Battle of Karbala


The Departure Of Sayyiduna Imam Hussain From Makkah Al-Mukarramah

There is no doubt that the place and time of one’s death or martyrdom has been decreed
by Almighty Allah and in spite of all the obstacles that may seem to hinder one from
reaching his/her place of death, one will somehow reach that place at the destined
period of time. Sayyid-ush-Shuhadaa, Imam Hussain,  whose martyrdom had
been forever decreed, found that circumstances had compelled him to leave towards
Karbala. When Sayyiduna Muslim Ibn Aqeel’s letter reached Imam Hussain (Radi Allahu Anhu), he
now had no legal excuse for rejecting the request of Imam Hussain.

Therefore, Imam Hussain began his preparations ahead of his travel to Iraq. The people of
Makkah was not pleased with Imam Hussain’s decision to leave Makkah for Iraq,
Prominent Companions of Allah’s Messenger  such as Sayyiduna Abdullah Ibn
Abbas, Sayyiduna Abdullah Ibn Omar, Sayyiduna Jabir, Sayyiduna Abu Sa’eed Al-
Khudri, Sayyiduna Abu Waaqid Al-Laithi who approached Imam Hussain
and advised him that he should not go to Kufah as the people there were lovers of
Dirham and Dinar (i.e. They were not trustable).

The Companions to explained to Imam Hussain us that these people had betrayed his father, Sayyiduna Ali (Radi Allahu Anhu), and his brother, Sayyiduna Imam Hasan(Radi Allahu Anhu),. The dictatorship of Yazeed was
established in Kufah and therefore, the companions warned Imam Hussain ole that
Ahl-ul-Kufah was inviting him towards warfare and disputation. The companions
were suspicious that the people of Kufah could never be loyal and they would
betray Imam Hussain,  him and desert him, leaving him without assistance
and companionship. Most worryingly, Ahl-ul-Kufah were likely to cooperate with
the government of Yazeed and thus those who were supposedly the hosts of Imam
Hussain would turn out to be his greatest enemy. Imam Hussain  replied that
he was seeking goodness from his Lord and therefore, it would be seen how the
the situation would develop. (At-Tibri Volume 2 Page 211)

When Sayyiduna Abdullah Ibn Zubair  requested Imam Hussain to postpone his journey to Iraq, Imam Hussain  replied,

حدثني ابي ان لمكة كبشا يستحل حرمتها فما أحب أن أكون أنا ذلك الكبش
“My father said to me that indeed there will be a ram which will make lawful the
sanctity of Makkah thus I do not wish to be that ram.” (As-Sawaa’iq Al-Muharraqah Page 120)

It is stated in one narration that when Sayyiduna Abdullah Ibn Zubair (Radi Allahu Anhu) attempted to persuade Sayyiduna Imam Hussain one to abstain from traveling to Iraq and said to Imam Hussain  (Radi Allahu Anhu)that he should remain in Masjid Al-Haraam where he would gather people to defend Imam Hussain 2.

Imam Hussain  (Radi Allahu Anhu)replied that even if he was to be killed one hand span away from Masjid Al-Haraam,
he would consider it better than being killed in the Masjid. Imam Hussain  (Radi Allahu Anhu) swore by Allah that even if he was to hide in the holes of the insects, the people would extract him from there and carry out whatever actions they wished with him. (At-Tibri Volume 2 Page 213)

In spite of many efforts by the great companions of Rasoolullah to stop Sayyiduna
Imam Hussain the from leaving Makkah, Imam Hussain the left for Iraq on 3rd
Dhul-Hijjah 60 AH along with his family, his associates, and his servants. In total,
83 people accompanied Sayyiduna Imam Hussain (Radi Allahu Anhu) from the blessed city of Al-
Makkah Al-Mukarramah to Iraq.

Imam Hussain (Radi Allahu Anhu) had a strong suspicion that the Yazeedi regime wished to arrest
and imprison him. When the poet Farazdaq met Sayyiduna Imam Hussain (Radi Allahu Anhu) , he
asked Imam Hussain why he had rushed to Iraq when the Hajj season was so
close – why didn’t he perform Hajj before leaving for Iraq? Imam Hussain
replied that if he had not left Makkah at the time that he left, he would have been
imprisoned in Makkah. (At-Tibri Volume 2 Page 214)

Physically, it is apparent that Imam Hussain (Radi Allahu Anhu) left Makkah due to the fact
that he suspected that the Yazeedis would capture him whilst he was in Makkah.
Spiritually, the reason why Imam Hussain was leaving Makkah was that the
desire for martyrdom was spiritually drawing him towards the land of Karbala.

The Members Of The Ahl-Ul-Bait Who Went To Karbala

Sayyiduna Imam Hussain  (Radi Allahu Anhu)accompanied by his three sons on the
journey towards Iraq. The eldest son was Sayyiduna Ali Al-Awsat who is
more famously known as Zain-ul-“Aabideen  (Radi Allahu Anhu). He was conceived by
Imam Hussain’s wife Sayyidah Shahr Banu (Radi Allahu Anha) his age at the time when
the journey took place was 22 years. Sayyiduna Zain-ul-‘Aabideen
was ill at this time.

The second son of Sayyiduna Imam Hussain  was Ali
Akbar  whose mother was Sayyidah Ya’la Bint Abi Murrah. At this time, he
was 18 years old and he was to be martyred in Karbala. The third son of Imam
Hussain  (Radi Allahu Anhu) was Ali Asghar whose mother was from the tribe, Banu Qodhaa’ah.
Sayyiduna Ali Asghar was still a small child who used to be breastfed when the
Ahl-ul-Bait was leaving for Iraq. Sayyiduna Imam Hussain’s daughter, Sakeenah, was also accompanying Imam Hussain (Radi Allahu Anhu). At this time, her age was 7 years
and her mother was the daughter of Imra’-ul-Qais Ibn `Adi from the Banu Kalb.

Sayyiduna Qasim  (Radi Allahu Anhu)had been suggested as a possible match for her but her
marriage took place with Sayyiduna Mus’ab Ibn Zubair (Radi Allahu Anhu). As for the narrations
that are often mentioned in regards to her marrying Sayyiduna Qasim in Karbala, it
should be known that they are false. Sayyiduna Qasim was connected to Sayyidah
Sakeenah but no marriage agreement was established.

Sayyiduna Imam Hussain’s two wives, Sayyidah Shahr Banu, and the mother
of Sayyiduna Ali Asghar  , joined him on the journey towards Karbala. The
four young sons of Sayyiduna Imam Hasan , Sayyiduna Qasim, Sayyiduna
Abdullah, Sayyiduna Omar and Sayyiduna Abu Bakr (Radi Allahu Anhu) were also amongst those
traveling with Imam Hussain Mus.

The five sons of Sayyiduna Ali, Sayyiduna
Abbas Ibn Ali, Sayyiduna Othman Ibn Ali, Sayyiduna Abdullah Ibn Ali, Sayyiduna
Muhammad Ibn Ali and Sayyiduna Ja’far Ibn Aliwe (Radi Allahu Anhu)were journeying to Iraq with
Imam Hussain as well. Amongst the children of Sayyiduna Aqeel Ibn Abi Taalib,
Sayyiduna Muslim (Radi Allahu Anhu) had already been martyred in Kufah and the three other
sons, Sayyiduna Abdullah, Sayyiduna Abdul Rahman and Sayyiduna Ja’far were
traveling to Karbala with Imam Hussain. Two grandsons of Sayyiduna Ja’far
Tayyaar, Sayyiduna Muhammad and Sayyiduna Awn went to Karbala and
were martyred along with Imam Hussain  . The father of Awn and Muhammad

was Abdullah Ibn Ja’far and their mother was Sayyidah Zaynab who was the sister
of Sayyiduna Imam Hussain and thus these two blessed martyrs were the nephews
of Imam Hussain the
Amongst the youth of the Ahl-ul-Bait, 17 were martyred in Karbala along with
Imam Hussain(Radi Allahu Anhu) . Sayyiduna Zain-ul-Aabideen, Sayyiduna Omar Ibn Hasan,
Sayyiduna Muhammad Ibn Ali and the infants from the blessed family were
imprisoned. (Swaanih Karbala)

As soon as Imam Hussain came out of Makkah, the governor of Makkah, Amr Ibn
Sa’eed sent a division from the army to hinder Sayyiduna Imam Hussain outside of
Makkah and attempts to force him to return to Makkah. Sayyiduna Imam Hussain
refused to return to Makkah and as a result, there was a huge quarrel as both sides
began to fight. Sayyiduna Imam Hussain’s companions were fully prepared to
remove anyone obstructing the Ahl-ul-Bait from leaving towards Iraq and therefore,
the army of Amr had no choice but to stand aside, and thereafter, the travelers
continued on their journey. (At-Tibri Volume 2 Page 213)

When Imam Hussain reached a place called As-Saffaah, he met the poet
Farazdaq. Sayyiduna Imam Hussain  asked Farazdaq about the situation of
Ahl-ul-Kufah. Farazdaq said to Sayyiduna Al-Hussain  (Radi Allahu Anhu)that the hearts of these
people were with Imam Hussain but their swords would be with Banu Omayyah.
Imam Hussain  (Radi Allahu Anhu) agreed with Farazdaq but said to him that everything was in the
hands of Allah – He does whatever He wishes. If Allah decreed for Imam Hussain
that which was desirable to Sayyiduna Imam Hussain then he and his family would
thank Allah for His favor upon them. If the decree was not according to the ideal
situation for the Ahl-ul-Bait then Imam Hussain explained how the Ahl-ul-Bait
would be happy that their intentions were pure in attempting to establish justice
in the world and also with the fact that their hearts were filled with piety. (At-Tibri
Volume 2 Page 214)

When Sayyiduna Imam Hussain proceeded towards Iraq after his discussion with
Farazdaq, his nephews, Sayyiduna Muhammad and Sayyiduna Awn with me, met him
on the way and presented a letter from their father, Sayyiduna Abdullah Ibn Jaʼfar
Ibn Tayyaar. In this letter, Sayyiduna Abdullah insisted that Imam Hussain

returns to Makkah for the sake of Allah. Sayyiduna Abdullah expressed his fear
that the place towards which Imam Hussain was going was a land on which Imam
Hussain and his Ahl-ul-Bait would be destroyed. The destruction of Imam Hussain
would darken the entire world as he was the guide of all the seekers of guidance
and the hope of the Muslim Ummah was on him. Sayyiduna Abdullah Ibn Ja’far
At-Tayyaar requested that Imam Hussain not hasten in his journey as
Sayyiduna Abdullah was following the travelers and would catch them up soon.
(At-Tibri Volume 2 Page 216)

Sayyiduna Abdullah Ibn Jaʼfar approached the governor of Makkah, Amr Ibn
Sa’eed and after talking to him, he managed to receive immunity from prosecution
for Sayyiduna Imam Hussain on and for the reassurance of Imam Hussain,
Sayyiduna Abdullah Ibn Ja’far took the brother of Amr Ibn Sa’eed, Yahya Ibn
Sa’eed along with him when following Imam Hussain’s group of travelers. Yahya
showed the documents of immunity to Imam Hussain once they managed to reach
him but Imam Hussain refused to return. The people asked, “Why are you so
adamant to go to Iraq?” Sayyiduna Imam Hussain replied that he had seen the
blessed Messenger in a dream and whatever was commanded by the Messenger
of Allah yang in that dream had to be fulfilled regardless of whether this fulfillment
caused harm to Imam Hussain or whether it benefited him. The people asked
what was seen in the dream. Imam Hussain replied that he had never informed
anyone about the details of that dream and nor would he ever reveal the details of
this dream to anyone until he met his Lord. (At-Tibri Volume 2 Page 216)

Imam Hussain replied in writing to the document of Amr ibn Sa’eed and sent
it to him. Sayyiduna Abdullah Ibn Jaʼfar could not accompany Imam Hussain
on this journey due to certain necessary matters and therefore, he returned home but
he advised his sons, Awn and Muhammad  (Radi Allahu Anhu), to remain with Sayyiduna Imam

The Martyrdom of Sayyiduna Qais

When Sayyiduna Imam Hussain reached Haajir, he gave a letter to his sincere
devotee, Sayyiduna Qais Ibn Mas-har As-Saidaawee and told him to go to Kufah

with it. In the letter, after praising Allah and sending salutations on the Holy
Prophet (, Imam Hussain explained how he had been informed through writing
by Sayyiduna Muslim Ibn Aqeel that the situation and circumstances of Ahl-ul-
Kufah was correct and that the people of Kufah were unanimous in their desire to
assist Imam Hussain 2. Imam Hussain  prayed to Allah in the letter that he
show his benevolence to the Ahl-ul-Bait and reward the people of Kufah for their

Imam Hussain informed the people of Kufah in the letter that he was about
to reach Kufah a few days after they would receive the letter as he had already
set off from Makkah and therefore, the people should have been organizing and
preparing themselves for his arrival. (At-Tibri Volume 2 Page 223)

When Sayyiduna Qais reached Al-Qaadisiyyah with the letter, Haseen Ibn Nomair,
who was supervising the road along with the army under the command of Ibn Ziyaad,
captured Sayyiduna Qais and sent him to Ibn Ziyaad in Kufah. When Sayyiduna
Qais met Ibn Ziyaad, Ibn Ziyaad said to him that the only way he could be saved
was if he climbed the roof and made a speech in which he would criticize Sayyiduna
Hussain Ibn Ali (Radi Allahu Anhu). Sayyiduna Qais climbed the rooftop and said, “O people, the
grandson of the Messenger of Allah Sayyiduna Hussain Ibn Ali, is amongst the
creation of this time, the best person. I have been sent by him to you. It is essential
upon you to stand up in his defense and accept his call.

Sayyiduna Qais then criticized Ibn Ziyaad and his father whilst he supplicated for
Sayyiduna Ali 2. Ibn Ziyaad was outraged when he heard the speech and he
ordered that Sayyiduna Qais be pushed down from the roof so that his bones would
break. The merciless tyrants pushed Sayyiduna Qais from the roof which caused
his body to be shattered into pieces and he passed away. Thus this true lover of
Imam Hussain sacrificed his life and became a martyr. (At-Tibri Volume 2 Page 224)
When Sayyiduna Hussain Ibn Ali ha continued on his journey, he met Sayyiduna
Abdullah Ibn Motee’ near a well who asked, “O son of Rasoolullah, may my
mother and father be sacrificed upon you, why did you come here?” Sayyiduna
Hussain explained why he wished to go to Kufah. Sayyiduna Abdullah Ibn
Motee’d requested for Allah’s sake that Sayyiduna Hussain not allow the sanctity
of Islam, the sanctity of the Messenger sis, and the sanctity of the Arabs to be

diminished. He explained how Imam Hussain should not have been going to Kufah
as most certainly the people of Kufah would kill Imam Hussain S. Sayyiduna
Imam Hussain replied,
– لن يصيبنا الا ما كتب الله لنا
“Nothing shall harm us except that which Allah has preordained for us.”
Meeting With Sayyiduna Zohair
When Sayyiduna Imam Hussain reached a place called ‘Zarood’, he rested there and
he saw a tent near a well. Upon inquiry, it was established that this tent belonged to
Zohair Ibn Qain Al-Bajalli who was returning to Kufah after his performance of the
Hajj pilgrimage. Originally, Zohair did not possess a lot of love and devotion for the
Ahl-ul-Bait and when he received a message from Sayyiduna Imam Hussain
that he wanted to meet Zohair, Zohair originally desired to refuse to meet Imam
Hussain but upon the prompting of his wife, he accepted as his wife said to him,
“How amazing! The child of Allah’s Messenger calls you and you don’t go to meet
him.” Zohair went to Sayyiduna Imam Hussain and returned quickly and very
happily to his tent. He sent all his goods to Imam Hussain and thereafter, divorced
his wife telling her that she should return with her brother to her parents’ home. He
then said to his companions that whoever amongst them wished to stay would stay
and whoever wished to go was to go but they were to realize that this was the last
time they would meet him. Sayyiduna Zohair’s companions were astonished and
they asked how he could say this. Sayyiduna Zohair said, “In the battle of Balanjar,
Allah made us victors and we received a lot of war booty. Sayyiduna Salman Al-
Farsi asked us whether we were content and happy upon being victorious and
receiving so much war booty. We replied that we were very happy. Salman Al-
Farsi da said that a day would come when we would meet the master of the youth
from the household of the Messenger (Sayyiduna Hussain) and when we would
compete against his enemies, we would experience more pleasure than the pleasure
we got when we won that war and received so much booty. This is the reason why I
am bidding you farewell and leaving you in the hands of Almighty Allah.”

Sayyiduna Zohair remained with Sayyiduna Imam Hussain te from that day
onwards until he was blessed with martyrdom in Karbala whilst fighting against the
enemies of Imam Hussain (Al-Tibri Volume 2 Page 225)
The News Of Sayyiduna Muslim’s Martyrdom
Imam Hussain did not become aware of the situation in Kufah until he
arrived in Tha’labiyyah where he was told by Bokair Ibn Math’abah Al-Asadi that
Sayyiduna Muslim Ibn Aqeel and Sayyiduna Haani Ibn Urwah had been killed and
their feet had been tied together and their corpses were dragged along the streets.
Upon hearing this awful news, Sayyiduna Imam Hussain a continuously recited,
انا لالله وانا اليه راجعون رحمة الله عليهما
Abdullah Ibn Saleem and Mudhri Ibn Mushma’il Al-Asadi both of whom had
joined Imam Hussain and his followers at Zarood where they were returning from
Hajj, pleaded with Imam Hussain te not to place his life and the life of his family
in danger as there was no friend of his in Kufah but moreover, it seemed extremely
likely that the people who invited Sayyiduna Imam Hussain on would turn out to
be his greatest enemies. Upon hearing this, the three brothers of Sayyiduna Muslim
Ibn Aqeel arose and said passionately that they would not return until they had
gained retaliation for the blood of Sayyiduna Muslim or until they were killed
like their brother. Sayyiduna Imam Hussain looked towards the Asadis and said,
“After these people, there is no pleasure in life.” Some people from the companions
of Sayyiduna Imam Hussain said to him that his status differed from the status of
Sayyiduna Muslim (i.e. Imam Hussain was more virtuous than Sayyiduna Muslim)
and therefore, when Sayyiduna Imam Hussain would enter Kufah, the people would
rush to his support. Sayyiduna Imam Hussain did not support this claim but
moreover, he remained silent. (At-Tibri Volume 2 Page 227)

As the group of travelers continued on their travels, everyone was not aware that
Sayyiduna Muslim had been martyred. When they reached a place called
Zubaalah,’ Sayyiduna Imam Hussain addressed all those who were traveling with

him and informed them that he had received the dreadful news that Sayyiduna
Muslim Ibn Aqeel he had been killed and those who had made claims of fidelity
to the Ahl-ul-Bait had forsaken the Ahl-ul-Bait. Sayyiduna Imam Hussain (Radi Allahu Anhu)is now giving the people the chance to return to their homelands if they wished to do so and
he assured them that they would not be blameworthy if they returned during these
turbulent times. Most of those Arabs who had joined Imam Hussain whilst he began
his journey from Makkah to Iraq had immediately scattered here and there when
they heard this announcement. The people who remained with Imam Hussain
were mostly those who had joined him from Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah. (At-
Tibri Volume 2 Page 227)

The Arrival Of Hurr

On the first of Muharram 60 AH, Imam Hussain reached mount Dhii Hasham
and he set up tents beneath the mountain. Hurr Ibn Yazeed At-Tameemi arrived
with an army of 1000 people with the intention of capturing Imam Hussain
When the army of Hurr arrived, it was midday and both the soldiers and the horses
were extremely thirsty. Sayyiduna Imam Hussain provided all of them with water
and it was perhaps due to this act of sympathy that Hurr did not have the nerve to
say anything to Sayyiduna Imam Hussain (Radi Allahu Anhu). When the time for Salaah-tudh-
Dhuhr began and the Adhaan (call to prayer) was recited, Imam Hussain (Radi Allahu Anhu), after
praising Allah and His Rasool said, “O) people, I defend myself before Allah and
you people because I did not come here until your letters reached me in which you
invited me to come as you did not have any Imam and you thought that perhaps
my arrival would be a source of guidance for the community of Kufah. If you are
firm on your claims, then I am here to witness your loyalty. Therefore, make a
promise to me so that I can be content. If this promise is fulfilled then I can enter
your city. If you are not pleased with my arrival then I shall return to the city from
where I came.” After this speech of Imam Hussain, silence spread, and no-one
responded to his words.
Sayyiduna Imam Hussain ten asked Hurr whether he wanted to perform Salaah
along with the followers of Imam Hussain (Radi Allahu Anhu) or whether he would perform

separately from the congregation. Hurr said, “Lead the Salaah. All of us shall
perform Salaah behind you.” Thus both sides performed Salaah together under the
leadership of Imam Hussain tea and thereafter, they all returned to their camps.
(At-Tibri Volume 2 Page 230)

At the time of Asr Salaah, Sayyiduna Imam Hussain commanded that all his
companions prepare to leave, and thereafter, he came out of the camps, and Asr
Salaah was also performed by both sides in one congregation behind Imam Hussain
b. After Salaah, Imam Hussain turned his attention towards the people and
after praising Allah and sending situations upon the best of creation, he said,
“O people, if you fear Allah and recognize the people of truth, you shall gain the
pleasure of Almighty Allah. Those who are governing you with oppression, we (the
Ahl-ul-Bait) are more worthy of Khilafah in comparison to them. If you do not like
me, do not recognize my rights and your views are opposed to the views that you
expressed in your letters then I shall return.” Hurr swore by Allah that he had no
knowledge of the letters to which Imam Hussain was alluding. Sayyiduna
Imam Hussain ordered that the sack of letters which he had received from the Ahl-
ul-Kufah be emptied in front of Hurr. Upon seeing the letters, Hurr explained that
he was not amongst those who had written these letters and he was simply under the
command that as soon as he was to meet Sayyiduna Imam Hussain (Radi Allahu Anhu), he was to
always remain with him until he managed to lead Imam Hussain leads to Ibn Ziyaad.
Imam Hussain said it would be easier for Hurr to die than accomplish the demand
given to him that he should escort Imam Hussain to Ibn Ziyaad. Imam Hussain et
said to his companions that they should all sit on their rides and return to their
homelands. Hurr stopped them from returning. Imam Hussain said, “May your
mother weep on you, what is your purpose?” Hurr answered, “By Allah, if another
Arab had said these words I would have insulted his mother too but I will only
recall your mother with good words.” Imam Hussain asked Hurr what he desired
and Hurr replied that he wanted to take Imam Hussain to Ibn Ziyaad. Imam Hussain
said, “By Allah, this shall never happen.” Hurr replied, “By Allah, I shall never
leave you.” The argument continued for a while until Hurr eventually said that he
had not been commanded to fight with Imam Hussain but moreover, he had been
ordered to remain with Imam Hussain until he reached Kufah. Hurr advised that if
Imam Hussain did not wish to go to Kufah then he should travel on a path which
neither went towards Kufah nor went towards Madinah until Hurr could receive

some sort of command from Ibn Ziyaad. Imam Hussain admired this advice and
therefore, he began to travel on the west of Qaadisiyyah and Adheeb path and Hurr
traveled along with him. (At-Tibri Volume 2 Page 232)
A Discussion Between A Father And His Son
When the group of Imam Hussain reached the palace ‘Banu Muqaatil’ Imam
Hussain decided to rest there and Furr stopped at a small distance. After
midnight, Imam Hussain said to his companions that they should load water and
leave. They set off for a while when Imam Hussain fell asleep and then suddenly
awoke and recited thrice,
انا لالله وانا اليه راجعون والحمد الله رب العالمين
“Indeed we belong to Allah and to Him we shall return and all praise is due to Allah,
the Lord of the Worlds.” When his son, Sayyiduna Zain-ul-Aabideen heard these
words, he came closer to his father and said, “O father, how did these words come
out of your blessed mouth at this time?” Sayyiduna Imam Hussain stated that
he had seen a dream in which a rider was saying, “These people are traveling on
the path whilst death is approaching them.” Imam Hussain explained how he
thought that he was being informed in the dream of forthcoming deaths. Sayyiduna
Zain-ul-Aabideen said, “May Allah preserve you from all calamities. Are we not
on the truth?” Imam Hussain replied, “By the Lord to who all have to return, we
are on the truth.” Imam Zain-ul-Aabideen stated bravely, “When we are on the
truth then we have no care (and no fear) of such a death.” Imam Hussain prayed for
Sayyiduna Zain-ul-Aabideen saying, “May Allah reward you with the goodness
which a father can give to his child.” (Al-Tibri Volume 2 Page 237)

When the travelers reached Nenawaa, a rider was seen arriving from Kufah in
anticipation of whom everyone stopped proceeding further. As he came, he did not
turn towards Sayyiduna Imam Hussain but moreover, he concentrated on Hurr to
whom he conveyed the greetings of Salaam and to whom he passed a letter from
Ibn Ziyaad. In the letter, Ibn Ziyaad wrote that Hurr should halt Imam Hussain (Radi Allahu Anhu)

from traveling any further and force Imam Hussain to descend onto a desert area
where the land was barren, where there is no refuge and no access to water. Ibn
Ziyaad explained in the letter that he had ordered his delegate to remain with Hurt
and to inform Ibn Ziyaad of Hurr’s actions. The delegate would not leave Hurr until
Hurr had fulfilled his duty. Hurr informed Imam Hussain size and his companions in
regards to the details of the letter sent by Ibn Ziyaad. Imam Hussain te requested
that Hurr allow him and his companions to proceed for a while until they reached
the next village, ‘Ghaadhiriyyah’ or ‘Shafiyyah.’ Hurr replied that he had been
commanded to hold Imam Hussain the con and his companions on barren land and
the aide of Ibn Ziyaad were accompanying him, therefore, Hurr’s course of action
was being critically assessed. Upon this reply of Hurr, Imam Hussain’s companions
became passionate. Sayyiduna Zohair Ibn Qain said, “O son of Rasoolullah
fighting with these people is easier than fighting with those who shall follow them
because those people will be so numerous that we will not be able to compete
against them.” Imam Hussain answered that he would not allow any quarrel to
be started from people on his side. Imam Hussain said to Hurr that he should have
been allowing them to travel at least a bit further. Hurr remained silent, therefore,
Imam Hussain towards the left.
The Land Of Karbala
As Sayyiduna Imam Hussain continued to travel a bit further, the soldiers of
Hurr stopped him and said that they should stop here as the Euphrates was not far
from this place. Imam Hussain asked, “What is this place called?” The people
answered that this place was called Karbala.’ As soon as Imam Hussain heard
these words, he dismounted from his horse and said,
– هذه کربلاء موضع کرب وبلاء هذا مناخ ركابنا ومحط رحالنا ومقتل رجالنا
“This is Karbala – the place of ‘Karb’ (anguish) and ‘Bala’ (affliction or torment).
This is the place where our rides shall sit, the place where our luggage shall be
placed and it is the place where our men shall be killed.” (Noor-ul-Absaar Page
117) The day when Sayyiduna Imam Hussain stopped in Karbala was a Thursday
and the date was 2nd Muharram 61 A.H.

When Hurt managed to force Sayyiduna Imam Hussain (Radi Allahu Anhu) descend on the land
of Karbala, he informed Ibn Ziyaad that Imam Hussain ole was now in Karbala
At this time, a rebellion was going on in Iran, and in order to suppress it, Amr Ibn
Sa’d was appointed as the leader of an army of 4000 men. The warrant of the
Rai government was given in writing to Ibn Sa’d. Ibn Sa’d and his army had only
reached a bit far when Ibn Ziyaad recalled him and told him to first finish the
enterprise of Sayyiduna Hussain and then move on towards Iran. Amr was the son
of a great companion of Rasoolullah who was from Al-Ashrah Al-Mubasharah,
Sayyiduna Sa’d Ibn Abi Waqaases. Amr was fully aware of the virtues and
excellences that Imam Hussain possessed and therefore, he urged Ibn Ziyaad
not to send him for this duty. Ibn Ziyaad said to Ibn Sa’d that if he did not wish to
compete against Imam Hussain (Radi Allahu Anhu) then he was to give up the governing of Rai –
an appointment which he had recently received in writing. Ibn Sa’d requested that
he be granted a day to ponder over the issue and reach his final decision. Eventually,
worldly greed gripped Ibn Sa’d and he was ready to challenge Imam Hussain
The army of 4000 which was originally heading towards Iran now turned towards
Karbala where it arrived on 3rd Muharram. After that, many reinforcements continued
to take place until eventually, the army of Ibn Sa’d consisted of 20 000 men. How
astonishing it is to realize that Imam Hussain (Radi Allahu Anhu) was only accompanied by 82
people and that included children and women. Furthermore, Imam Hussain and
his companions had not left in order to fight and thus they did not have weaponry
with them. Ibn Ziyaad was so fearful of the Ahl-ul-Bait’s courage that he sent a
huge army of 20 000 men in order to compete with the Ahl-ul-Bait. Not only did he
not find an army double the size of the Ahl-ul-Bait or treble the size or four times
the size of the Ahl-ul-Bait insufficient but moreover, he did not view an army that
was 100 times stronger in terms of manpower than the group of Ahl-ul-Bait as a
sufficient amount of people to compete with the Ahl-ul-bait. All the men of Kufah
who were able warriors were sent to Karbala but in spite of this, the army of Ibn
Sa’d was terrified and these experienced fighters’ morale was low. Their conclusion
was that the only effective way of being able to compete against Imam Hussain and
his companions and was by halting the supply of water from reaching them. Ibn Sa’d
selected a division of 500 people under the leadership of Amr Ibn Hajjaaj, to stand
at the Euphrates in order to stop the Ahl-ul-Bait from drinking even a drop of water.
This stopping of water supply occurred three days prior to the martyrdom of Imam
Hussain. (A1-Tibri Volume 2 Page 241)

Ibn Sa’d sent a person to Sayyiduna Imam Hussain eta in order to ask why he
had come to Iraq and what he wanted. Sayyiduna Imam Hussain replied that
the people of Kufah had written many letters to him in which they invited him to
Kufah. If the people of Kufah no longer wished to accept Imam Hussain, Imam
Hussain (Radi Allahu Anhu) was prepared to return to his homeland. Ibn Sa’d wrote down the
details of this question and the answer of Imam Hussain and sent it to Kufah.
Ibn Ziyaad replied that Ibn Sa’d order Imam Hussain and his followers to
pledge allegiance (Bay’ah) to Yazeed. If Sayyiduna Imam Hussain et pledged
allegiance along with his companions then Ibn Ziyaad would decide how to deal
with Imam Hussain ka. When Ibn Sa’d received this reply, he stated how it was
obvious that Ibn Ziyaad did not desire peace
and security.
A Meeting Between Imam Hussain And Ibn Sa’d
Imam Hussain 4 sent a message to Ibn Sa’d that he wished to meet him during
that night. Ibn Sa’d accepted and during the night, he came to the middle of the two
armies along with twenty horsemen. Imam Hussain ole also went to the middle with
twenty horsemen accompanying him. Both of them separated their companions and
talked in seclusion for a while. Imam Hussain et proposed three things before Ibn
Sa’d and gave him the choice to choose whichever of the three points suited him,
1) Imam Hussain proposed that he be permitted to return to the place from
where he came.
2) Imam Hussain offered to be taken to a border region where he could
stay peacefully (without having to interfere in the matters of the Yazidi
3) Imam Hussain was prepared to be taken to Yazeed in Damascus. For their
contentment, Ibn Sa’d and his companions could follow Imam Hussain She
Upon meeting Yazeed, Imam Hussain would straightforwardly resolve the
an issue like Imam Hussain’s brother Imam Hasan (Radi Allahu Anhu) had resolved matters
between himself and Sayyiduna Mu’awiyah

The conduct of Imam Hussain (Radi Allahu Anhu) was so liberal that Ibn Sa’d accepted that Imam
Hussain sought peace. Happily, Ibn Sa’d wrote to Ibn Ziyaad explaining that
Allah had extinguished the fire, created a circumstance in which unity was possible, and rectified the situation of the Ummah. Ibn Sa’d wrote the three conditions of
Imam Hussain and finally, expressed his opinion that there was no longer
any basis to continue the disunity and therefore, the matter should now have been
Upon reading this letter of Ibn Sa’d, Ibn Ziyaad explained how this writing was of a
man who desired good for his leader and who had sympathy and compassion for his
nation. Ibn Ziyaad was, therefore, prepared to accept these conditions. Shimar Dhul
Jawshan arose at this point and said to Ibn Ziyaad, “You are prepared to accept this
claim of his even though he has landed on your land and is directed towards you. By
Allah, if he leaves here without showing obedience to you then he shall have power
over you, and eventually, he shall overcome you whilst you shall become dependent
and weak. Hussain and his followers should bow in obedience before you. If you
punish them then you have the right to do so but you also have the choice to forgive
them. As for Ibn Sa’d, I swear by Allah that I have been informed that he holds
meetings with Hussain throughout the night.”
The words of the wretched Shimar altered the views of Ibn Ziyaad who said that
Shimar had rendered beautiful advice. Ibn Ziyaad wrote to Ibn Sa’d and said to
him that he had not been sent to save Imam Hussain (Radi Allahu Anhu) or become a mediator
desiring the wellbeing of Imam Hussain 2. Ibn Ziyaad commanded that if Imam
Hussain ole and his companions obeyed the commands of Ibn Ziyaad then it was
Ibn Sa’d to send them to Ibn Ziyaad. Otherwise, Ibn Sa’d was to
cut their heads off and send their heads to Ibn Ziyaad. Furthermore, Ibn Ziyaad
ordered that the body of Imam Hussain be trampled on by the horses as it was his
belief that Imam Hussain was deserved this. If Ibn Sa’d was not prepared to
carry this out then he was to hand over the army of Ibn Ziyaad to Shimar who would
carry out all the commands. Ibn Ziyaad gave this letter to Shimar and commanded
him that if Ibn Sa’d did not obey this order then Shimar was to firstly kill Ibn Sa’d
and was to send his head to Ibn Ziyaad. (A1-Tibri Volume 2 Page 244)
When Ibn Sa’d read the letter, he said to Shimar, “What have you done? Allah ruin
you, what have you brought to me? I swear by Allah, I think you stopped Ibn Ziyaad

from acting upon my advice and you destroyed a situation that was being solved.
By Allah, Hussain cannot bow his head before Ibn Ziyaad.” Shimar said that Ibn
Sa’d leave aside these matters and inform him whether he was planning to
kill the enemy (Imam Hussain) or hand over the army to Shimar. Ibn Sa’d was a
man who was prepared to sacrifice his life for the sake of worldly wealth and was an
eternally unfortunate man. He said that he would not hand over the army to Shimar
but moreover, he would finish the matter and he immediately commanded his
to attack. This happened on the evening of 9th Muharram which was a Thursday.
Imam Hussain was near the entrance of the camp after performing Salaah-tul-Asr.
The Imam was sitting with his head on his blessed knees and he dozed off. Hearing
the uproar of the army, Imam Hussain’s sister, Sayyidah Zaynab came near
the curtain and awoke Imam Hussain to explaining to him that the noise of the
enemy seemed to be coming from a very close place. Imam Hussain cho said that
he had just seen a dream in which the Messenger of Allah was saying,
I COÚ ID. “You shall depart towards us.” Sayyidah Zaynab began to cry
when she heard these words and she said,  – “What a catastrophe!” Imam
Hussain consoled her and told her to be patient and be silent as Imam
Hussain a trusted in Allah.
Imam Hussain requested that Sayyiduna Abbas do ask the enemy why they
were attacking Imam Hussain and his companions. Sayyiduna Abbas faced the
army and asked them and received the answer that Ibn Ziyaad had ordered that they
all submit to his commands and obey him otherwise, they were to prepare for war.
Sayyiduna Abbas informed Sayyiduna Imam Hussain of their answer. Imam
Hussain said to Sayyiduna Abbas ba that he was to suggest that they were
to allow Imam Hussain one night in which he could pray Salaah, supplicate
to his Lord and seek repentance. Allah knew well how much love Sayyiduna Imam
Hussain Lion had for these things. When Sayyiduna Abbas made this request to a
division of the army, they accepted and permitted Imam Hussain eta one night to
worship Allah, the Almighty. (At-Tibri Volume 2 Page 248)

Imam Hussain’s Speech Amongst His Companions
Imam Hussain (Radi Allahu Anhu) gathered all of his companions and delivered a speech.
He began with praising Allah, who he explained was worthy of praise at all times,
at times of ease, and at times of hardship. He thanked Allah for making the Ahl Bait
of the Prophet worthy of respect and reverence. He thanked Allah for teaching
the Muslims the Qur’an, bestowing upon their understanding of the Deen (religion)
and bestowed upon humanity the power of hearing and seeing and a heart with
which they could sense emotions. After this, Imam Hussain said, “Amongst the
companions of people on the Earth, I do not know more loyal companions than
my companions and amongst the families of people on the Earth, I do not know
any family that is more pious than my family and I do not know any family which
maintains bonds with its relations in the manner that my family does. May Allah
reward all of you on my behalf. Listen carefully, I am certain that we will be
martyred tomorrow at the hands of those enemies. I happily permit all of you to go
you wish as it is extremely dark outside. You can go and there will be no
blame on you for doing so. These people are zealously pursuing my murder and
once they have killed me, they shall not turn their attention towards anyone else
(from my family and companions).”
Upon hearing this speech, firstly, Sayyiduna Abbas and then Imam Hussain’s
brother, his sons, and nephews all arose and said together, “Are you suggesting that
we should go so that we should remain alive after you (have been killed)? May
Allah never shows us such a horrific day (when we have such an ideology).” Imam
Hussain called out, “O children of Aqeel! The murder of a Muslim is sufficient (as a
trauma) for you. Leave this place – I am permitting you to do so.” The brothers of
Sayyiduna Muslim Ibn Aqeel said, “By Allah, such an action cannot be carried out
by us. We shall fight against your companions until we manage to sacrifice our lives
for your sake. May Allah not give us life on Earth after your departure from Earth.”
Sayyiduna Muslim Ibn Owsajah Al-Asadi arose and said, “It is not possible for us
to leave you stranded. By Allah, I shall fight them with my spear until it breaks on
one of their chests and I shall fight with my sword for as long as it remains in my
grip. By Allah, if I have no weapons, I shall use stones in order to fight with the
enemy and thus I shall sacrifice my life for you.”

Sayyiduna Sa’d Ibn Abdillah Al-Hanafi said, “By Allah, we shall not forsake your
support until we do not prove in the court of Allah how we defended the grandson
of the Holy Prophet Hotels By Allah, if I was to know that I would be killed and
thereafter, resurrected and my murder would be in such a horrific manner that I
would be burnt and my ashes would be thrown into the air and I would be murdered
in this manner seventy times, I still would not leave your support. This is simply
being killed once then it is followed by eternal life in which our dignity shall never
be violated nor shall it ever finish.”
Sayyiduna Zohair Ibn Qain said, “I wish that I be killed then resurrected, then
killed again then granted life again and this cycle of being granted life and then
martyrdom continue for a thousand times. I wish that this happen to me so that you
and your young children remain safe.”
All the companions of Imam Hussain ole en expressed such passion and devotion
showing that they were prepared to sacrifice their lives for the sake of Imam Hussain.
None of them was prepared to be separated from Imam Hussain de but moreover,
they wished to defend Imam Hussain with all their body parts until eventually, they
would sacrifice their lives for his sake. (Al-Tibri Volume 2 Page 25)
Imam Hussain et and his followers spent the night in worship and behind the
tents, trenches were dug and filled with wood so that they would burn the wood
during the battle in order to prevent the enemies from attacking the Ahl-ul-Bait
from behind.

Heart aching events on Tenth Muharram
The Heart Aching Events Of 10th Muharram
The night had reached completion and the morning of 10 Muharram dawned almost
like it was the day of judgement. Imam Hussain he and his followers performed
Fajr Salaah with utmost reverence and submission. The foreheads were enjoying the
ecstasy from prostrating in Sajdah before their Lord whilst the tongues were fresh
from the delicacy of Allah’s glorification (Tasbeeh) and the Qira’ah (recitation)
of the Holy Qur’an. The sun was about to rise on the 10th of Muharram, Imam
Hussain, his Ahl-ul-Bait and all the companions had been deprived of food and
water for three days. Not even a morsel of food or a drop of water had descended
below anyone’s throat for three days. 20 000 strong and healthy men were ready
to break down mountains of oppression and tyranny upon such a weakened group
of people. The drum of war had been beaten and the nation that had invited the
grandson of the Holy Prophet Helena who was also the beloved son of Fatimah (Radi Allahu Anha)
and Ali, as a guest now called him to compete for his life.
Imam Hussain as went to the battleground and delivered a speech. After praising
Allah and sending salutations and blessings upon the Holy Prophet Muhammad on
Imam Hussain addressed the people, “O) people! Concentrate upon my lineage.
Who am I? Look into yourselves and contemplate carefully. Is it permissible for
you to shed my blood? Am I not the grandson of your Prophet  ? Am I not the son
of the Prophet’s cousin, Sayyiduna Ali (Radi Allahu Anhu), who accepted Islam at the age of 8 or
10? Was Sayyid-ush-Shuhadaa, Hamzah, not the uncle of my father (i.e. my great-
uncle)? Was Ja’far At-Tayyaar not my uncle? Have any of you not heard the fact
that the Holy Messenger
said about me and my brother that we are the masters
of the heavenly youth? This is the truth as I do not lie but if you view this narration
to be false then Sayyiduna Jabir Ibn Abdullah Al-Ansaari, Sayyiduna Abu Sa’eed
Al-Khudri and Sayyiduna Anas Ibn Malik as well as many others are still present in
the Islamic world today. Ask them about this Hadeeth. Is this Hadeeth not sufficient
to halt you from shedding my blood?”

Shimar interrupted the speech of Imam Hussain tea and behaved in an
undistinguished manner. Habeeb Ibn Muzaahir, whilst answering Shimar, said
harshly, “Allah has stamped your heart that is why you are unable to understand the
words of Imam Hussain.” After the discussion of Shimar and Habeeb, Imam
Hussain said, “If you doubt the authenticity of the Hadeeth then tell me, are
you doubtful of my being the grandson of Rasoolullah? By Allah, from the East
till the West, there is no other grandson of a prophet in the world except for me.
This applies to your nation as well as other nations (i.e. The fact that there is no
grandson of a prophet on the Earth apart from myself). I am the grandson of your
own Prophet ones. Consider why you are inclined towards my murder. Have I killed
anyone, destroyed someone’s wealth or wounded someone that you are seeking
revenge from me for that action?” When no reply came from the opponents, Imam
Hussain exclaimed loudly, “O Shabith Ibn Rab’ee! O Hijaar Ibn Abjar! O Qais Ibn
Ash’ath! O Yazeed Ibn Harith! Did you people not send me letters inviting me to
Kufah?” These people replied that they had not written any letters. Imam Hussain
replied that they had definitely written these letters. Imam Hussain explained that
if nevertheless it was to be accepted that they did not write any letters and they did
not wish that Imam Hussain should come to Iraq then they should have been
allowing Imam Hussain setting to leave now so that he could settle in such a place
where he could reside with peace and harmony.
Qais Ibn Ash’ath said to Imam Hussain that he should have been submitting
before his relative, Ibn Ziyaad then he would not be handled with undesirable
treatment. Imam Hussain said to Qais, “Of course, why would you not speak like
this? After all, you are the brother of Muhammad Ibn Qais. Is it not sufficient for
you people that you are responsible for the bloodshed of Muslim Ibn Aqeel (Radi Allahu Anhu)?
By Allah, I shall never give my hand in your hand subserviently nor shall I pledge
to obey you like a slave.”
There was no hope of the opposition accepting Imam Hussain’s requests but Imam
Hussain a fulfilled his obligation. Imam Hussain made his camel sit and he
dismounted from the camel ordering Uqbah Ibn Sam’aan to tie the camel.
(At-Tibri Volume 2 Page 257)

Hurr’s Desire For Martyrdom
When Amr Ibn Sa’d moved forward in order to commence the battle, Hurr Ibn Yazeed
asked him curiously, “May Allah do good with you. Are you actually planning on
fighting with them?” Ibn Sa’d swore by Allah that such a war would be fought
which would end with a rain of (severed) heads and hands would be seen on the
ground after being cut off. Hurr wondered why they were not accepting any of the
propositions placed before them by Sayyiduna Imam Hussain Getz. Ibn Sa’d swore
by Allah that if he had authority, he would have accepted one of the propositions
but he was unable to do anything as their governor (Ibn Ziyaad) was not prepared
to accept any propositions of Imam Hussain . Hurr moved aside upon hearing
this. The thought of fighting against the grandson of the Holy Prophet is caused
Hurr’s entire body to shiver and signs of stress were apparent on his face. Muhajir
Ibn Aws, who was from the same tribe as Hurr, asked him what this condition of his
was as he was overcome with so much fear. Muhajir remarked how he always used
to describe Hurr as the bravest person in Kufah but today, he was witnessing Hurr
in a strange condition. What was the reason for this? Hurr replied that this war was
against the grandson of the Holy Prophet on which was in essence the destruction
of the Yazeedis’ hereafter. “I am stood between Jannah (paradise) and Jahannam
(Hell) but I will never forsake Jannah for anything even if my body parts are cut
into pieces and burnt.” After saying this, he kicked his horse with his heel and
reached Sayyiduna Imam Hussain it. He said to Imam Hussain , O son of
Rasoolullah My life be sacrificed for you! I am that sinner who hindered you
from returning to your homeland, I escorted you and eventually, I forced you to stop
on this land. By the One besides Whom there is none worthy of worship, I never
thought that these people would reject all your propositions and it was beyond my
comprehension that the situation would deteriorate to such an extent that we would
be embroiled in a war). By Allah, if I had known that these people would not accept
your requests, I would never have supported them. I am extremely remorseful due
to my actions. I repent in the court of Allah and I am present to sacrifice my life at
your feet. Shall I be granted pardon?’ Imam Hussain le replied that Allah would
accept his repentance and would forgive his sins. “Congratulations! You are Hurr
(free) in this world and in the hereafter. Descend from your horse.” Hurr stated that
it was better to remain mounted on the horse in order to support Imam Hussain

rather than descending from the horse. Hurr said that he would only descend from
the horse when he would be breathing his last breaths (as a Martyr). Imam Hussain
said, “Do as you wish. May Allah have mercy on you.”
(Al-Tibri Volume 2 Page 260)
Hurr Addresses Ahl-Ul-Kufah
As soon as he gained pardon from Sayyiduna Imam Hussain , Hurr rushed to
the battlefield where he addressed Ahl-ul-Kufah firstly in a calm and soft natured
manner. “O people, why don’t you accept one of the three propositions put forward
by Hussain eta so that Allah may prevent you from being embroiled in
against Imam Hussain der Ahl-ul-Kufah said, “Our commander-in-chief, Amr
Ibn Sa’d, is present, discuss this with him.” Ibn Sa’d said that if things were to
develop according to his discretion then one of Imam Hussain’s propositions would
definitely be accepted. Hurr was angered by this and he said, “O people of Kufah!
May Allah destroy you as you invited the grandson of the Holy Prophet  and
when he arrived, you handed him over to the enemy. You used to claim that you
were prepared to sacrifice your lives for his sake but now you are attacking him
in order to take his life. You captured him, surrounded him from all four corners,
you prevented him from those paths of peace and security which he was seeking
in this wide and spacious world of Allah and he is now almost like a prisoner in
your hands. You have prevented Imam Hussain, his wives, his children and all his
companions from the flowing water of the Euphrates. The non-Muslims such as
the Jews, Christians, and fire-worshippers have access to the water but the family
of Rasoolullah is being denied access to the water. Even the animals such as
dogs and pigs have access to the water of the Euphrates but Imam Hussain and his
companions et are longing for the water. How disgraceful is your treatment of
Rasoolullah’s children after his departure from this world? If you do not repent at
this moment and refrain from your (horrible) intentions, on the day of judgement,
Allah shall make you anxious and restless through thirst.” Because Ahl-ul-Kufah
could not answer the objections raised by Hurr, they began to shoot arrows towards
Hurr. When Hurr saw this, he terminated his discussion and returned to Imam
Hussain due to the fact that the battle had not yet begun. (At-Tibri Volume 2
Page 260)

The Commencement Of The Battle
When Hurr returned to Imam Hussain ons, Amr Ibn Sa’d moved the army forward
and ordered his slave, Dhoo Yad, who was the flag holder of the army to bring forth
the flag. Dhoo Yad came and stood near Ibn Sa’d. He joined his arrow with his bow
and faced the Hussaini army saying to his followers, “Be witnesses to the fact that
I was the first to shoot an arrow.” Upon hearing these words of their commander,
excitement and passion overcame the soldiers and all of them began to shoot arrows
towards the army of the Ahl-ul-Bait. Hence the battle began and soldiers from both
sides came out in order to show their bravery. Firstly, Yasaar and Saalim who were
the freed slaves of Ziyaad and Ibn Ziyaad, arose from the side of Ahl-ul-Kufah and
came onto the battlefield calling out anyone from the other side to come and compete
with them. Two of Imam Hussain’s devoted companions, Habeeb Ibn Muzaahir and
Borair Ibn Hudhair, arose but Imam Hussain stopped them. Upon seeing this,
Abdullah Ibn Omair Al-Kalbi, who had come with his wife Umm Wahb in order
to assist Imam Hussain , arose and sought permission to fight. Imam Hussain
assessed Abdullah Ibn Omair carefully from head till toe and then realised that he
was young, strong and robust. Imam Hussain allowed him to go onto the battlefield
if he wished to do so. Abdullah Ibn Omair Al-Kalbi went alone on the battlefield to
compete with Yasaar and Saalim who asked him who he was. Abdullah informed
them of his name and his lineage. Yasaar and Saalim remarked how they did not
know him and it was their desire that Zohair Ibn Qain, Habeeb Ibn Muzaahir or
Borair Ibn Hudhair should have come forward to fight them. Yasaar was in front
of Saalim at that time. Abdullah said, “O son of an unchaste woman! You find it
disgraceful to fight against me?” Whilst saying this, he attacked Yasaar with such
a hard strike that Yasaar went cold on the first blow (i.e. he died). Saalim then
suddenly attacked Abdullah, leaping onto him. Abdullah defended himself from
Saalim’s sword using his left hand which resulted in the fingers of his left hand
being cut but Abdullah attacked Saalim with such a harsh blow using his right hand
that Saalim fell onto the ground and became a heap. Passionately, Abdullah Ibn
Omair recited a verse which meant, “If you don’t recognise me then do so now. I am
a son of the Kalb tribe. In order to understand my lineage, it is enough to know that
my household is the ‘Olaim family. I am very strong and during times of trouble, I
do not lack spirit.”

Upon seeing her husband’s passion, Abdullah’s wife also became passionate and
she grabbed some timber from the camp and charged forward exclaiming, “My
mother and father are sacrificed upon you! Continue to fight for the grandson of
Rasoolullah .” Abdullah approached his wife and attempted to encourage her
to return to the camp but she was not prepared to accept. Abdullah was carrying a
sword in his right hand which was drenched with the blood of the enemy whilst the
fingers on his left hand had been cut and blood was flowing from them. Abdullah
tried with all his might to force his wife to return to the camp but this excited
woman was not prepared to do so. She exclaimed, “I shall not leave your side. I
shall sacrifice my life with you.” Imam Hussain cho called out to them both, “May
Allah reward you both on behalf of the family of Allah’s Messenger. Lady, please
return to the camp. Fighting is not obligatory upon women.” Obeying the command
of Imam Hussain , Abdullah’s wife returned to the camp.
(At-Tibri Volume 2 Page 262)


The Miracles of Imam Hussain at Karbala
The Miracles of Imam Hussain in Karbala
A man named Malik Ibn Urwah, who was an enemy of the Ahl-ul-Bait, came before
Sayyiduna Imam Hussain making his horse jump. When he saw that around
the army of Imam Hussain, fire was fuming from the trenches and he saw that the
flames were high and thus through this scheme, the people within the camps were
being protected, this undignified and spiritually and morally bankrupt human being,
said to Imam Hussain, “O Hussain, before the fire of that place (i.e. The Hellfire)
you have kindled a fire here.” Imam Hussain replied,
– كذبت يا عدو الله
You have lied, oh enemy of Allah.” This was because he was making a ridiculous
claim that Imam Hussain on would enter the Hellfire. (May Allah preserve us
from such misguided and ridiculous beliefs). Sayyiduna Muslim Ibn Owsajah was
enraged by this remark of that wretched individual and he sought permission to shoot
an arrow towards the mouth of this ridiculous human being. Imam Hussain todid
not grant Sayyiduna Muslim Ibn Owsajah permission to do this but he prayed that
Allah punish the man with the fire of the Earth before punishing him with the fire
of Hell. As soon as Imam Hussain made this supplication, the feet of Malik Ibn
Urwah’s horse got stuck in a hole which caused him to fall off his horse. As Malik
was falling off the horse, his foot got entangled by the stirrup of the horse. The
horse now dragged him and flung him into the fire of the trenches. Imam Hussain
performed a Sajdah of Shukr (gratitude) and also praised and glorified Allah for
punishing an individual who hated the Ahl-ul-Bait.
When Imam Hussain praised Allah, a person shouted from the lines of the enemy,
“What connection is there between you and the Holy Prophet Hotels 2 This sentence
was extremely hurtful for Imam Hussain te, who prayed that Allah should
encompass this foul-mouthed individual with disgrace. As the Imam supplicated
in the court of his Lord, that man received the call of nature. The man descended
from his horse and found a place where, in order to answer the call of nature, he
sat down whilst naked. A black scorpion stung him and he began to jump up and
down whilst impure until he disgracefully died in this state in front of his fellow
comrades. These heartless individuals still had no realisation.

moving in
A Mazni approached Imam Hussain and said, “Look how the waves are
and you shall be ruined whilst you are thirsty.” Imam Hussain said in regards to this
the Euphrates. By Allah, you shall not receive a drop of water from the Euphrates
– اللهم امته عطشانا
“O Allah kill him whilst he is thirsty.” The Mazni’s horse jumped and Mazni fell
whilst his horse fled. The Mazni chased after the horse but was overcome with
thirst. He shouted, bell ball – “Thirst, thirst.” When water was placed near his
mouth, not even a drop would enter until he eventually died due to the severity of
this thirst. (Swaanih Karbala Page 106)
Imam Hussain’s greatness was not only proven from the Qur’anic scriptures and
the Ahaadeeth but moreover, Allah blessed him with miraculous and transcendental
characteristics which testified to the huge virtue and excellence that the grandson of
the Holy Prophet Montes possessed. This manifestation of the great Imam’s excellence
was a way of concluding the argument as it was calling out to the people that they
should realise that the one whose prayers are accepted in such a manner is surely
beloved to Allah therefore, competing against him is in essence waging war against
Allah. Thus the Yazeedis were being given a chance to consider the outcome of
their actions but they, who were the physical manifestation of wickedness, did not
learn from this sign of Allah.
The Bravery And Eventual Martyrdom Of
Imam Hussain’s Companions
Yazeed Ibn Ma’qal came onto the battlefield from the Kufi side whilst Borair Ibn
Hudhair came onto the battlefield from the Hussaini side and Borair struck Yazeed
so harshly on the head that the sword cut through his helmet and reached his brain.
Yazeed fell down on the spot. Suddenly, Radhi leaped onto Borair and both of them
began to wrestle. Eventually, Borair managed to bring Radhi down and Borair was
on the chest of Radhi when Ka’b ran towards Borair and stabbed him on the back


The Miracles of Imam Hussain at Karbala
with a spear. Borair was then martyred. After this, Hurr came out from Imam
Hussain’s side and he was to fight against Yazeed Ibn Sufyan. Hurr managed to
kill him with one strike. After Hurr, Nafi’ Ibn Hilaal moved forward from Imam
Hussain’s army and he fought against Muzaahim Ibn Horaith. Nafi’killed Muzaahim.
The battle continued for a while in this manner with one soldier coming onto the
battlefield from each side. Amazingly, whichever soldier would come from the Kufi
army would not leave the battlefield alive. Upon seeing this condition, Amr Ibn
Hajjaaj screamed at Ahl-ul-Kufah, “O foolish people, you do not know against
whom you are fighting. These people (who you are fighting against) love death
more than life. Never face them one after the other (individually but moreover, fight
against them in groups).” Amr Ibn Sa’d admired this view and he ordered that the
tactics be altered. Amr Ibn Hajjaaj then organised a sweeping attack on the right-wing of Imam Hussain’s army along with a division from the Kufi army. The battle
lasted a while and Imam Hussain’s devoted companion, Muslim Ibn Owsajah was
Shimar thereafter attacked the left-wing of Imam Hussain’s army with a huge
troop. Whilst Shimar was attacking the left-wing, the Yazeedi army began to break
upon the companions of Imam Hussain the from all four corners. There was a
powerful battle. Imam Hussain etwas accompanied by 32 horsemen. Wherever
these horsemen would face towards, they would scatter the lines of Ahl-ul-
Kufah’s soldiers until eventually, the entire Yazeedi army was confused. Ibn Sa’d
immediately sent 500 archers who shot many arrows towards the Hussaini army
injuring all the horses and rendering them disabled. In spite of this, the devotees
of Imam Hussain the did not lose their spirit as they descended from their horses
and fought bravely and selflessly puzzling the Yazeedi army. Ayyub Ibn Mosharrih
Al-Khayawani used to explain how Hurr fought courageously when Ayyub shot an
arrow towards Hurr’s horse and the arrow went straight down the horse’s throat.
The horse fell down but Hurr jumped from it like a lion and pulling out his sword,
he came onto the battlefield. Hurr recited a verse at this point which meant, “If you
have disabled my horse, what difference does it make? I am Hurr, the lion. I am
brave and noble.” Ibn Mashrah also used to say that he had never seen anyone fight
with a sword-like Hurr.” (At-Tibri Volume 2 Page 267)

When the beginning time of Salah-tudh-Dhuhr began, Imam Hussain #wa
requested that the Kufis be told that they should provide time in which Imam
Hussain and his followers could perform Salaah. The disgraceful Haseen Ibn
Nomar answered that Imam Hussain’s Salaah would not be accepted. Habeeb Ibn
Muzaahir said to Haseen, “You fool. Do you think that the Salaah of the grandson of
Allah’s Messengers will not be accepted whilst your Salaah shall be accepted
Ibn Numair angrily attacked Habeeb. Habeeb saved Imam Hussain the and then
quickly struck Ibn Nomair’s horse on its mouth which made the horse jump up,
Ibn Numair fell from the back of the horse when it jumped up out of pain but the
Kufis saved Ibn Nomair by rushing towards him and grabbing him. After that, many
Kulis surrounded Habeeb and Habeeb fearlessly fought them for a long time but
it was quite clear that one man could not tackle a huge group of people for a very
long period of time. When Habeeb was tired of competing, a Tameemi struck him
with an arrow which caused Habeeb to stumble and fall. Habeeb was about to rise
when Ibn Nomair attacked him with a sword causing him to once again fall. The
Tameemi then descended from the horse and severed the head of Habeeb.
The martyrdom of Habeeb had caused a huge emotional effect upon the heart of
Imam Hussain . Imam Hussain said, “I have handed over my life and the life of
my companions to Allah the Almighty.” When Hurr saw that Imam Hussain et
was aggrieved, he left towards the battlefield along with Zohair Ibn Qain singing
inspirational war songs. Both of them fought harshly. When one of them would
attack the
enemy and then find himself surrounded by the enemy, the other one would
come to his rescue. In this way, both men continued to practice swordsmanship until
finally a huge army surrounded Hurr and martyred him. Zohair was now left alone
but he also continued to fight the enemy until eventually, he was also martyred
during combat. (A1-Tibri Volume 2 Page 271)
انا الله وانا اليه راجعون


The Miracles of Imam Hussain at Karbala
The Unique Courage Of The Hashimi Youth And
Their Martyrdom
One of the great accomplishments of Imam Hussain’s companions was the fact that
they did not allow anyone from Banu Hashim to fight as long as even one of them
was alive. They did not allow the children and nephews of Imam Hussain
as well as other members of the Hashimi tribe to go onto the battlefield in their
presence. Furthermore, the companions of Imam Hussain as ensured that no
injury was caused to Imam Hussain in their presence. Even though so many arrows
were shot towards the Hussaini people from the Kufi side but in spite of this, one
cannot find within the historical sources any evidence of any Hashimi being injured
by any shots during the presence of Imam Hussain’s companions on Earth.
After the friends and followers of Sayyiduna Imam Hussain had all been
martyred, the time arrived for the lions of Sayyiduna Ali, the beloveds of Sayyidah
Fatimah Az-Zahra and the flesh and blood of Allah’s Messenger to compete
against the enemy. As soon as the Hashimis arrived on the battlefield, the hearts of
extremely courageous soldiers even began to tremble and beat fast and the strikes of
these ‘lions of Allah’caused even the most powerful warrior to scream out in agony.
They showed such great ability in warfare that the entire Karbala was covered with
the blood of the enemy and the Kufis attested to the fact that their entire army
would have been destroyed by only one youth from the Hashimi household had the
Hashimis not been deprived of water for three days.
The Martyrdom Of Aqeel’s Children
Sayyiduna Abdullah Ibn Muslim Ibn Aqeel sought permission in the court of Imam
Hussain in order to sacrifice his life in the way of the truth. Imam Hussain’s a
eyes were filled with tears upon hearing this and he said, “My son, how can I permit
you to go when the trauma of being separated from your father has still not gone
from my heart?” Sayyiduna Abdullah Ibn Muslims said that he was impatiently

looking forward to seeing his father. Imam Hussain es allowed Sayyiduna
Abdullah Ibn Muslim me to go onto the battlefield after seeing his immense
passion for Shahadah. This Hashimi youth called out to the enemy when he
reached the battlefield. Qudaamah Ibn Asad, who was considered to be extremely
brave by Ahl-ul-Kufah, arrived onto the battlefield in order to fight Abdullah Ibn
Muslim. For a while, both of them were attempting to attack each other with their
swords until eventually, Abdullah attacked Qudaamah so severely that Qudaamah
fell onto the ground. No one else dared to come before Sayyiduna Abdullah Ibn
Muslim therefore, Qudaamah continued to fight against Sayyiduna Abdullah alone.
Sayyiduna Abdullah attacked Qudaamah like a lion attacks his prey. Sayyiduna
Abdullah scattered the enemy lines, injuring many of them and sending many into
the fire of Hell. Nawfal Ibn Muzaahim Al-Homairi attacked Sayyiduna Abdullah
with a spear and naged to martyr Sayyiduna Abdullah Ibn Muslim edilen
Sayyiduna Ja’far Ibn Aqeel te arrived tearfully onto the battlefield due to the
martyrdom of his nephew, Abdullah Ibn Muslim. Sayyiduna Ja’far recited an
inspirational poem which meant, “I am a dweller of Makkah, from the Hashimi
lineage and I am from a victorious household. Indeed we are the masters of all
tribes and Hussain is the most pure human being on Earth.” Sayyiduna Ja’far Ibn
Aqeel began to fight with such power and might that numerous Yazeedis were
being killed. When the enemy realised that it could not compete against him using
swords, they shot arrows from all around him until Sayyiduna Ja’far Ibn Aqeel like
was eventually killed by the arrow of Abdullah Ibn ‘Azrah.
Sayyiduna Abdul Rahman Ibn Aqeel became restless upon seeing his brother being
martyred and he leapt onto the Kufis like a hungry lion and massacred many of
the wretched Kufis. Othman Ibn Khalid Al-Jahni and Bishr Ibn Sawt Al-Hamdani
together martyred Sayyiduna Abdul Rahman Ibn Aqeel
In the same way, Sayyiduna Abdullah Ibn Aqeel showed great courage on the
the battlefield after witnessing the martyrdom of his two brothers killing many of the
Kufis until he was killed by Othman Ibn Aseem Al-Jahni and Bishr Ibn Sawt Al-

The Martyrdom Of Sayyiduna Ali’s Children

Ameer-ul-Mu’mineen Sayyiduna Ali Ibn Abi Taalib’s son, Sayyiduna Muhammad
Ibn Alimentos, who was from the womb of Asmaa’ Bint Khath’amiyyah, received
permission from Sayyiduna Imam Hussain and he reached the battlefield. He
fought bravely and managed to kill many Kufis. During the battle, a man from the
Banu Abaan tribe wounded Sayyiduna Muhammad Ibn Ali and when Sayyiduna
Muhammad fell, this man chopped off the head of Sayyiduna Muhammad.
Sayyiduna Othman Ibn Ali, Sayyiduna Abdullah Ibn Ali and Sayyiduna Ja’far Ibn Ali
then arose in order to fight. These three children of Ummul Baneen and Sayyiduna
Ali had a lot of devotion for Sayyiduna Imam Hussain . When Shimar was
about to leave towards Karbala from Kufah with the letter of Obaidullah Ibn Ziyaad,
the nephew of Ummul Baneen, Abdullah Ibn Abi Mahal, who was an influential
personality in Kufah, arose and he explained to Ibn Ziyaad that the children of a
woman from his tribe (i.e. Ummul Baneen) were with Hussain and he was wishing
that they would be granted protection (Amaan). Ibn Ziyaad wrote a notification of
protection and safety for the four children of Ummul Baneen, Sayyiduna Abbas
, and the other three months. Abdullah Ibn Abi Mahal sent this notification with his
freed slave, Kazmaan, to Karbala. Kazmaan reached Karbala and informed these
people that a notification of immunity and protection for them had been written
by their cousin, Abdullah Ibn Abi Mahal. These four enthusiastic and courageous
personalities said at once that Kazmaan should convey their greetings to their cousin
brother and inform him that they did need his protection as the protection of Allah
was sufficient for them.
Shimar Dhil Jawshan was also from the tribe of Ummul Baneen. When Shimar
returned from Kufah and handed over Ibn Ziyaad’s letter to Amr Ibn Sa’d, he
shouted towards the Hussaini army, “Where are the sons of our sister?” The
children of Sayyiduna Ali and Ummul Baneen arose and asked what he wished
to say. Shimar said that there was protection and immunity for them. These great
strugglers in the path of Allah answered, “May the curse of Allah be upon you and
your ‘protection’ in which there is protection for us but not for the grandson of
Allah’s Messenger .” (At-Tibri Volume 2 Page 245)

Sayyiduna Abbaste’s three brothers then proceeded to the battlefield and each
of them outweighed the Kufis. With the power bestowed upon them by Allah,
they made the enemy lines disorganized and they displayed the fighting methods
of their great father which left the enemies amazed. Sayyiduna Othman, Abdullah, and Ja’far, the children of Sayyiduna Ali, injured and killed many Yazeedis before
sacrificing their lives for the sake of Allah and His Rasool
The Martyrdom of Sayyiduna Qasim
A fragrant rose from the garden of Hashim, Sayyiduna Qasim, who was the son
of Sayyiduna Imam Hasan and who was engaged to Sayyidah Sakeenah, the
daughter of Sayyiduna Imam Hussain , stood before Imam Hussain tea at
the age of 19 and sought permission to sacrifice his life for the sake of justice and
truth. Imam Hussain said, “Son, you are a reminder of Imam Hasan. How can I
permit you to become the target of arrows and how can I bear to see you cut by the
swords of the enemy?” Sayyiduna Qasim requested, “Uncle, permit me to fight the
enemies. Please do not deprive me of the honor of being sacrificed for you.” When
Sayyiduna Qasim continually insisted, Imam Hussain tearfully hugged him
and bid him farewell.
A soldier from the enemy side claimed that when Sayyiduna Qasim came onto
the battlefield, it was almost as though a part of the moon had risen before them.
Sayyiduna Qasim was not wearing armor, he came attired in his normal clothes.
He had a huge passion for martyrdom. Sayyiduna Qasim said, “O enemies of Islam,
I am Qasim Ibn Hasan Ibn Ali. Bring forth whoever you wish to bring forth in
order to compete with me.” Amr Ibn Sa’d commanded a famous warrior, Arzaq,
to compete against Sayyiduna Qasim. Arzaq said that he could never fight against
a child like Sayyiduna Qasim because he viewed this as an insult. Ibn Sa’d said,
“Do not disesteem him, he is the son of Hasan and the grandson of the Faatih of
Khaybar. It is not easy to fight him.” Arzaq said that he could never compete against
this child but he had four sons who were present and he would send one of them.
He arrogantly claimed that his son would return quickly after chopping off the head
of Sayyiduna Qasim dhe

Arzaq’s eldest son arrived roaring like thunder onto the battlefield with an expensive
sword that had been polished with poison. As soon as he arrived on the battled,
he struck Sayyiduna Qasim, Sayyiduna Qasım managed to avoid being hurt by
the strike and thereafter, struck him with his sword. The eldest son of Arzaq fell
down on the first strike of Sayyiduna Qasima . Sayyiduna Qasim sprung forward
and snatched the sword of his enemy.
The second son of Arzaq came forth in a very aggressive manner after seeing his
brother restlessly lying in a pool of blood. Sayyiduna Qasim also killed him with
one strike. Thereafter, the third brother came forth furiously and was swearing
at Sayyiduna Qasim. Sayyiduna Qasim replied that it was against the dignity of
the Ahl-ul-Bait to swear at anyone therefore, Sayyiduna Qasim would answer the
derogatory language by sending the man into the fire of Hell jut like he had done
to his brothers. Saying this, Sayyiduna Qasim killed him, separating him into two
The fourth son of Arzaq came onto the battlefield roaring like a lion and attacked
Sayyiduna Qasim. Sayyiduna Qasim rendered his attack useless and struck him
on his shoulders in such a way that he fell down facing the ground and with all his
might, he attempted to rise when Sayyiduna Qasim separated his lead from his
When this brave Hashimi (i.. Sayyiduna Qasim) killed all four of Arzaq’s sons,
thus destroying all his arrogance, Arzaq trembled due to his rage and the person
with whom he had previously viewed fighting against as a disgrace, he was now
impatient to fight him. He came onto the battlefield screaming out like an elephant
and roaring like a lion. He challenged Sayyiduna Qasim that he would kill Sayyiduna
Qasim. Sayyiduna Qasim replied, “Arzaq, maintain sense. You are only a mountain
of power in the eyes of others. You have not seen the brave Hashimis. In our veins,
the blood of Allah’s licn (Sayyiduna Ali) is circulating. Your status in our eyes is so
low that it does not even equate to the status of a fly or a mosquito.” Upon hearing
this taunt, Arzaq was angered even more and he attacked Sayyiduna Qasim with
a spear. For a while, both men fought using spears until eventually, when Arzaq
pulled out his sword, Sayyiduna Qasim also pulled out his sword. When Arzaq saw
his son’s sword in the hand of Sayyiduna Qasim, he asked where Sayyiduna Qasim

had got the sword from. Sayyiduna Qasim enten said whilst laughing that Arzaq’s
son had given it to Sayyiduna Qasim so that Sayyiduna Qasim could use it to send
Arzaq to the grave along with his sons. Arzaq was outraged by this and he was
about to attack Sayyiduna Qasim when Sayyiduna Qasime said to him under
the rule of ass w11-‘War is deceptive,’ that he had always heard that Arzaq
was a skilled warrior but it was apparent that Arzaq was extremely inexperienced.
Sayyiduna Qasim said, “You do not even know how to tighten the saddle of your
horse.” Arzaq looked down towards the saddle of his horse and Sayyiduna Qasim
struck him so fiercely that his body fell onto the ground separated into two parts.
Sayyiduna Qasim rode on the sword of Arzaq and moved towards the camps and
said to Sayyiduna Imam Hussain
يا عماه العطش العطش
“O uncle, thirst, thirst! Uncle, if I could be given a bit of water to drink, I could kill
all the enemies.” Imam Hussain said to Sayyiduna Qasim that he should be patient
for a while as it was soon that he would be saturated with the water of Al-Kawthar
from the blessed hands of Allah’s beloved it and thereafter, he would never feel
thirsty. Sayyiduna Qasim once again returned to the battlefield. Ibn Sa’d discussed
how this youngster had killed many of their famous youth and therefore, it was
incumbent upon them not to fight him individually. Instead, they were to surround
him and then kill him. The enemies surrounded Sayyiduna Qasim from all four
corners and a forceful battle began. Sayyiduna Qasim received 29 wounds on his
body and finally, Sheeth Ibn Sa’d attacked him on his chest with a spear so severely
that Sayyiduna Qasim fell off his horse. Sayyiduna Qasim exclaimed, oslobos 4 –
“O uncle, come and find out about me!” Upon hearing his nephew’s painful voice,
Imam Hussain ran towards him and found that the beloved body of his nephew
was covered with wounds. Imam Hussain placed Sayyiduna Qasim’s head onto his
lap and began to clean the dust from his nephew’s blessed face. Sayyiduna Qasim
opened his eyes and smiled to see that his head was lying on the blessed lap of
Imam Hussain tea and then his soul ascended (to heaven).

The Martyrdom Of Sayyiduna Abbas
The emotional time arrived when the flag holder of Sayyiduna Imam Hussain
Sayyiduna Abbas teher sought permission to go into the battlefield. Sayyiduna
stated, “Brother, all our brothers and nephews have attained martyrdom
in the state of extreme hunger and thirst but I can not bear to see these innocent
little infants’ restlessness and hear their sobbing due to thirst and hunger. Give me
permission to go to the Euphrates and bring a pot of water for these children in
order to quench their thirst.” Tears began to flow from the eyes of Imam Hussain
who said, “Brother Abbas, you are my flag holder. Who shall raise my banner
and bandage my injured body if you are martyred during your attempt to bring
water?” Sayyiduna Abbas said, “My life be sacrificed for you. Please allow me to
bring water as the thirst of the children is making me restless. It is my final desire
that I meet my brothers after giving these beloveds of Allah’s Messenger some
water.” When Sayyiduna Imam Hussain selain saw the persistency of Sayyiduna
Abbas, he tearfully hugged him and permitted him to go. Sayyiduna Abbas et
place a pot on his shoulder and riding on his horse, he went towards the Euphrates.
When the Yazidi army saw Sayyiduna Abbas et arriving towards the Euphrates,
they halted him. Sayyiduna Abbas said to them, “О Ahl-ul-Kufah, fear Allah
and have humility before the Messengers. It is extremely shameful that you
wrote uncountable letters to the grandson of Allah’s Messengers and when he
arrived on your land after bearing the difficulties of travelling, you were disloyal to
him. You joined forces with the enemies and you killed all Imam Hussain’s relatives
and friends. You are teasing innocent infants by forbidding even a drop of water
from reaching them. On the day of judgment, what face shall you show to the
grandfather of Imam Hussain?” The Kufis replied that even if the entire world was
to be flooded with water, they would not allow Imam Hussain on and his family
to drink even a drop until they pledged allegiance to Yazeed. Sayyiduna Abbas
became passionate upon hearing this answer of the tyrants. He explained to them
that Imam Hussain was prepared to have his head cut off but he could never bow his
head before falsehood. Sayyiduna Abbas tore upon the enemy and he killed many
of the enemies using his sword until he drew closer to the Euphrates. The army

that was surrounding the water stood like an iron wall before him but this lion of
Allah’s lion charged at the soldiers, cutting through the lines until eventually, his
horse entered the Euphrates. Sayyiduna Abbas filled the pot and he was about to take
a handful of water and drink some water but then he remembered the small infants
restlessness and crying. His faith could not allow him to drink water whilst the
innocent beloveds of Allah’s Messengers were trembling due to thirst. Sayyiduna
Abbas de poured the handful of water back into the river and placed the water-
pot on his left shoulder. Voices could be heard from all four corners saying, “Block
the way! Grab the pot! Spill the water! If water reaches Hussain’s camp then not
one of our soldiers shall remain alive. All our women shall become widows and
our children shall be orphaned.” Sayyiduna Abbas was attempting in the midst of
this uproar to somehow make the water each the Ahl-ul-Bait. When the enemies
surrounded Sayyiduna Abbas from all four corners, he attacked them like a lion.
Corpse upon corpse was falling and drains of blood were flowing. Sayyiduna
Abbas et en proved that the power of his father was in his arm and the blood of his
father was flowing through his veins.
Sayyiduna Abbas continued to push the enemies aside and proceed towards the
camp when a man called Zaraarah deceitfully attacked Sayyiduna Abbas
from behind him and caused Sayyiduna Abbas’ left arm to be separated from his
shoulders through his vicious strike. Sayyiduna Abbas placed the pot on his
right shoulder and continued to fight with his right hand as well until Nawfai Ibn
Arzaq cut off Sayyiduna Abbas’ right hand as well. Sayyiduna Abbas ele now
held the pot with his teeth but the pot was not destined to reach the Hussaini camp.
One of the enemies’ arrows hit the pot in such a way that the pot broke and all the
water spilt. The enemies surrounded Sayyiduna Abbas and wounded his entire
body. Eventually, Sayyiduna Abbas one fell off the horse’s saddlc. He exclaimed,
coisalolly – “O my brother come and find out about me.” Imam Hussain karan
in order to check on Sayyiduna Abbas cena. He saw that his flag holder, Sayyiduna
Abbas he was covered in blood and was about to be blessed with the station of
martyrdom. Due to extreme sorrow, Imam Hussain said,
الأن انكسر ظهري
“Now my backbone has been broken.”

As Sayyiduna Imam Hussain was taking the body of Sayyiduna Abbas to the
camp (by lifting it on his shoulders), Sayyiduna Abbas’ soul left this world.
انا الله وانا اليه راجعون
The Martyrdɔm Oi Sayyiduna Ali Akbar
The beloved son of Sayyiduna Imam Hussain, who had a resemblance to the
Messenger of Allah Sayyiduna Ali Akbarestood before his father in
order to be allowed to go onto the battlefield. With love and adoration, Sayyiduna
Imam Hussain looked towards his son and said, “For which thing should I grant
you permission? Should I permit you to become a target of the enemy’s arrows
or should I allow you to be cut ty the enemy’s swords? Son, do not go onto the
battlefield. I shall go as they are thirsty for my blood. After killing me, they shall not
clash with anyone else.” Ali Akbar explained that he did not wish to remain alive
after Imam Hussain had departed from this world and therefore, he wished to
be permitted to enter Jannah and meet the Messenger of Allah. This was a son
whose requests had never been rejected but today he was seeking permission to
have his head cut off and be drenched in blood. How could any father permit this?
If the father was to refuse, he would leave behind a child who was heartbroken and
who would always carry the burden of not defending Islam on the battlefield in
his heart. When Sayyiduna Ali Akbar’s insistence increased, Imam Hussain had to
somehow accept the fact that he would have to permit his son to defend justice and
peace on the battlefield.
When Sayyiduna Ali Akbarete prepared to go onto the battlefield, Sayyiduna
Imam Hussain seated him on the horse, helped his pot on the ai mour, placed a
steel helmet on his head tied a beit around his waist, placed a sword around his
Tieck and gave him the snear from his own blessed hands. The young Ali Akbar
conveyed final greetings of peace and mercy to his father and the women who were
in the camp and then proceeded to the battlefield.
This 18-year-old youth whose blessed facial features rezninded people of the Holy

Messenger, arrived on the battlefield and looked towards the enemy lines. He
raised the Dhul Fiqaar and recited this verse,
انا علی بن حسین بن على
نحن اهل البيت اولى بالنبي
‘I am Ali son of Hussain who is the son of Ali.
We are the Ahl-ul-Bait who are closest to the Prophet
Upon this verse of Sayyiduna Ali Akbar, every part of Karbala and every atom of
the Kufah desert must have trembled but the Yazeedis, whose hearts were more
harsh than stones were not affected by these words.
Sayyiduna Ali Akbar called out, “O oppressors! If you are thirsty for our blood
then whosoever amongst you is courageous should come forth and challenge me.”
Who could be brave enough to face this lion of Allah individually? After calling
out many times but finding that no one was coming forth, Sayyiduna Ali Akbar
charged forward and attacked the enemy lines. Wherever he turned towards,
Sayyiduna Ali Akbar would manage to scatter the enemies who would attempt to
escape danger and upon every strike, he would kill the demonized Yazeedi youth.
He would attack the right-wing of the army causing its organization to become
chaotic as every soldier would run for his life then he would attack the left-wing
causing its lines to be disorganized and unstructured. At other times, he would move
into the heart of the enemy (the center) where he would display such great talent
in swordsmanship that he would defeat many of the enemies. The great bold and
brave warriors from the Yazeedi side were defeated and many were disheartened.
It was not the attack of a Hashimi lion but moreover, it was the fury of Allah which
was descending upon these Yazeedi tyrants.
Fighting in this scorching heat on a hot desert made Sayyiduna Ali Akbar restless
due to thirst. Sayyiduna Ali Akbar returned and said to Imam Hussain eta
یا ابتاه العطش

“Father, thirst!” Surely if Sayyiduna Ali Akbar was to be given a glass of water,
he would defeat the entire Yazeedi army. Imam Hussain witnessed the severe
thirst of his son but he was unable to provide him with water as the Euphrates had
been blocked off by the Yazidis. With his blessed hand, Imam Hussain wiped
the face of Sayyiduna Ali Akbar and placed his ring in the mouth of Sayyiduna Ali
Akbar. Thereafter, he said, “Son, do not worry. The time for your saturation is near.
Soon you shall drink such water from the well of Al-Kawthar that you shall never
be troubled by thirst again.”
From the words of his father, Sayyiduna Ali Akbar , received some consolation.
Thereafter, he went onto the battlefield and exclaimed,
– هل من مبارز؟
“Is there
Amr Ibn Sa’d said to the warrior, Tariq Ibn Sheeth that it was shameful to see that
a young man was stood alone on the battlefield waiting for someone to fight against
him whilst there were thousands of warriors on the other side who were reluctant
to attack him. When he first came onto the battlefield, this young man called out
and when no-one came to battle with him, he moved forward and attacked the army
defeating its strongest warriors. Ibn Sa’d expressed his astonishment at the fact that
Sayyiduna Ali Akbar het was hungry and thirsty as well as tired due to fighting for
so long in the blazing heat but in spite of this, he was inviting someone to fight with
him but no-one was prepared to stand against him. Ibn Sa’d said, “Shame on your
claim of bravery. If you have the ability then go on to the battlefield and kill him.
If you manage to accomplish this, I promise that I shall help you to be appointed as
the Governor of Mosul by Ibn Ziyaad.” Tariq charged towards Sayyiduna Ali Akbar
due to his desire for becoming a governor and as soon as he reached Sayyiduna
Ali Akbar, Ibn Sheeth attacked Sayyiduna Ali Akbar but the great Hashimi lion
defended himself skillfully and stabbed Tariq in the chest with a spear with such
force that the spear went through his stomach and came out of his back causing him
to fall off his horse. The master, Ali Akbar, managed to trample Tariq.
When Amr Ibn Tariq saw his father being killed in this manner, he furiously arose

and attacked Sayyidina Ali Akbar. With one strike, Sayyiduna Ali Akbar defeated
him. Taihah Ibn Tariq then attacked Sayyiduna Ali Akbar in order to avenge the
deaths of his father and brother. Sayyiduna Ali Akbar sent him to the grave as well.
Sayyiduna Ali Akbar’s awe made the entire Yazeedi army quiver.
Ibn Sa’d then sent a famous warrior, Misraa’ Ibn Ghalib, in order to compete against
Sayyiduna Ali Akbar. Misraa’ stretched his spear and wished to attack Sayyiduna
Ali Akbar too. Then, Sayyiduna Ali Akbar broke his spear into two pieces
with his sword, and thereafter, he struck Misraa’ on the head with his sword in
such a manner that Misraa’ fell onto the ground, separated into two parts. No-one
now dared to stand before Sayyiduna Ali Akbar individually. Ibn Sa’d finally sent
Muhkam Ibn Tofail in the company of 1000 horsemen in order to collectively attack
Sayyiduna Ali Akbar. These unfortunate individuals surrounded Sayyiduna
Ali Akbare and attacked him. Sayyidura Ali Akbar retaliated and continued to
kill many of his enemies but his entire body was wounded due to the continuous
attacks upon him with swords and spears and this fragrant flower from the garden.
of Az-Zahra was drenched in blood. Eventually, he fell off the saddle of his horse
exclaiming, al. – “O father, come and find out about me.” Sayyiduna
Imam Hussain ek went quickly onto the battlefield with his horse and brought his
beloved son to the camp. Sayyiduna Imam Hussain et placed his son’s head on
his knee and began to wipe the dust from his bloody head. Sayyiduna Ali Akbar opened
eyes and was delighted to see his father for the last time. Thereafter, his eyes
closed and he left towards eternal paradise.
انا لالله وانا اليه راجعون
The Martyrdom Of Sayyiduna Ali Asghar
Sayyiduna Ali Asghar was the extremely small infart child of Sayyiduna Imam
Hussain. This innocent child was restless due to thirst. The hungry and thirsty
mother of Sayyiduna Ali Asghar en found that her breasts were dry. There was
not even a drop of water available in the camp. This poor boy’s tongue was sticking
out, he was continuously moving his feet and continuously crying. Sayyiduna Ali

Asghar’s mother could not bear to see her son in this state of agitation and therefore,
she took him to Imam Hussain tea and told her husband, “I cannot bear to see our
son in this stite any longer. When he cries it is as though my liver is cut into pieces.
Take him and show his condition to the oppressors. Maybe those hardhearted souls
shall have compassion upon this innocent child and provide him something to
Imam Hussain et held the child next to his chest and proceeded towards the
Yazeedis. He said to them, ” you who recite the Kalimah, this is my youngest
son who is breathing his last breaths due to dehydration. He spreads his minute
hands towards you and is seeking a bit of water to drink. If anyone is a criminal
in your eyes, it is me not this child. Therefore you should allow him to have a
drink of water. If there is any compassion in your heart, you should give this child
something to drink.” These words of Sayyiduna Imam Hussain be had no effect
upon these hardhearted tyrants and they had no pity for a child who couldn’t even
speak due to his infancy. Instead of providing water, a wretched individual named
‘Harmalah Ibn Kaahil’ shot an arrow towards Sayvidura Ali Asghar. The arrow
pierced through his throat and ended up next to the arm of Imam Hussain
When Imam Hussain cpu!led the arrow from Sayyiduna Ali Asghar’s throat, a
spring of blood began to flow fröm his small neck and this beloved boy restlessly
sacrificed his life whilst in the hands of his father.
Imam Hussain raised his aggrieved eyes towards the skies and said, “Lord!
Accept this small sacrifice of Ali Asghar.” Then he took the small body of his
beloved son back to the camp. When the body of her son was placed on the lap of
Sayyiduna Ali Asghar’s mother, placed him against her chest crying due to the
loss of her son. She said, ‘Son, hold on to my chest for! shall not have the chance
to place you against my chest again.”

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