The Hajj starts on the 8th Zil Hajj and ends on the 12th Zil Hajj of every Hijri year. These are known as the Five Days of Hajj. Rites and functions performed during these five days are described here.

Hajj may be performed in three ways

  1. IFRAD ie. Hajj alone

2 OIRAN i.e. Hajj and Umrah in one Ahram during the Hajj season

  1. TAMATTU ie. Hajj and Umrah separately in two Ahrams during the Hajj season. It is necessary to make the intention clear as to the type of Haj when putting on the Ahram because once you make an intention, you are not allowed to change it




It is called Yavm-e-Tarwiyya. If you are performing Qiran or Ifrad Hali. then you are already in Ahram, which you wore at Meeqaat.

If you are performing Tamattu Haij and you have put off your Ahram after performing Umrah during Haj season, then you should again put on Ahram on the 7th or 8th Zil Haji for Haj For this purpose take a bath, put on two white unsewn sheets, go to Haram Sharif and after offering two raka’at Naf of Ahram, make the intention for Ahram of Haj, It the time of Namaaz is makrooh, then the invention may be made after Farz Namaaz, without the Nati of Ahram.

if you want to perform the Saee of Haj before Vaqoof of Arafa then perform a Nafl Tawaaf with Ramal and Iztibah and then perform Saee with the particular intention of Saee of Haij But to perform the Saee of Haj after the Tawaal of Ziyarat is better.

On this day, you leave Makkah tor Mina after sunrise in the echoing atmosphere of Lab-baik Al-laa-hum-ma Lab-baik. You feel yourself in an angelic world, wave after wave of human races from all over the world, wave and flood towards the barren plain of Mina Speaking various dialects, they are all told in the Sacred dress Ahram and utter the Heavenly call of Lab-bak.

This is the living miracle of the unity of slam. Reach Mina preferably in the forenoon and after five Namaaz from Zuhar of the 8th to Fajr of 9h Zi Ha The Namaaz should preferably be at- ended in Mas a-e-Khaif, in Mina where Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam stayed and offered Namaaz But t you are afraid of losing your camp then offer the Namaaz with Jamaat in your camp The old and weak and women should not go out of the camp.

unnecessarily, because there are hundreds of lost cases every year When you go out of the camp, make sure that you have the card of your Mualim. Devote your stay n Mina to prayers, Darood Shant and Astaglaar. Repent from past sins and resolve timely to lead a pious lite accord- ng to the command of Allah the Almighty and the Traditions of Allah s Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam).




It is called Yavm-e-Vagoof or Yaum-e- Arafa. This is the main day of Have You pack up your luggage for passing an afternoon in Arafat and night in the open plain of Muzdalifa.

One blanket, dry food, water-can and prayer booklets are the essentials of this journey. Start from Mina after sunrise, preferably after offering Ishraq Namaaz in Masjid-e-Khaif.

The distance from Mina to Arafat via Muzdalifa is about five miles which may be covered on foot, and that is better You can use a vehicle also. Reach Arafat before mid-day for Vaqoof, which is Sunnat. Take rest before noon in your camp. When Zawaal sets in, you may go to Masjid-e-Namrah, and attend the Khutba, which is recited before the combined Namaaz of Zuhar and Asr. After the Khutba, two raka’at Zuhar Farz is offered with Jamaat and then the Imam leads the prayer for two raka’at Farz of Asr with another Takbeer.

If you are not going to Masjid-e-Namrah then offer the Zuhar and Asr Namaaz separately in your tent at their respective times. As there are many chances of getting lost in Arafat, it is better to offer your prayers in your tent.

From the Fajr Namaaz of the 9th Zil Hajj till the Asr Namaaz of the 13th Zil Haj, say takbeer after every Namaaz:


This is a very important day. Do not talk unnecessarily. Do lots of du’aa. Do Zikr. Recite the first, third, and fourth Kalima. Recite 100 times Astagfaar, 100 times Fourth Kalima, 100 times Darood-e Ibrahim, and 100 times Surah Ikhlas with Bis-mil-lah.

Do a lot of du’aa. In between du’aa recite Lab-baik.

Halting and standing in Arafat is the foremost Hajj rite, so much so that Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) is reported to have said, “Haj is halting in Arafat. (Tirmizi Sharif)

On this day when hundreds of thousands of people, clad in similar humble robes, stand in the plain of Arafat as pictures of humility and devotion, in the presence of Allah the Almighty, they indeed, for a short while, represent the scene of the Day of Rising, when all worldly distinctions will be leveled down and everyone will be waiting and standing in awe of the Divine Verdict If a person is not able to reach Arafat on the 9th of Zil Haj or any time during the day or night and stand there even for a little while, he will not be considered to have performed Haij at all.

If any of the other devotional acts like Tawaaf, Saee Rami, etc are missed, they can be recompensed, but there is no recompense for one’s absence from Arafat The longer the halt in Arafat, the better it is.

The pilgrim should stand there with the presence and remember that he is totally dependent on the Mercy of Allah for deliverance and that this is the only and perhaps the last opportunity for him to beg and implore Him for forgiveness. The pilgrim should, therefore, realize the importance of each moment of his stay in Arafat. Stressing the importance of excellence of halting in Arafat, Allah’s Messenger Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) has said,

There is no other day on which Allah relieves more people from Hellfire than He does on the Day of Arafat. On this day Allah draws nearest to the people and taking pride in His righteous servants, asks the angels, “Do you see what they desire?” (Muslim Sharif)

During the halt in the Plain of Arafat, one should constantly keep one’s whole attention turned towards Allah and make supplications to Him as often as one can. Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) has said, “The best of supplications is the one made in Arafat.” Start for Muzdalifa after sunset in Arafat.

without offering the Maghrib Namaaz. This will be offered with Isha Namaaz in Muzdalifa. If a person leaves Arafat territory before sunset, then a Dum is wajib on him and he should sacrifice one sheep or goat as a penalty. But if he returns before sunset, nothing is wajib. After keeping your baggage safely in Muzdalifa, offer the combined Maghrib and Isha Namaaz with Jamaat, preferably in Masjid Masharil Haraam. The blanket, dry food, and water brought from Arafat are required in Muzdalifa as about a million people pass this night in the open and barren plain of Muzdalifa.

The Night of Masharil Haraam is a very virtuous night. Therefore pass this Night with full prayers and devotion. Practically, people reach Muzdalifa two or three hours after sunset. You may take rest for 2-3 hours after Isha Namaaz and then get up for Tahajjud and other prayers till the time of Fajr. When the time of Fajr starts, offer the Fajr and observe Vaqoof of Muzdalifa reciting Darood, Astagfaar, and other prayers preferably near Jabal Qazah.

The time limit of Vaqoof of Muzdalifa is from dawn to sunrise on the tenth of Zil Hajj. Do lots of du’aa. In between du’aa recite Lab-baik. You should start from Muzdalifa to Mina only when a few minutes remain until sunrise. To start before dawn from Muzdalifa.

is not allowed except for old, weak persons and women, for fear of rush. Also, collect from Muzdalifa approximately 70 pebbles so as to pelt (7+21 +21) 49 pea-sized pebbles for Rami Jamar.




Start from Muzdalifa before sunrise and reach Mina in the forenoon to perform the rites.

After reaching Mina keep your baggage etc. safely in your camp and start to perform the rites, strictly in the following order. Without long rest in the camp, rush to strike seven pebbles on the third Jamrah known as Jamrat Al-Ugba (Big Shaitaan) before Zawaal. For ladies and weak persons, it is allowed to perform Rami up to sunset, otherwise Makrooh. Throw the pebbles one by one, and raising the right hand. Discontinue the Talbiyah with the first pebble on Jamrah.

         Recite the following prayer when throwing each pebble on the Jamrah:


In the name of Allah. Allah the Greatest, I strike the pebbles to Satan to secure the pleasure of Beneficent O my Lord Allah make my Haj accepted and my endeavor honored and my sins are forgiven.



After returning from Jamrah, go to Mazbah for sacrificing an animal. For a person (men or women) performing Tamattu or Qiran Haj, it is obligatory to sacrifice a sheep or goat or one-seventh share in a camel or bullock. It is Mustahab but not obligatory for persons performing Ifrad Haij. You can take the meat from your sacrifice for your use, this is Sunnat.


After sacrifice, you can put off the Ahram of Haj by Halaq, i.e. by shaving the head or shortening the hair as already described under Umrah. Women should cut their lock about an inch to put off the Ahram. Now you are free of Ahram restrictions and can use your normal dress and perfumes, etc. However, the husband2 wife relationship is still not allowed, unless you perform Tawaaf-e-Ziyarat.


It is better to perform this Tawaaf on the 10th Zil Hajj but it can be performed up to the Magrib of the 12th Zil Hajj. Go to Makkah Mukarrama on the 10th afternoon and perform a usual Tawaaf-e-Sadr. the band-wife relationship is still not allowed until both of them have performed Tawaaf-e-Ziyarat. After Tawaaf-e-Sadr returns from Makkah Mukarrama to pass at least two nights in Mina. This is a Sunnat. If you are still in Ahram, you should observe Iztibah and Ramal in Tawaaf of Ziyarat. If you have put off Ahram before coming to Makkah Mukarrama then Iztibah and Ramal are not required.


After Tawaaf of Ziyarat, perform a usual Saee with the particular intention of Saee of Haji Saee may be performed without Ahram. In case you have completed Saee of Hajj before Vaqoof of Arafat then no Saee is required now.




Devote the stay of Mina to praying and praising Allah. It is obligatory to pass the night of the 10th and 11th Zil Hajj in Mina and to perform Rami of the three Jamrat on the 11th and 12th Zil Haj after Zawaal. For Rami, go to Jamrat with more than twenty-one pebbles. Strike seven pebbles on 1st Jamrah reciting the prayer mentioned before and then stay facing Ka’aba near it for five minutes praying for your welfare, then proceed to the second Jamrah, strike seven pebbles and stay a few meters ahead of Jamrah for five-minute prayer and then proceed to the last Jamrah i.e. Jamrat al-Uqbah, strike seven pebbles and return to your camp without staying or praying after it For ladies and old persons it is allowed to perform the Rami even after sunset on 11th and 12th Zil Hajj otherwise it is makrooh.




Perform the Rami of the three Jamrat after Zawaal as performed on 11th Zil Hajj.


To return to Makkah Mukarrama from Mina after the Rami of the 12th is allowed but it is better to return after performing the Rami of 13th Zil Hajj in a similar way If a person intends to leave Mina on the 12th then he should leave it before sunset. Departure from Mina on the 12th after sunset is Makrooh. If a person stayed in Mina up to the dawn of the 13th Zil Haij, then it is obligatory for him to perform the Rami after the Zawaal of the 13th Zil Hajj.


The Rami on the 10th should be performed before Zawaal. It is Sunnat. It is also allowed from Zawaal to sunset. But it is makrooh after sunset and forbidden after the dawn of the 11th. If a person could not perform the Rami of the 10th up to the dawn of the 11th then a blood sacrifice is due to him as a penalty, which is known as Dum.

The time of Rami on the 11th, 12th, and 13th start from Zawaal to sunset, from sunset to the next dawn it is makrooh and forbidden after the dawn of the next day t a person could not perform it in the prescribed time, then a Dum is Wajib.


The sacrifice of an animal for Tamattu and Qiran Hajj should be performed from the dawn of the 10th to the sunset of the 12th Zil Haij, within the Haram territory preferably in Mina. If a person did it after this period or outside the Haram territory then a Dum will be Wajib HALAQ.

The head shaving or hair g shortening should be performed from dawn of the 10th to the sunset of the 12th within the Haram territory. Performing it after the prescribed period or outside the Haram territory will be subject to a Dum.

To perform Rami, Nahar, and Halaq in the same order is also wajib. If a person performed Halaq before Nahar or Rami after Halaq then a Dum will be wajib.


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