Hajj Simple Guide
Hajj is one of the five pillars of Islam. The yearly flood of pilgrims from the remotest places of Islam has been a remarkable means of spiritual renewal for distant communities, which are thus brought closer to the manifest center of Islam. Historically, the pilgrimage has been a means of knitting together the many races and nations that make the Muslim community, and there is no other event on earth that can compare with it.
musattai fard com (Sall for d that port AN HUMBLE PRAYER BIS-MIL-LAA-HIR-RAH-MAA-NIR-RA-HEEM o Allah! Please forgive us for errors, if any, in this article on Hajj in respect of Arabic text, its transliteration, and translation or any other errors O Allah I Please grant us forgiveness.
INTENTION OF HAJJ
There are three ways of performing the Hajj Haj at-Tamatt’u (Interrupted) This means entering into Ahram for the Umrah aking it off after performing the Umrah, and hen entering into Ahram again for the Haij People who come from other countries usually perform Haj at-Tamatt’u. Hajj al-Qiran (Combined) This means entering into Ahram for both the Umrah and he Haj at the same time, not taking off the Ahram until the day of sacrifice at Mina. Hajj al-Ifrad (Single) This means enter ng into Ahram only for the Hajj
The ibaadah of Haij has the exclusive status of being obligatory only once a lifetime, for those who can afford it. It is, therefore, important that the sincerity of intention must be given due regard. In other lbaadaat and devotions, it is possible to gradually develop devotion, whereas the time available for Haji is usually limited. The need for devotion is vital because a Fard Haj can never be repeated. During your journey to Haij, a concerted effort towards developing- ing this all-important sincerity must be made nthetual the s of slim it. The person who intends to perform Hajj must do so with the express intention of attaining Allah’s pleasure, and fulfill ones fard, and also to diligently carry out the commands of Allah and His Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam). The rewards for deeds depend greatly on the intention that is formed. Sincerity is extremely important. It is important that Hajj should be kept free of ulterior and worldly motives. There are three types of adulterations that are possible in the performance of Hajj.
To ruin the Haj even before departing from home by having a desire to be called a Haji, and using haraam or doubtful earnings for this ibaadah. To engage in improper acts while performing Haji, such as committing sins during the time that one is engaged in the performance of Haj, to have arguments, not to make Taubah (repentance) complete the Haj and then to indulge in such deeds that defile the Haj, e.g. to neglect the obligatory salaat, to indulge in sin, etc. Perform the Hajj with all its requisites, for anything done in keeping with this is well accomplished. While in Hajj do not do things to display to others. On returning from Hajj do not emphasize the difficulties which may have been endured, instead turn your attention towards the eternal benefits and rewards you will receive. One must understand that the difficulties endured during this sacred journey are insignificant compared to the high position one will receive in Paradise. When departing from home, the only intention in the heart should be the search for Allah’s Pleasure. All other evil intentions, as for example to show people or to wish to be called a Haji or the intention of having an enjoyable tour, should be completely removed from the mind.
CONDITIONS OF HAJJ
1. One must be a Muslim. 2. One must be an adult. 3. One must be sane. 4. A woman must travel with her husband or a Mahram (a man she cannot marry at all). 5. The pilgrim should have sufficient money for his journey as well as for his dependants whom he leaves at home Hajj is obligatory upon those who can make their way” to Makkah. That is to say that the requirement is not absolute but incumbent upon those whose health and means permit it, and who in doing so, do not compromise their responsibilities towards their families Hajj relates to the life of tests and trials lived by Prophet Hazrat Ibrahim (alaihissalam) and his son Prophet Hazrat Ismail (Alaihissalam) in the vicinity of Makkah.
INTENTION OF HAJJ
The most important factor of Haij is the intention to perform the Hajj only to please Allah and fulfill His command. It should not be mixed up with the slightest worldly interest.
BEFORE STARTING JOURNEY
Before leaving for the Journey for Hajj make your conscience feel that you are going for Hajj because Allah the Al- mighty is pleased with you and has paved the way for you to perform Hajj Perform Gusl and wear the Ahram clothes. Perform Wudu and offer these Nafl Namaaz: (1) 2 raka’at Shukrana Nafl (2) 2 raka’at Nafl-e-Tauba (3) 2 raka’at Nafl-e-Haajaat. (4) 2 raka’at Nafl-e-Safar
all (5) 2 raka’at Nafl with the intention of Umrah Ahram Give alms (Sadaqa) and request your neighbors, friends, and relatives to excuse you for your shortcomings and misbehavior towards them While stepping out of the house recite this du’aa:
BIS-MIL-LAA-HI WA BIL-LAA-HI WA TA-WAK-KAL-TU A-LAL-LAA-HI WA LAA HAV-LA WA LAA QUV-VA-TAIL LAA BIL-LAH AL-LAA-HUM-MA IN- NAA NA-00-Zu-BI-KA MIN AN NA- ZIL-LA AV NU-ZAL-LA AV NA-DIL-LA AV NU-DAL-LA AV NAZ-LA-MA AV NUZ-LA-MA AV NAJ-HA-LA AV YAJ- HA-LA A-LAI-NAA A-HAD
With the name of Allah and with the help of Allah and I trusted Allah, there is no power and might except Allah. C Allah! We seek refuge with You from committing an error or being led to commit an error, or going astray or being led to go astray, or oppressing or being oppressed, or acting ignorantly or being treated ignorantly And recite Darood Sharif extensively
Leave the home happily and do Allah’s remembrance extensively and have fear of Allah all the time. One should not get angry and should be tolerant, and should not lose calmness and dignity. One should not indulge in unnecessary talk At the time of leaving the home one should think that he is leaving the world. Before leaving the home one should recite this du’aa
AL-LAA-HUM-MA IN-NAA NA-ooze BI-KA MIN WA A-THAA-IS-SA-FA-RI WA KA-AA-BA-TIL MUN-QA-LA-BI WA SOO-IL MAN-ZA-RI FIL MAA-LI WAL AH-LI WAL WA-LAD
O Allah I seek Your protection from the hardships of this journey and a disastrous return home and from observing any unpleasantness in my family, property, and children (on my return home) Mina
His wealth, children and family will remain protected till he returns At that time recite Aayatul Kursi, Qul Yaa Ayyuhal Kaafiroon, Izaaja-a Qulhuwallah, Qul a-oozobi rabbil Falaq, Qul a-oozobi Rab-bin Naas, recite Bismillah before every Surah and again recite Bismillah after Surah Naas. His journey will be comfortable. At that time recite
IN-NAL-LA-ZEE-NA FA-RA-DA A- LAI-KAL QUR-AA-NAL RAD-DU-KA I-LAA MA-AAD
Undoubtedly, He who made Quraan obligatory on you will return you to the place of returning Once, he will return safely After boarding a train, bus or plane, on should recite
Bis-mil-laa-hir-rah-maa nir-ra-heem three times, Allahu Akbar three times, Alhamdulillah three times and Subhaanallah three times and Laa i-laa-ha il-Ial-lah once,
SUB-HAA-NAL-LA-ZEE SAKH-KHA- RA LA-NAA HAA-ZAA WA MAA KUN-NAA LA-HO0 MUQ-RI-NEE-NA WA IN-NAA I-LAA RAB-BI-NAA LA-MUN-QA-LI-BOON
Glory be to Allah Who has brought this vehicle, etc.) under our control though we’re unable to control it. Surely, we are to return to our Lord Then he will be safe from the turmoil of the conveyance. the tone is traveling by ship then recite this du’aa
BIS-MIL-LAA-HI MAJ-REE-HAA WA MUR-SAA-HAA IN-NA RAB-BEE LA GA-FOO-RUR-RA-HEEM
in the name of Allah be its mooring and eating. Without a doubt, my Lord is surely Oft-Forgiving and Most Merciful. He will remain safe from drowning Once you enter Ahram, it becomes imperative for a person to complete his Umrah or Hajj for which he had done Niyyat.
ONCE YOU ENTER AHRAM YOU ALSO HAVE TO FOLLOW THE RESTRICTIONS OF AHRAM. RESTRICTIONS OF AHRAM.
Do not apply perfume, do not eat or 1 drink anything with a strong smell. 2. Do not cut nails or uproot hair. . Do not kill lice or any other animals or insects. Do not clean dirt. Do not destroy or 3. Do not touch the face with the cloth, uproot grass. o not cover your face or head with ci Others (men). Women should cover their heads. 6. Avoid bad all gossips, rumors, lies bad words, etc.
7 No husband-wife relationship 8 Do not use stitched clothes (for men) Now while walking or moving around recite Lab-baik and strictly devote yourself to prayers and zikr
ON ENTERING MEEQAAT OR HARAM TERRITORY
When you enter the Haram territory, which is about 12 miles around Ka aba Sharif remember that this is the most sacred territory on the face of the earth and the hometown of Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam). Recollect your sins and evil deeds and think of the Mercy of Allah who selected and invited you as His guest to His Sacred Land Repenting from your sins and promising to lead a life of a true Momin, enter the Haram territory and recite the following du’aa:
Le AL-LAA-HUM-MA IN-NA HAA-ZAA HA-RA MU-KA WA NA RA MU RA SoO-LI-KA FA HAR-RIM LAH-MEE WA DA-MEE WA A-ZA-MEE A-LAN-NAARAL-LAA-HUM-MA AA-MIN NEE MIN A-ZAA-BI-KA YAV-MA TAB-A-SU I-BAA-DA KA WAJ-AL-NEE MIN AV-LI-YAA-KA WA AH-LI TAA-A-TI-KA WA-TUB A-LAIY-YA IN-NA-KA AN-TAT TAV VAA BUR-RA-HEEM
O Allah This sanitary is Thy sanctuary And that of Thy Prophet Forbid my flesh boines and blogs to the fire of Hel O my Lond Aliah, beseech Thee to secure me from Thy torment On the day Thou Resurrect Thy slaves include me among your friends and obedience Please pay attention towards me. Un undoubtedly You accept repentance and are Most Merciful Atter entering Makkah Mukarrama and leaving your luggage at the place of your stay, perform Gusl if possible or even Wudu will suffice, and then proceeding to Haram Shard. Enter the Haram Sharit with your right foot first through Baabus- Salaam (and keep your eyes lowered and do not raise them till you are right in front of the Ka’aba) and recite this dua
BIS-MIL-LAA-HI WAL-HAM-DU LIL-LAA-HI WAS-SA-LAA-TU WAS SA-LAA-MU A-LAA RA SOO-LIL- LAA-HI SAL-LAL-LAA-HU A-LAI-HI WA SAL-LAM
In the name of Allah, Praise be to Allah and Blessing and Peace on the Messenger of Allah, on whom be Peace and Blessings AL-LAA-HUM-MAF-TAH-LEE AB WAA-BA RAH-MA-TI-KA WA MAG-FI RA-TI-KA WAD-KHIL-NEE FEE-HAA O Allah open upon me the door of Thy Mercy and Forgiveness and grant me to enter in this Haram. BIS-MIL-LAA-HI DA-KHAL-TU WA A-LAI-HI TA-WAK-KAL-TU WA NA-WAI-TU SUN-NA-TAL I’-TI-KAAF In the name of Allah I am entering (Thy House) and with faith on Thee and with intention of Sunnatul ltikaaf (attending in Thy House, paths shown by Allah S Messenger Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam). Stoning the Jamrah
The first glance at the Kaaba is very important because it is the time for the acceptance of prayers. Therefore, be particular, to beseech Allah at this time or the betterment of yourself, your family members, your relatives, your friends, your acquaintances, in this world as well as the Hereafter, and recite this du’aa particularly
AL-LAA-HU AK-BAR O AL-LAA-HU AK-BAR O AL-LAA-HU AK-BAR O LAA-LAA-HA IL-LAL-LAA-HU WAL-LAA-HU AK-BAR
O Allah is Most Great, Allah is Most Great. None is worthy of worship except Allah Allah is Most Great This is the time for the acceptance of prayer THE TAWAAF OF ARRIVAL OR UMRAH The first thing after reaching Makkah is to perform the Tawaat of Arrival (for persons performing Hajj-e-lfrad) or Umrah (for persons performing Haji-e- Tamatt’u). If you have to perform Umrah then observe Iztibah (to take one end of the Ahram’s upper sheet from under the right armpit and drop it over the left shoulder) and Ramal (to walk with hastened pace moving the shoulders, in the first three circumambulations) in Tawaaf if you are performing Umrah, then you also have to perform Sa’ee and Halaq (for persons performing Hajl-e ction Tamattu) A S Sice: When you reach a bit to the left of
Hajjar-o-Aswad, stay there and Intense for performing Tawaaf. The intention should be made in the following words
BIS-MIL-LAA-HIR-RAH-MAA-NIR- RA-HEEM AL-LAA-HUM-MA IN-NEE UREE-DU TA-WAA-FA BAI-TI-KAL HA-RAA-M FA-YAS SIR-HU LEE WA TA-QAB- BAL-HU MIN-NEE SAB-A-TA ASH-WAA-TIN LIL-LAA-HI TA-AA- LAA AZ-ZA WA JAL
In the name of Allah Most Gracious, Most Merciful. O, Allah! intend to perform Tawaat (of Hali or Umrah or only Tawaat) of Thy Sacred House. Hence ease it for me and accept it from me The Tawaat of seven circuits, for Almighty Allah the Dignified Alter intention move towards the right and reach in front of the Hajjar o-Aswad and then raising the two hands up to ear- lobes say: In the name of Allah, If it is difficult to reach the Hajar-o Aswad without pushing other persons then raise the hands, palms facing Hajar-e Aswad and then kiss the two palms saying the above words. Then you walk slowly, calmly, and humbly towards Baab-o-Ka’aba and Hateom action
all circuiting the Holy Ka’aba and reciting the prayers of praise and glory of Allah