How to Perform ‘Hajj and Umrah | SIMPLE HAJJ GUIDE
Hajj is one of the five pillars of Islam. The yearly flood of pilgrims from the remotest places of Islam has been a remarkable means of spiritual renewal for distant communities, which are thus brought closer to the manifest center of Islam. Historically, the pilgrimage has been a means of knitting together the many races and nations that make the Muslim community, and there is no other event on earth that can compare with it.
TYPE OF HAJJ
There are three ways of performing the Hajj Haj at-Tamatt’u (Interrupted) This means entering into Ahram for the Umrah aking it off after performing the Umrah, and hen entering into Ahram again for the Haij People who come from other countries usually perform Haj at-Tamatt’u. Hajj al-Qiran (Combined) This means entering into Ahram for both the Umrah and the Hajj at the same time, not taking off the Ahram until the day of sacrifice at Mina. Hajj al-Ifrad (Single) This means enter into Ahram only for the Hajj.
INTENTION OF HAJJ
The Ibaadah of Haij has the exclusive status of being obligatory only once a lifetime, for those who can afford it. It is, therefore, important that the sincerity of intention must be given due regard. In other Ibaadaat and devotions, it is possible to gradually develop devotion, whereas the time available for Haji is usually limited.
The need for devotion is vital because a Fard Haj can never be repeated. During your journey to Haij, a concerted effort towards developing this all-important sincerity must be made n thetical the s of slim it. The person who intends to perform Hajj must do so with the express intention of attaining Allah’s pleasure, and fulfill one’s fard, and also to diligently carry out the commands of Allah and His Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam). The rewards for deeds depend greatly on the intention that is formed. Sincerity is extremely important. It is important that Hajj should be kept free of ulterior and worldly motives.
There are three types of adulterations which are possible in the performance of Haij.
To ruin the Haj even before departing from home by having a desire to be called a Haji and using haraam or doubtful earnings for this Ibaadah. To engage in improper acts while performing Haji, such as committing sins during the time that one is engaged in the performance of Haj, to have arguments, not to make Taubah (repentance) complete the Haj and then to indulge in such deeds that defile the Haj, e.g. to neglect the obligatory salaat, to indulge in sin, etc.
Perform the Hajj with all its requisites, for anything done in keeping with this is well accomplished. While in Hajj do not do things to display to others.
On returning from Hajj do not emphasize the difficulties which may have been endured, instead turn your attention towards the eternal benefits and rewards you will receive.
One must understand that the difficulties endured during this sacred journey are insignificant compared to the high position one will receive in Paradise.
When departing from home, the only intention in the heart should be the search for Allah’s Pleasure. All other evil intentions, as for example to show people or to wish to be called a Haji or the intention of having an enjoyable tour, should be completely removed from the mind.
CONDITIONS OF HAJJ
One must be a Muslim.One must be an adult.One must be sane.A woman must travel with her husband or a Mahram (a man she cannot marry at all).The pilgrim should have sufficient money for his journey as well as for his dependents whom he leaves at home Hajj is obligatory upon those who can make their way” to Makkah.
That is to say that the requirement is not absolute but incumbent upon those whose health and means permit it, and who in doing so, do not compromise their responsibilities towards their families Hajj relates to the life of tests and trials lived by Prophet Hazrat Ibrahim (Alaihissalam) and his son Prophet Hazrat Ismail (Alaihissalam) in the vicinity of Makkah.
The most important factor of Hajj is the intention to perform the Hajj only to please Allah and fulfill His command. It should not be mixed up with slightest worldly interest.
BEFORE STARTING JOURNEY
Before leaving for the Journey for Hajj make your conscience feel that you are going for Hajj because Allah the Almighty is pleased with you and has paved the way for you to perform Hajj Perform Ghusl and wear the Ahram clothes. Perform Wudu and offer these Nafl Namaaz:
- 2 raka’at Shukrana Nafl
- 2 raka’at Nafl-e-Tauba
- 2 raka’at Nafl-e-Haajaat.
- 2 raka’at Nafl-e-Safar
- 2 raka’at Nafl with the intention of Umrah Ahram Give alms (Sadaqa) and request your neighbors, friends, and relatives to excuse you for your shortcomings and misbehavior towards them. While stepping out of the house recite this du’a:
BIS-MIL-LAA-HI WA BIL-LAA-HI WA TA-WAK-KAL-TU A-LAL-LAA-HI WA LAA HAV-LA WA LAA QUV-VA-TAIL LAA BIL-LAH AL-LAA-HUM-MA IN- NAA NA-00-zU-BI-KA MIN AN NA- ZIL-LA AV NU-ZAL-LA AV NA-DIL-LA AV NU-DAL-LA AV NAZ-LA-MA AV NUZ-LA-MA AV NAJ-HA-LA AV YAJ- HA-LA A-LAI-NAA A-HAD
(With the name of Allah and with the help of Allah and I trusted Allah, there is no power and might except Allah. O, Allah! We seek refuge with You from committing an error or being led to commit an error, or going astray or being led to go astray, or oppressing or being oppressed, or acting ignorantly or being treated ignorantly.)
And recite Darood Sharif extensively Leave the home happily and do Allah’s remembrance extensively and have fear of Allah all the time.
One should not get angry and should be tolerant, and should not lose calmness and dignity.
One should not indulge in unnecessary talk At the time of leaving the home one should think that he is leaving the world. Before leaving the home one should recite this du’a:
ALLAAHUMMA INNAA NAOOZUBIKA MIN WA A-THAA-IS-SA-FA-RI WA KA-AA-BA-TIL MUN-QA-LA-BI WA SOO-IL MAN-ZA-RI FIL MAA-LI WAL AH-LI WAL WA-LAD O
(Allah, I seek Your protection from the hardships of this journey and disastrous return home and from observing any unpleasantness in my family, property, and children. (on my return home)
His wealth, children and family will remain protected till he returns At that time recite Aayatul Kursi, Qul Yaa Ayyuhal Kaafiroon, Izaaja-a Qulhuwallah, Qul a-oozobi Rabbil Falaq, Qul a-oozobi Rab-bin Naas, recite Bismillah before every Surah and again recite Bismillah after Surah Naas. His journey will be comfortable. At that time recite:
IN-NAL-LA-ZEE-NA FA-RA-DA A- LAI-KAL QUR-AA-NAL RAD-DU-KA I-LAA MA-AAD
Undoubtedly, He who made Quraan obligatory on you will return you to the place of returning Once, he will return safely After boarding a train, bus or plane, on should recite:Bis-mil-laa-hir-rah-maa nir-ra-heem three times, Allahu Akbar three times, Alhamdulillah three times and Subhaanallah three times and Laa i-laa-ha il-Ial-lah once, then recite
SUB-HAA-NAL-LA-ZEE SAKH-KHA- RA LA-NAA HAA-ZAA WA MAA KUN-NAA LA-HO0 MUQ-RI-NEE-NA WA IN-NAA I-LAA RAB-BI-NAA LA-MUN-QA-LI-BOON
(Glory be to Allah who has brought this vehicle etc.) under our control though were unable to control it. Surely, we are to return to our Lord. Then he will be safe from the turmoil of the conveyance. if one is traveling by ship then recite this du’aa:
BIS-MIL-LAA-HI MAJ-REE-HAA WA MUR-SAA-HAA IN-NA RAB-BEE LA GA-FOO-RUR-RA-HEEM
(in the name of Allah be its mooring and resting. Without a doubt, my Lord is surely Oft-Forgiving and Most Merciful. He will remain safe from drowning)
Once you enter Ahram, it becomes imperative for a person to complete his Umrah or Hajj for which he had done Niyyat.
THE RESTRICTIONS OF AHRAM
ONCE YOU ENTER AHRAM YOU ALSO HAVE TO FOLLOW
- Do not apply perfume, do not eat or drink anything with a strong smell.
- Do not cut nails or uproot hair.
- Do not kill lice or any other animals or insects.
- Do not clean dirt. Do not destroy or uproot grass.
- Do not touch the face with the cloth. not cover your face or head with clothes (men). Women should cover their heads.
- Avoid bad all gossips, rumors, lies bad words, etc.
- No husband-wife relationship
- Do not use stitched clothes (for men) Now while walking or moving around recite Labbaik and strictly devote yourself to prayers and zikr.
ON ENTERING MEEQAAT OR HARAM TERRITORY
When you enter the Haram territory, which is about 12 miles around Ka aba Sharif remember that this is the most sacred territory on the face of the earth and the hometown of Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam).
Recollect your sins and evil deeds and think of the Mercy of Allah who selected and invited you as His guest to His Sacred Land Repenting from your sins and promising to lead an life of a true Momin, enter the Haram territory and recite the following dua:
AL-LAA-HUM-MA IN-NA HAA-ZAA HA-RA MU-KA WA NA RA MU RA SoO-LI-KA FA HAR-RIM LAH-MEE WA DA-MEE WA A-ZA-MEE A-LAN-NAARAL-LAA-HUM-MA AA-MIN NEE MIN A-ZAA-BI-KA YAV-MA TAB-A-SU I-BAA-DA KA WAJ-AL-NEE MIN AV-LI-YAA-KA WA AH-LI TAA-A-TI-KA WA-TUB A-LAIY-YA IN-NA-KA AN-TAT TAV VAA BUR-RA-HEEM.
(O Allah This sanctuary Thy sanctuary and that of Thy Prophet Forbid my flesh bones and bloods to the fire of Hel. O my Lond Aliah, beseech Thee to secure me from Thy torment on the day Thou Resurrect Thy slaves include me among your friends and obedience Please pay attention towards me. undoubtedly You accept repentance and are Most Merciful Atter entering Makkah Mukarrama and leaving your luggage at the place of your stay, perform Gusl if possible or even Wudu will suffice, and then proceed to Haram Shard.
Enter the Haram Sharif with your right foot first through Baabus- Salaam (and keep your eyes lowered and do not raise them till you are right in front of the Ka’aba) and recite this duan
BIS-MIL-LAA-HI WAL-HAM-DU LIL-LAA-HI WAS-SA-LAA-TU WAS SA-LAA-MU A-LAA RA SOO-LIL- LAA-HI SAL-LAL-LAA-HU A-LAI-HI WA SAL-LAM
In the name of Allah, Praise be to Allah and Blessing and Peace on the Messen- ger of Allah, on whom be Peace and Blessings
AL-LAA-HUM-MAF-TAH-LEE AB WAA-BA RAH-MA-TI-KA WA MAG-FI RA-TI-KA WAD-KHIL-NEE FEE-HAA
(O Allah open upon me the door of Thy Mercy and Forgiveness and grant me to enter in this Haram.)
BIS-MIL-LAA-HI DA-KHAL-TU WA A-LAI-HI TA-WAK-KAL-TU WA NA-WAI-TU SUN-NA-TAL I’-TI-KAAF
(In the name of Allah I am entering (Thy House) and with faith on Thee and with intention of Sunnatul ltikaaf (attending in Thy House, paths shown by Allah S Messenger Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Saliam).
The first glance of the Kaaba is very important because it is the time for the acceptance of prayers. Therefore, be particular, to beseech Allah at this time or the betterment of yourself, your family members, your relatives, your friends, your acquaintances, in this world as well as the Hereafter, and re- cite this du’aa particularly
AL-LAA-HU AK-BAR O AL-LAA-HU AK-BAR O AL-LAA-HU AK-BAR O LAA-LAA-HA IL-LAL-LAA-HU WAL-LAA-HU AK-BAR
(O Allah is Most Great, Allah is Most Great Allah is Most Great. None is worthy of worship except Allah.
Allah is Most Great This is the time for the acceptance of prayer.)
THE TAWAAF OF ARRIVAL OR UMRAH
The first thing after reaching Makkah is to perform the Tawaat of Arrival (for per- sons performing Hajj-e-lfrad) or Umrah (for persons performing Haji-e- Tamatt’u).
If you have to perform Umrah then observe Iztibah (to take one end of the Ahram’s upper sheet from under the right armpit and drop it over the left shoulder) and Ramal (to walk with has- tened pace moving the shoulders, in the first three circumambulations) in Tawaaf if you are performing Umrah, then you also have to perform Sa’ee and Halaq (for persons performing Hajl-e ction Tamattu) A S Sice :
When you reach a bit to the left of HaJjar-o-Aswad, stay there and Intene for performing Tawaaf. The intention should be made in the following words
BIS-MIL-LAA-HIR-RAH-MAA-NIR- RA-HEEM AL-LAA-HUM-MA IN-NEE UREE-DU TA-WAA-FA BAI-TI-KAL HA-RAA-M FA-YAS SIR-HU LEE WA TA-QAB- BAL-HU MIN-NEE SAB-A-TA ASH-WAA-TIN LIL-LAA-HI TA-AA- LAA AZ-ZA WA JAL
(In the name of Allah Most Gracious, Most Merciful. O Allah! intend to per- form Tawaat (of Hali or Umrah or only Tawaat) of Thy Sacred House. Hence ease it for me and accept it from me The Tawaat of soven circuits, for Al mighty Allah the Dignified Alter intention move towards right and reach in front of the Hajjar o-Aswad and then raising the two hands up to ear- lobes say : In the name of Allah, If it is difficult to reach the Hajar-o Aswad without pushing other persons then raise the hands, palms facing Hajar-e Aswad and then kiss the two palms saying the above words. Then you walk slowly, calmly and humbly towards Baab-o-Ka’aba and Hateem all circuiting the Holy Ka’aba and reciting the prayers of praise and glory of Allah.
FIVE DAYS OF HAJJ
The Hajj starts on 8th Zil Hajj and ends on 12th Zil Hajj of every Hijri year. These are known as the Five days of Hajj. Rites and functions performed during these five days are described here.
Hajj may be performed in three ways
- IFRAD i.e. Hajj alone
2 OIRAN i.e. Hajj and Umrah in one Ahram during the Hajj season
- TAMATTU i.e. Hajj and Umrah separately in two Ahrams during the Hajj season. It is necessary to make the intention clearly as to the type of Haj when putting on the Ahram because once you make an intention, you are not allowed to change it.
8TH ZIL-HAJJ THE FIRST DAY
It is called Yavm-e-Tarwiyya. If you are performing Qiran or Ifrad Hali. then you are already in Ahram, which you wore at Meeqaat.
If you are performing Tamattu Haij and you have put off your Ahram after performing Umrah during Haj season, then you should again put on Ahram on 7th or 8th Zil Haji for Haj For this purpose take a bath, put on two white unsewn sheets, go to Haram Sharif and after offering two raka’at Naf of Ahram, make the intention for Ahram of Haj, It the time of Namaaz is makrooh, then the invention may be made after Farz Namaaz, without the Nati of Ahram.
if you want to perform the Saee of Haj before Vaqoof of Arafa then perform a Nafl Tawaaf with Ramal and Iztibah and then perform Saee with the particular intention of Saee of Haij but to perform the Saee of Haj atter the Tawaal of Ziyarat is better.
On this day, you leave Makkah tor Mina after sunrise in the echoing atmosphere of Lab-baik Al-laa-hum-ma Lab-baik. You feel yourself in an angelic world, wave after wave of human races from all over the world, wave and flood towards the barren plain of Mina Speaking various dialects, they are all told in the Sacred dress Ahram and utter the Heavenly call of Lab-bak.
This is the living miracle of the unity of slam. Reach Mina preferably in the forenoon and after five Namaaz from Zuhar of the 8th to Fajr of 9h Zi Ha The Namaaz should preferably be at- ended in Mas a-e-Khaif, in Mina where Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam stayed and offered Namaaz But t you are afraid of losing your camp then offer the Namaaz with Jamaat in your camp The old and weak and women should not go out of the camp.
unnecessarily, because there are hundreds of lost cases every year When you go out of the camp, make sure that you have the card of your Mualim. Devote your stay n Mina to prayers, Darood Shant and Astaglaar. Repent from past sins and resolve timely to lead a pious lite accord- ng to the command of Allah the Almighty and the Traditions of Allah s Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam).
9TH ZIL HAJJ THE SECOND DAY
It is called Yavm-e-Vagoof or Yaum-e- Arafa. This is the main day of Has You pack up your luggage for passing an afternoon in Arafat and night in the open plain of Muzdalifa.
One blanket, dry food, water-can and prayer booklets are the essentials of this journey. Start from Mina after sunrise, preferably after offering Ishraq Namaaz in Masjid-e-Khaif.
The distance from Mina to Arafat via Muzdalifa is about five miles which may be covered on foot, and that is better You can use a vehicle also. Reach Arafat before mid-day for Vaqoof, which is Sunnat. Take rest before noon in your camp. When Zawaal sets in, you may go to Masjid-e-Namrah, attend the Khutba, which is recited before the combined Namaaz of Zuhar and Asr. After the Khutba, two raka’at Zuhar Farz is offered with Jamaat and then the Imam leads the prayer for two raka’at Farz of Asr with another Takbeer.
If you are not going to Masjid-e-Namrah then offer the Zuhar and Asr Namaaz separately in your tent at their respective times. As there are many chances of getting lost in Arafat, it is better to offer your prayers in your tent.
From the Fajr Namaaz of 9th Zil Hajj till the Asr Namaaz of 13th Zil Haj, say takbeer after every Namaaz:
AL-LAA-HU AK-BAR AL-LAA-HU AK-BAR LA I-LAA-HA IL-LAL-LAA- HU WAL-LAA-HU AK-BAR AL-LAA HU AK-BAR WA-LIL-LAA-HIL-HAMD
This is a very important day. Do not talk unnecessarily. Do lots of du’aa. Do Zikr. Recite the first, third and fourth Kalima. Recite 100 times Astagfaar, 100 times fourth Kalima, 100 times Darood-e Ibrahim, 100 times Surah Ikhlas with Bis-mil-lah.
Do a lot of du’aa. In between du’aa recite Lab-baik.
Halting and standing in Arafat is the foremost Hajj rite, so much so that Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) is reported to have said, “Haj is halting in Arafat. (Tirmizi Sharif)
On this day when hundreds of thousands of people, clad in similar humble robes, stand in the plain of Arafat as pictures of humility and devotion, in the presence of Allah the Almighty, they indeed, for a short while, represent the scene of the Day of Rising, when all worldly distinctions will be leveled down and everyone will be waiting and standing in awe of the Divine Verdict If a person is not able to reach Arafat on the 9th of Zil Haj or any time during the day or night, and stand there even for a little while, he will not be considered to have performed Haij at all.
If any of the other devotional acts like Tawaaf, Saee Rami, etc are missed, they can be recompensed, but there is no recompense for one’s absence from Arafat the longer the halt in Arafat, the better it is.
The pilgrim should stand there with the presence and remember that he is totally dependent on the Mercy of Allah for deliverance and that this is the only and perhaps the last opportunity for him to beg and implore Him for forgiveness. The pilgrim should, therefore, realize the importance of each moment of his stay in Arafat. Stressing the importance of excellence of halting in Arafat, Allah’s Messenger Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) has said,
There is no other day on which Allah relieves more people from Hell-fire than He does on the Day of Arafat. On this day Allah draws nearest to the people and taking pride in His righteous servants, asks the angels, “Do you see what they desire?” (Muslim Sharif)
During the halt in the Plain of Arafat, one should constantly keep one’s whole attention turned towards Allah and make supplications to Him as often as one can. Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) has said, “The best of supplications is the one made in Arafat.” Start for Muzdalifa after sunset in Arafat.
without offering the Maghrib Namaaz. This will be offered with Isha Namaaz in Muzdalifa. If a person leaves Arafat territory before sunset, then a Dum is wajib on him and he should sacrifice one sheep or goat as a penalty. But if he returns before sunset, nothing is wajib. After keeping your baggage safely in Muzdalifa, offer the combined Maghrib and Isha Namaaz with Jamaat, preferably in Masjid Masharil Haraam. The blanket, dry food, and water brought from Arafat are required in Muzdalifa as about a million people pass this night in the open and barren plain of Muzdalifa.
The Night of Masharil Haraam is a very virtuous night. Therefore, pass this Night with full prayers and devotion. Practically, people reach Muzdalifa two or three hours after sunset. You may take rest for 2-3 hours after Isha Namaaz and then get up for Tahajjud and other prayers till the time of Fajr. When the time of Fajr starts, offer the Fajr and observe Vaqoof of Muzdalifa reciting Darood, Astagfaar and other prayers preferably near Jabal Qazah.
The time limit of Vaqoof of Muzdalifa is from dawn to sunrise on the tenth of Zil Hajj. Do lots of du’aa. In between du’aa recite Lab-baik. You should start from Muzdalifa to Mina only when few minutes remain for sunrise. To start before dawn from Muzdalifa.
is not allowed except for old, weak persons and women, for fear of rush. Also, collect from Muzdalifa approximately 70 pebbles so as to pelt (7+21 +21) 49 pea-sized pebbles for Rami Jamar.
10 TH ZIL HAJJ-THE THIRD DAY
Start from Muzdalifa before sunrise and reach Mina in the forenoon to perform the rites.
After reaching Mina keep your baggage etc. safely in your camp and start to perform the rites, strictly in the following order. Without long rest in the camp, rush to strike seven pebbles on the third Jamrah known as Jamrat Al-Ugba (Big Shaitaan) before Zawaal. For ladies and weak persons, it is allowed to perform Rami up to sunset, otherwise Makrooh. Throw the pebbles one by one, and raising the right hand. Discontinue the Talbiyah with the first pebble on Jamrah.
Recite the following prayer when throwing each pebble on the Jamrah:
BIS-MIL-LAA-HI AL-LAA-HU AK- BAR RA-GA-MAN LISH-SHAI-TAA-NI RI-DAN LIR-RAH-MAA-NI AL-LAA- HUM-MAJ-AL-HU HAJJ-JAM MAB- ROO-RAN WA SA’-YAM MASH-KOO-RAN WA ZAM-BAM-MAG-FOO-RAA.
In the name of Allah. Allah the Greatest, I strike the pebbles to Satan to secure the pleasure of Beneficent O my Lord Allah make my Haj accepted and my endeavor honored and my sins are forgiven.
ZABAH OR ANIMAL SACRIFICE
After returning from Jamrah, go to Mazbah for sacrificing an animal. For a person (men or women) performing Tamattu or Qiran Haj, it is obligatory to sacrifice a sheep or goat or one-seventh share in a camel or bullock. It is Mustahab but not obligatory for persons performing Ifrad Haij. You can take the meat from your sacrifice for your use, this is Sunnat.
After sacrifice, you can put off the Ahram of Haj by Halaq, i.e. by shaving the head or shortening the hair as already described under Umrah. Women should cut their lock about an inch to put off the Ahram. Now you are free of Ahram restrictions and can use your normal dress and perfumes, etc. However, the husband2 wife relationship is still not allowed, unless you perform Tawaaf-e-Ziyarat.
It is better to perform this Tawaaf on 10th Zil Hajj but it can be performed up to Magrib of 12th Zil Hajj. Go to Makkah Mukarrama on the 10th afternoon and perform a usual Tawaaf-e-Sadr. the band-wife relationship is still not allowed until both of them have performed Tawaaf-e-Ziyarat. After Tawaaf-e-Sadr return from Makkah Mukarrama to pass at least two nights in Mina. This is a Sunnat. If you are still in Ahram, you should observe Iztibah and Ramal in Tawaaf of Ziyarat. If you have put off Ahram before coming to Makkah Mukarrama then Iztibah and Ramal are not required.
SAEE OF HAJJ
After Tawaaf of Ziyarat, perform a usual Saee with the particular intention of Saee of Haji Saee may be performed without Ahram. In case you have completed Saee of Hajj before Vaqoof of Arafat then no Saee is required now.
11TH ZIL HAJJ -THE FOURTH DAY
Devote the stay of Mina to praying and praising Allah. It is obligatory to pass the night of 10th and 11th Zil Haij in Mina and to perform Rami of the three Jamrat on 11th and 12th Zil Haj after Zawaal. For Rami, go to Jamrat with more than twenty-one pebbles. Strike seven pebbles on 1st Jamrah reciting the prayer mentioned before and then stay facing Ka’aba near it for five minutes praying for your welfare, then proceed to second Jamrah, strike seven pebbles and stay a few meter ahead from Jamrah for five minute prayer and then proceed to the last Jamrah i.e. Jamrat al-Uqbah, strike seven pebbles and return to your camp without staying or praying after it For ladies and old persons it is allowed to perform the Rami even after sunset on 11th and 12th Zil Hajj otherwise it is makrooh.
12TH ZIL HAJJ-THE FIFTH DAY
Perform the Rami of the three Jamrat after Zawaal as performed on 11th Zil Hajj.
13TH ZIL HAJJ
To return to Makkah Mukarrama from Mina after the Rami of 12th is allowed but it is better to return after performing the Rami of 13th Zil Hajj in the similar way If a person intends to leave Mina on 12th then he should leave it before sunset. Departure from Mina on 12th after sunset is makrooh. If a person stayed in Mina up to the dawn of 13th Zil Haij, then it is obligatory on him to perform the Rami after Zawaal of 13th Zil Hajj.
The Rami on 10th should be performed before Zawaal. It is Sunnat. It is also allowed from Zawaal to sunset. But it is makrooh after sunset and forbidden after the dawn of 11th. If a person could not perform the Rami of 10th up to the dawn of 11th then a blood sacrifice is due to him as a penalty, which is known as Dum.
The time of Rami on 11th, 12th and 13th start from Zawaal to sunset, from sunset to next dawn it is makrooh and forbidden after the dawn of next day t a person could not perform it in the prescribed time, then a Dum is Wajib.
The sacrifice of an animal for Tamattu and Qiran Hajj should be performed from the dawn of 10th to the sunset of 12th Zil Haij, within the Haram territory preferably in Mina. If a person did it after this period or outside the Haram territory then a Dum will be Wajib HALAQ.
The head shaving or hair g shortening should be performed from dawn of the 10th to the sunset of 12th within the Haram territory. Performing it after the prescribed period or outside the Haram territory will be subject to a Dum.
To perform Rami, Nahar, and Halaq in the same order is also wajib. If a person performed Halaq before Nahar or Rami after Halaq then a Dum will be wajib.
Return from Mina to Makkah Mukarrama on 12th or 13th afternoon. Now your Hajj is complete. According to Hadis, whosoever performed Haij solely for Allah and did not resort to any lewdness or abuse, he returns from Hajj as innocent and sinless as he was on the day he was born. All your past sins are forgiven and you are like a newly born baby.
You are entering into a new phase of life. You should not forget the Benevolence of Allah, who selected you from among the millions of Muslims and honored you with the visit of His Holy House, the Abode of Prophets. You should not forget the promises made by you in Arafat to lead a pious life.
Now you are well aware of your responsibilities. If you will commit sins again, it will not only degrade you but also reflect on the whole society. After Hajj you should devote your maximum time to prayers in Makkah Mukarrama.
Nafl Umrah may be performed for your parents, relatives, teachers and offspring, dead or alive. in order to perform Nafl Umrah you have to perform Gusl then taking your Ahram you go to Masjid-e-Ayesha. There you put on the Ahram, offer two raka’at Nafl of Umrah and then come back to Haram Sharif and perform Tawaaf (with Iztibah and Ramal), Saee and Halaq Make intention for Umrah in the follow- ing words
AL-LAA-HUM-MA IN-NEE U-REE DUL UM-RAH O FA-YAS-SIR-HAA- LEE WA TA-QAB-BAL-HAA MIN- NEE O WA A-IN-NEE A-LAI-HAA WA BAA-RIK-LEE FEE-HAA NA- VAI-TUL UM-RA-TA WA AH-RAM- TU BI-HAA LIL-LAA-HI TA-AA- LAA
O, Allah! I have made the intention to perform Umrah, ease it for me and accept it from me and help me (to perform it) and make it full of blessings for me. I make the intention for Umrah and with it, I have put on the Ahram for the sake of Allah Ta’ala.
Similarly, Nafl Tawaaf may be performed for them. At least one full recitation of Qur’an may be completed during this period. Nafl Namaaz may also be offered for yourself. Be particular for five times Namaaz. (Do not forget that one Namaaz offered in Haram is equal to one hundred thousand Namaaz offered elsewhere)
TAWAAF-E-VIDA OR FAREWELL TAWAAF
When you decide finally to depart from Makkah Mukarrama and Haram, perform a farewell Tawaaf with full devotion Tears will well up in your eyes when you think that the Haram, the Ka’aba Multazim, Maqaam-e-Ibrahim, and Zamzam will be lost to you forever. Now you will be deprived of all this benevolence. Call Allah with tears in your eyes and sobbing voice at Multazim and say:
O, my Lord! I am Thy humble servant. It is Thy sheer benevolence that Thou called me here. O, my Lord! Call me here again and again. And record these words today at this Sacred Place. That I proclaim with my full belief and conscience. And from the depth of my heart.
My truth and the eternal truth. That there is none worthy of worship except Allah and Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) is His Messenger. O my Lord, record these words with the witness of the entire universe. O my Lord, bring me back again to this Sacred Place.
And if I could not come back again then preserve my covenant up to the Day of Resurrection. And make it a proof of my deliverance. O my Lord Allah, Bless me with thy pleasure. And guide me to lead to Thy Prophet, Peace be upon him, his offsprings and Companions After completing Tawaaf-e-Vida and for drinking Zamzam finally return to Hajar e-Aswad and kiss it thrice the last time with full reverence and love and return from it taking a last glance and reciting the following prayer:
AT-TA-BI-OO-NA HA- MI-DU A-LAA RA-BI- BI-NAA HAA-MI-DU NAA SA-DA-QAL LAA-HU WA DA-HU WA NA-SA-RA AB-DA- HU WA HA-ZA-MAL AH-ZA-BI WAD DA-HU
We are among those: who came, those who repented, prayed and Praised Allah, our Lord Who fulfilled His promise and gave victory to His servant. And defeated His foes alone.
TAWAAF, SAEE AND ITS METHOD
Each Tawaaf consists of seven circumambulations around the Ka’aba. The method to be followed in Tawaaf is as follows: Alter making the Niyyat for Tawaaf, come in front of Hajar-e-Aswad and kiss it and if it’s not possible to kiss it then point towards it and kiss the palms. Then raising your hands up to your ears recite this takbeer
BIS-MIL-LAA-HI AL-LAA-HU AK-BAR WA LIL-LAA-HIL-HAMD
In the name of Allah. Allah is Most Great and unto Allah praise As you finish reciting, drop your hands and start moving for the first circumambulation. Each circumambulation starts from Hajar-e-Aswad and for each of these there is a special prayer, prayer two or three times Yamaani towards Hajar-e-Aswad to start the next circumambulation, keep reciting the following du’aa till your reach Hajar-e-Aswad:
RAB-BA-NAA AA-TI-NAA FID-DUN-YAA HA-SA-NA-TANW WA FIL- AA-KHI-RA-TI HA-SA-NA-TANW WA QI-NAA A-ZAA-BAN-NAAR O WA AD-KHIL-NAL-JAN-NA-TA MA-AL-AB-RAAR O YAA A-ZEE-ZU YAA GAF-FAA-RU YAA RAB-BAL AA-LA-MEEN O
O my Lord Allah! Bless us in the world that which is good and in the Hereafter that which is good and save us from the torment of Fire and enter us in Paradise with the pious. O Mighty O Forgiver O Lord of the Universe.
DUA OF MULTAZIM
AL-LAA-HUM-MA YAA RAB-BAL-BAI-TIL A-TEE-QI A’-TIQ RI-QAA-BA NAA WA RI-QAA-BA AA-BAA-I-NAA WA UM-MA-HAA-TI-NAA WA IKH WAA-NI-NAA W AR O YAA ZAL-JOO-DI WAL-KA-RA-MI WAL-FAD-LI WAL MAN-NI WAL A-TAA-I WAL IH-SAAN o A AV-LAA-DI-NAA M-NAN-N AL-LAA-HUM-MA AH-SIN AA-QI-BA-TA-NAA FIL U-MOO-RI KUL-LI-HAA WA A-JIR-NAA MIN KHIZ-YID-DUN-YAA WA A-ZAA-BIL AA-KHI-RAH O AL-LAA-HUM-MA IN-NEE AB-DU-KA WAB-NU AB-DI-KA WAA-QI-FUN TAH-TA BAA-BI-KA MUL-TA-ZI-MUM BI-A-TAA-BI-KA MU-TA-ZAL-LI- 0 0 LUM BAI-NA YA-DAI-KA AR-JOO RAH-MA-TA-KA WA AKH-SHAA A-ZAA-BA-KA MI-NAN-NAA-RI YAA QA-DEE-MAL-IH-SAAN O AL-LAA- HUM-MA IN-NEE AS-A-LU-KA AN TAR-FA-A ZIK-REE WA TA-DA-A WIZ-REE WA TUS-LI-HA AM-REE WA TU-TAH-HI-RA QAL-BEE WA TU-NAV-VI-RA-LEE FEE QAB-REE WA TAG-FI-RA-LEE ZAM-BI O WA AS-A-LU-KAD-DA-RA-JAA-TIL-U-LAA MI-NAL JAN-NA-TI AA-MEEN
O Allah The Lord of this Ancient House. Free our necks and those of our parents, brothers, and offsprings from the Fire. O Allah The Beneficient, Munificient and Supreme O Owner of Bounty Grace, Favour and Kindness, let the consequences of our all affairs be for good and save us from the humiliation in this world and from the torment of the He Thy the son of Thy servant, standing beneath Thy door. Clinging with Thy threshold of Thy wrath. Humbly in Thy Presence. I pray for Thy Mercy and I fear of Thy punish thereafter. O Allah I am o the Ancient Lord of Favour.
O, Allah, I ask Thee to accept my praises and to free me from of sins. And to direct my affairs and purify my heart and enlighten my grave ament. my bu forgive my sins. O, Allah, I ask Thee the higher ranks in Paradise. Aameen
After Multazim, go to Maqam-e-Ibrahim which is in front of Babe-Ka’aba. Here offer two raka’at Namaaz wajib of Tawaaf.
If the time of Namaaz is makrooh, then delay this Namaaz till the proper time. If there is a rush at Maqam-e-Ibrahim then this Namaaz may be offered nearer to the place or anywhere inside the Haram territory.
If a person has delayed this Namaaz due to makrooh time, then he may perform another Tawaaf and offer the Namaaz of the two Tawaaf at the proper time.
When the makrooh time is over then Namaaz of tawaaf should be offered before any other Sunnat or Nafl Namaaz. Recite Surah Kafirun in the first raka’at and Surah Ikhlas in the second. Implore and beseech Allah for your betterment. This place is one of the appointed places of acceptance of prayers, then recite the following du’aa:
DUA OF MAKAAM-E-IBRAHIM
AL-LAA-HUM-MA IN-NA-KA TA’ LA-MU SIR-REE WA A-LAA NI-YA-TEE FAQ-BAL MA’-ZI-RA-TEE WA TA’-LA-MU HAA-JA-TEE FA A’-TI-NEE SU’-LEE WA TA’-LA-MU MAA FEE NAF-SEE FAG-FIR-LEE ZU-NOO-BI O AL-LAA-HUM-MA IN-NEE AS-A-LU-KA EE-MAA-NAY YU-BAA-SHI-RU QAL- BEE WA YA-QEE-NAN SAA-DI-QAN HAT-TAA A’-LA-MA AN-NA-HOO LAA YU-SEE-BU-NEE IL-LAA MAA KA-TAB-TA-LEE WA RI-DAM-MIN-KA BI-MAA QA-SAM-TA-LEE AN-TA WA-LIY-YEE FID-DUN-YAA WAL AA-KHI-RA-TI WAF-FA-NEE MUS-LI-MANW WA AL-HIQ-NEE BIS-SA-LI-HEEN HUM-MA LAA TA-DA LA-NAA FEE MA-QAA-M-NAA HAA-ZAA ZAM-BAN IL-LAA GA-FAR-TA-HU WA-LAA HAM-MAN IL-LAA FAR-RAJ-TA-HU WA LAA HAA-JA-TAN IL-LAA QA-DAI-TA-HAA WA YAS-SAR-TA-HAA FA-YAS SIR U-MOO-RA-NAA WASH-RAH SU-DOO-RA-NAA WA NAV-VIR Qu LOO-BA-NAA WAKH-TIM BIS-SAA-LI-HAA-TI A-MAA-LA-NAA AL-LAA- HUM-MA TA-WAF-FA-NAA MUS-LI-MEE-NA WA AL-HIQ-NAA BIS-SAA-LI- HEE-NA GAI-RA KHA-ZAA-YAA WA-LAA MAF-TOO-NEE-NA AA-MEEN YAA RAB-BAL AA-LA-MEEN O
O Allah Thou art aware of all what reveal and what I conceal. So accept my appeal of ness and Thou knoweth my needs. So grant me what I demand, And Thou knoweth what is in my heart So forgive all my sins
O, Allah, I beseech Thee to grant me a belief which may sink into my heart. True belief that I may realize. That no misfortune may befall me. Except that what Thou hast decreed for me. And grant me pleasure on that what Thou hast destined for me. Thou art my patron in this world and Hereafter.
O my Lord makes me die as a Muslim And join me to the righteous O Allah let not remain any of our sins unforgiven. And any anxiety unrequited and any demand uneasen and ungranted to me. At this Sacred Place.
O our Lord eases for us our affairs, and expand for us our breast, and enlighten our hearts. And conclude our affairs with goodness O our Lord Allah make us live as Muslim. And join us to Thy righteous. Save us from humiliation and trials, Lord of Universe. Aameen
From Maqam-e-Ibrahim go to Zamzam well. This is about 15 meters from Maqam e-Ibrahim and lies underground to Mataf i.e. the place of Tawaaf Drink Zamzam in three breaths in a standing position. Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) has said that for whatever purpose the Zamzam is drunk, it is achieved.
The Zamzam may also be poured or sprinkled over the head or rubbed on face and breast as sacred water. After drinking Zamzam beseech Allah for your prosperity in this world and Hereafter and recite the following du’aa breast as sacred water. After drinking Zamzam in this world and Hereafter and recite the following du’aa:
beseech Allah for your prosperity
DUA OF AT ZAMZAM
AL-LAA-HUM-MA IN-NEE AS-A-LU-KA IL-MAN-NAA-FI-ANW WA RIZ-QANW WAA-SI-ANW WA SHI-FAA-AM-MIN KUL-LI DAA-I
O, Allah, I beseech Thee for the beneficial knowledge, the excessive provisions, and healing against all sufferings and evils If there is no rush in Tawaaf, then you should go to Maqam-e-Ibrahim after completing the seventh circumambulation and then to Multazim for prayer.
This is the preferred method and Sunnat.
In case of Umrah return to Hajar-e-Aswad from Zamzam and kiss it for the ninth time and then go towards Safa Hillock which is now enclosed in Haram camp reciting the following dua:
AB-DA-OO BI-MAA BA-DA-AL-LAA-HU TA-AA-LAA IN-NAS-SA-FAA WAL-AR-WA-TA MIN SHA-AA-I-RIL-LAAH O FA-MAN HAJ-JAL BAI-TA A-VI -TA-MA-RA FA-LAA JU-NAA-HA A-LAI-HI AY-YAT-TAV-VA-FA BI-HI-MA O WA MAN TA-TAV-VA-A KHAI-RAN FA-IN-NAL-LAA-HA SHAA-KI-RUN A-LEEM
O Verily Safa and Marwah are of the landmarks of Allah so whosoever maketh a Hajj or performeth the Umrah there is no fault in him if he walketh in between the twain and whoso- over voluntarily doth good. Then verily Allah is Appreciative Knowing, (2: 158)
Reach the platform of Safa and raising both your hands up to the ears and facing Ka’aba, recite the following prayer and then pray for betterment in this world and Hereafter. Now make intention for Saee in the following words:
AL-LAA-HUM-MA IN-NEE U-REE-DUS-SA-YA BAI-NAS-SA-FAA WAL MAR-WA-TI SAB-A-TA ASH-WAA-TIL-LI-WAJ-HI-KAL KA-REEM FA-YAS-SIR-HU LEE WA TA-QAB-BAL-HU MIN-NEE
O 0 my Lord Allah I intend to perform Saee (of Umrah or Haj) Saee of seven circuits to Thy kind Countenance.
So Make easy it for me. And accept it from me After the intention, raise hands and say the following and then walk towards Marwah. between Safa and Marwah
BIS-MIL-LAA-HI AL-LAA-HU AK-BAR WA-LIL-LAA-HIL-HAMD
In the name of Allah. Allah is Most Great and unto Allah Praise, to walk with normal pace, from Safa to Marwan is one circuit and from Marwah to Safa is the second.
When you reach Safa or Marwah completing the circuit stay Safa the hillock for few minutes and pray for the betterment and then raising the hands and facing the Ka’aba repeat the above-mentioned takbeer and start the next circuits.
Similarly, seven circuits are to be completed ending the last at Marwah. The male pilgrim should walk with a hastened pace between the two green marks knows as Mailain Akhdarain but it is not applicable to women.
Recite the between the two green marks :
RAB BIG FIR WAR-HAM WA TA JAA WAZ AM MAA TA-LA-MU IN-NA-KA TA LA MU MAA-LAM NA LAM IN-NA-KA AN-TAL A-AZ-ZUL AK-RA-MU WAH-DI-NEE LIL-LA-TEE HI-YA AQ-WAM
O our Lord Allah forgive us And have Mercy upon us And overlook our evils which Thou knoweth what we know not And Thou art Allah The Most Honored and the Most unctuous And show us the right path Pray at Safa and Marwah to the whole Muslim world and yourself and your family The Saee is completed with the seventh circuit ending at Marwah. Beseech Allah and implore Him in detail for all your needs at the end of Saee.
The person performing only Umvah or Tamattu Haj should discontinue Ahram by Halaq i.e. shaving of the head. The person performing Qiran Hajj should not put off Ahram without performing Haj To get the whole head shaved is better, otherwise, the har should be shortened about half an inch in length.
For women, shaving the head is forbidden. She should herself cut a full lock of her hair about an inch in length. Ae Halaq, return to Mataf and offer two rakat at Nati of Saee which is Mustahab Ths completes the Umrb which you started with putting on the Ahram Those persons performing Giran Haj should now wait for tor Ayyaam-e-Haj Le da of Hag which begins from 8th 21 Haj.
This then you should not waste your time e acridly affairs. Always do zikr, recite Darood Shart, recite Qur’an, offer Uimru Qaza, observe tast and try to spend a maximum amount of time in Haram Shar Do as many Tawaat as you can, as this is the only place in the world where one can perform Tawaat.
VISITS MADINA MUNAWWARA
Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) has said, “The person who visits my grave, his intercession becomes wajib on me.”
In another tradition Allah’s Messenger Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) has said “Let him who can die in Madina, for I shall intercede for those who die in it. (Ahmed, Tirmizi Sharif)
Here is one more tradition: “The work of the Antichrist (Dajjal) will not enter Madina. That day it will have seven gates with two angels at each gate. (Bukhari Sharif)
Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) said, “O Allah, put in Madina twice as many blessings as Thou has put in Makka.” (Bukhari Sharif, Muslim Sharif)
Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) has said, “He who purposely comes to visit me will be under my protection on the Day of Resurrection; he who lives in Madina and endures its difficulty will have me as a witness and intercessor on the Day of Resurrection; and he who dies in one of the two sacred territories will be raised by Allah on the Day of Resurrection among those who will be safe. (Baihaqi)
Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) has said, “He who performs the pilgrimage and visits my grave after my death will be like him who visited me in my lifetime. (Baihaqı)
Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) has said, the last hour will not come before Madina drives away its wicked people as the bellows drives away the impurity of iron. (Muslim Sharif)
You should pass your journey to Madina Munawwara with an excessive recitation of Darood Sharif, Astagfaar and Prayers.
When you reach Madina Munawwara, after keeping your baggage safely, take a bath or perform wudu, put on a good dress, use some perfume and reciting Darood Sharif, proceed to Masjid-e-Nabvi, also known as Haram Sharif. You should bear in mind that you are going to call at the Greatest person on earth, our best guide and beloved Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam).
He sees you when you face him and responds to salaam which you offer him. Our every act against Islam and disobedience shocks him as a patron. The great oriental philosopher poet Allama Iqbal once prayed:
O my Lord Allah give me whatever penalty on mý sins, but show not the record of my evil deeds to my beloved Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam), as he will be shocked and his heart will break
UNIQUE MERITS OF THE MASJID OF ALLAH’S MESSENGER’S SALLALLAHU ALAIHI WA SALLAM)
The unique merit of the Masjid of Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) lies in the fact that he rendered personal help in its construction, led prayers in it for years and called it his own Masjid.
He has said, “A prayer offered in my Masjid carries a thousand-fold greater rewards than a prayer offered elsewhere. except in Masjid-e- Haram (the Masjid around the Ka aba).
According to Hazrat Anas (Rad-Yaliahu Anhu), Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) said. The person who offers 40 prayers consecutively in my Masjid without missing a prayer in between, will secure immunity from the Fire of Hell and other torments and also from hypocrisy (Musnad-e-Ahmed) Again he has said, The space between my living quarters and my pulpit consists of a garden from the Gardens of Paradise, and my pulpit is situated at the fountain of Al-Kauthar (in Paradise)” (Muslim Sharif, Bukhari Sharif)
While entering Masjid e-Nabvi, think of the great opportunity, repent for the sins and decide to lead a life on the footsteps of Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam). Walk slowly and humbly.
Enter the Haram Sharif from Bab-e Jibreel or Bab-as-Salaam. Step right foot in first and recite:
BISMILLAAHI WASSALAATU WASSALAAMU ALAA RasoolLIL LAAHI ALLAA HUM MAG FIR LEE ZU NOO BEE WAF TAH LEE AB WAA BA RAH-MA-TI-KA WAD KHIL-NEE FEE-HAA YAA AR-HA MAR-RAA-HI-MEEN
In the name of Allah Blessing and Peace be upon Messenger of Allah O my Lord Allah forgive my sins and open for me the doors of Thy Mercy and get me entered therein, O the Most Merci ul of the Merciful.
Offer two raka’at of Tahayyatul Masid in Riyazu-Jannah (Allah’s Messenger Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) has called this place a piece of Paradise], the place between the niche and the house of Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam)
Now come to Mawajeh Sharif, a place where you stand face to face with Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) Think of your sinful life and Allah’s favor to you to call you to Madinah Munawwara for which millions of people desire. And now say O our beloved guide, Allahi’s Peace and Blessings be upon you, we have committed sins. We have turned towards you Pray to Allah in our favor for our betterment in this world and Hereafter May Allah grant us your intercession on the Day of Resurrection, Ameen.
Stand humbly in front of Mawajeh Sharif neither too close nor too far. Cas your eyes down and recite Darood Sharif and Salaam seventy times in a slow, respectful, soft voice.
After offering Salaam to Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) move a meter to the right and offer Salaam on Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq Radi Allahu Anhu), the first Caliph who lies asleep next to Allah’s Messenger. (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam)
Then move a meter more to the right and offer Salaam on Hazrat Umar (Radi Allahu Anhu), the second Caliph.
SOME SACRED SITES OF MADINA MUNAWWARA
Note it is Sunnat to pay a visit to Jannatul Baquee (burial ground in Madina Munawwara, Uhud and Masjid e-Qubaa. (Aala Hazrat)
This is the burial ground in Madina Munawwara. Here mothers of the faithful wives of Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam), his son Hazrat Ibrahim (Radiy- Allahu Anhu). Hazrat Fatima Zahraa (Radiy- Allahu Anha), daughter of Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam), Hazrat Abbas (Radiyallahu Anhu), paternal uncle of Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam), Chief of faithful Hazrat Uthman (Radi Allahu Anhu) and nearly ten thousand companions of Allah’s Messenger Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) are buried here.
Mother of faithful, Hazrat Khadijatul Kubra (Radiyallahu Anha) is buried at Jannatul Ma’ala (Makkah Muazzama) and Mother of faithful Hazrat Maimunaa (Radiyallahu Anha) is buried at Saraf.
It is a Sunnat to visit Qubaa Shanf and do pay a visit to it. It is recorded in a tradition that Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) used to visit Oubaa Sharif every week Sometimes he used to ride and sometimes he used to walk.
In the other tradition, it is recorded that offering Namaaz in Masjid-e-Qbaa is equal to Umrah, so when you visit Masjid e-Oubaa offer at least two raka’at Namaaz and offer Darood-o-Salaam in abundance.
One should pay a visit to mountain Uhud It is stated in Sahih Hadith Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) says, The mountain Uhud loves me and I also love it. According to another record When you pay a visit to Uhud, eat something from its tree, may it be just a babool.” Pay a visit to the martyrs of Uhud Sharif.
It is stated in Hadith that Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) used to pay a visit to the graves of the martyrs of Uhud at the beginning of every year and used to offer Salaam, “Peace be on you the way you remained patient, then what a fine place the Hereafter is!
It is better to pay a visit on Thursday morning, and first of all, present yourself at the Mazaar of the Chief of martyrs Hazrat Ameer Hamza (Radiyallahu Anhu) and offer Salaam to him and then to other martyrs who are buried there. Apart from these, there are other sacred sites, pay a visit to these places and gain virtues. They are Masjid Juma, Masjid Musalla, or Masjid Ghamaamaa, Masjid Qiblatain, Masjid Sugaiyaa, Masjid Ahzaab, or Masjidul Fateh, Masjid Zubaab, Masjid Bani Haram, Masjid Abu Bakr, and Hazrat Ali (Radiyallahu Anhuma)
DU’AA OF QURBAANI
Before sacrificing the animal, make it eat and drink Also make the knife very sharp. Make the animal lies down on its left side, facing the Qblaa, and recite this dua:
IN-NEE WAJ-JAH-TU WAJ-HI-YA LIL-LA-ZEE FA-TA-RAS-SA-MAA-WAA- TI WAL-AR-DA HA-NEE-FANW WA-MAA A-NAA MI-NAL-MUSH-RI-KEE NA IN-NA SA-LAA-TEE WA NU-SU-KEE WA MAH-YAA-YA WA MA-MAA- TEE LIL-LAA-HI RAB-BIL-AA-LA-MEE-NA LAA SHA-REE-KA LA-HOO WA BI-ZAA-LI-KA U-MIR-TU WA A-NAA AV-VA-LUL-MUS-LI-MEEN
Then, while reciting this dua, sacrifice the animal AL-LAA-HUM-MA MIN-KAWA LA-KA BIS-MIL-LAA-HI AL-LAA-HU AK-BAR
After having sacrificed the animal, recite this du’a AL HAA-ZI-HIL AD-HIY-YA-TA MIN-NEE- KA. WA MUS- TA-
take the name of the person, along with his
AL-LAA-HUM-MA TA-OAB- E MAA TA-OAB-BAL-TA MIN IB-RAA-HEE-MA KHA-LEE-LI-KA EE-LA ZA-BEE-HI-KA WA MU-HAM-MA-DIN NA-BIY-Y FAA-KA A-LAI-HI-MUS-SA-LAA-TU WAS-SA-LAAM )
If someone else is sacrificing the animal for you, then he should say min in place of MIN-NEE, and he should take the name of the person, along with his father’s name, on whose behalf he is doing the Qurbani.
PROBLEMS PERTAINING TO WOMEN
When the ladies intend to “enter in” Ahram they should perform Ghusl, although they may be in the menstruation period because this Ghusl is for removing dirt and cleaning the body. They should neither wear gaudy thin and transparent. They should also not wear clothes of male pattern.
AHRAM IN MENSTRUATION PERIOD
If a woman gets her menstruation pe- A period at the time of entering Ahram, she has not to worry. If she is unable to perform Ghusl, she should perform ablution (Wudu).
Then she should sit facing Ka’aba and start reciting Lab-baik and zikr but she cannot offer Namaaz.
In the condition of menstruation period, the women can wear Ahram, do zikr, perform all the arkans of Hajj i.e. she can stay at Mina, move to Arafat, perform Vaqoof-e-Arafat, do du’aa, enter Muzdalifa, perform Rami of all the three Jamrah, at its time.
But she cannot enter Haram Sharif or any Masjid. She cannot offer Namaaz and she cannot do Tawaaf.
TWO IMPORTANT QUESTIONS
Q1. A lady left her home in Ahram with the intention (Niyyat) of Umrah but on reaching Makka, she got her menstruation period. What should she do under such a condition?
ANS. She should wait until her period is over. After she is clean, she should to perform Tawaaf and Saee.
Q2. If at the beginning of Ayyam-e- Hajj (Days of Hajj) a lady gets her period of menstruation, what should she do in such a condition?
ANS. Except for Tawaaf & Namaaz, she can perform all the rites of Haj and will perform Tawaaf-e-Ziyarat after she is clean.
Hajj 2021 will begin in the evening of
Saturday, 17 July
and ends in the evening of
Thursday, 22 July