Benefits and Virtues of Tahajjud

Benefits and Virtues of Tahajjud

Benefits and Virtues of Tahajjud
Benefits and Virtues of Tahajjud

 

 

1. Quran

وَالَّذِينَ يَبِيتُونَ لِرَبِّهِمْ سُجَّدًا وَقِيَامًا

And those who spend [part of] the night to their Lord prostrating and standing [in prayer] (Al-Furqan 25:64)

وَمِنَ اللَّيْلِ فَتَهَجَّدْ بِهِ نَافِلَةً لَّكَ عَسَىٰ أَن يَبْعَثَكَ رَبُّكَ مَقَامًا مَّحْمُودًا

And from [part of] the night, pray with it as additional [worship] for you; it is expected that your Lord will resurrect you to a praised station. (Al-Isra 17:79)

تَتَجَافَىٰ جُنُوبُهُمْ عَنِ الْمَضَاجِعِ يَدْعُونَ رَبَّهُمْ خَوْفًا وَطَمَعًا وَمِمَّا رَزَقْنَاهُمْ يُنفِقُونَ

They arise from [their] beds; they supplicate their Lord in fear and aspiration, and from what We have provided them, they spend. (As-Sajdah 32:16)

كَانُوا قَلِيلًا مِّنَ اللَّيْلِ مَا يَهْجَعُونَ

They used to sleep but little of the night. (Adh-Dhariyaat 51:17)

قُمِ اللَّيْلَ إِلَّا قَلِيلًا

Rise up (to pray during) the night, except a little. (Al-Muzzammil 73:2)

إِنَّ نَاشِئَةَ اللَّيْلِ هِيَ أَشَدُّ وَطْئًا وَأَقْوَمُ قِيلًا

Surely (prayer) by night is more intense in performance and more upright in (devotional) oration. (Al-Muzzammil 73:6)

وَمِنَ اللَّيْلِ فَسَبِّحْهُ وَإِدْبَارَ النُّجُومِ

And in a part of the night exalt Him and after [the setting of] the stars. (At-Tur 52:49)

2. Hadith

2.1 Jabir (رضي الله عنه) reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) saying,

‏إن في الليل لساعة، لا يوافقها رجل مسلم يسأل الله تعالى خيرًا من أمر الدنيا والآخرة، إلا أعطاه إياه، وذلك كل ليلة‏

“Every night there is a special time during which whatever a Muslim asks Allah of any good relating to this life or the Hereafter, it will be granted to him; and this moment comes every night. (Riyad as-Salihin 1178)

2.2 Abu Umamah said: `Amr bin `Abasah (رضی الله عنهم) reported to me that he heard the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) say:

أَقْرَبُ مَا يَكُونُ الرَّبُّ مِنَ الْعَبْدِ فِي جَوْفِ اللَّيْلِ الآخِرِ فَإِنِ اسْتَطَعْتَ أَنْ تَكُونَ مِمَّنْ يَذْكُرُ اللَّهَ فِي تِلْكَ السَّاعَةِ فَكُنْ

“The closest that the Lord is to a worshipper is during the last part of the night, so if you are able to be of those who remember Allah in that hour, then do so.” (Jami` at-Tirmidhi 3579)

2.3 Mughira b. Shu’ba (رضي الله عنه) reported that Allah’s Apostle (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) worshipped so much that his feet were swollen. It was said to him: (Why do you undergo so much hardship despite the fact that) Allah has pardoned for you your earlier and later sins? Thereupon he said:

أَفَلاَ أَكُونُ عَبْدًا شَكُورًا

May I not (prove myself) to be a grateful servant (of Allah)? (Sahih Muslim 2819 a)

2.4 Al-Qasim bin Dinar Al-Kufi (who said): Ishaq bin Mansur narrated to us, from Isra’il with this-  Bilal (رضی الله عنهم) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said:

عَلَيْكُمْ بِقِيَامِ اللَّيْلِ فَإِنَّهُ دَأْبُ الصَّالِحِينَ قَبْلَكُمْ وَهُوَ قُرْبَةٌ إِلَى رَبِّكُمْ وَمَكْفَرَةٌ لِلسَّيِّئَاتِ وَمَنْهَاةٌ لِلإِثْمِ

“Hold fast to Qiyam al-Lail, for it is the practice of the righteous before you, and indeed Qiyam al-Lail is a means of nearness to Allah, a means of prevention from sin, an expiation for bad deeds, and a barrier for the body against disease.” (Jami` at-Tirmidhi 3549)

2.5 Narrated Abu Hurayrah (رضي الله عنه): The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said:

رَحِمَ اللَّهُ رَجُلاً قَامَ مِنَ اللَّيْلِ فَصَلَّى وَأَيْقَظَ امْرَأَتَهُ فَصَلَّتْ فَإِنْ أَبَتْ نَضَحَ فِي وَجْهِهَا الْمَاءَ رَحِمَ اللَّهُ امْرَأَةً قَامَتْ مِنَ اللَّيْلِ فَصَلَّتْ وَأَيْقَظَتْ زَوْجَهَا فَإِنْ أَبَى نَضَحَتْ فِي وَجْهِهِ الْمَاءَ

May Allah show mercy to a man who gets up during the night and prays, who wakens his wife and she prays; if she refuses, he sprinkles water on her face. May Allah show mercy to a woman who gets up during the night and prays, who wakens her husband and he prays; if he refuses she sprinkles water on his face. (Sunan Abi Dawud 1450)

2.6 Narrated `Aisha (رضي الله عنها):

أَخْبَرَتْهُ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ يُصَلِّي إِحْدَى عَشْرَةَ رَكْعَةً، كَانَتْ تِلْكَ صَلاَتَهُ، يَسْجُدُ السَّجْدَةَ مِنْ ذَلِكَ قَدْرَ مَا يَقْرَأُ أَحَدُكُمْ خَمْسِينَ آيَةً قَبْلَ أَنْ يَرْفَعَ رَأْسَهُ، وَيَرْكَعُ رَكْعَتَيْنِ قَبْلَ صَلاَةِ الْفَجْرِ، ثُمَّ يَضْطَجِعُ عَلَى شِقِّهِ الأَيْمَنِ حَتَّى يَأْتِيَهُ الْمُنَادِي لِلصَّلاَةِ

Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) used to offer eleven rak`at and that was his prayer. He used to prolong the prostration to such an extent that one could recite fifty verses (of the Qur’an) before he would lift his head. He used to pray two rak`at (Sunna) before the Fajr prayer and then used to lie down on his right side till the call-maker came and informed him about the prayer. (Sahih al-Bukhari 1123)

2.7 Narrated `Abdullah bin `Amr bin Al-`As (رضي الله عنه): Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said to me,

يَا عَبْدَ اللَّهِ، لاَ تَكُنْ مِثْلَ فُلاَنٍ، كَانَ يَقُومُ اللَّيْلَ فَتَرَكَ قِيَامَ

“O `Abdullah! Do not be like so and so who used to pray at night and then stopped the night prayer.” (Sahih al-Bukhari 1152)

2.8 Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه) reported: The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said,

أفضل الصيام بعد رمضان‏:‏ شهر الله المحرم، وأفضل الصلاة بعد الفريضة‏:‏ صلاة الليل

“The best month for observing Saum (fasting) next after Ramadan is the month of Allah, the Muharram; and the best Salat (prayer) next after the prescribed Salat is Salat at night (Tahajjud prayers).” (Riyad as-Salihin 1246)

2.9 Abu Huraira (رضي الله عنه) reported Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) as saying:

يَنْزِلُ رَبُّنَا تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى كُلَّ لَيْلَةٍ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ الدُّنْيَا حِينَ يَبْقَى ثُلُثُ اللَّيْلِ الآخِرُ فَيَقُولُ مَنْ يَدْعُونِي فَأَسْتَجِيبَ لَهُ وَمَنْ يَسْأَلُنِي فَأُعْطِيَهُ وَمَنْ يَسْتَغْفِرُنِي فَأَغْفِرَ لَهُ

Our Lord, the Blessed and the Exalted, descends every night to the lowest heaven when one-third of the latter part of the night is left, and says: Who supplicates Me so that I may answer him? Who asks Me so that I may give to him? Who asks Me forgiveness so that I may forgive him? (Sahih Muslim 758 a)

2.10 It was narrated from ‘Amr bin Aws that he heard Abdullah bin Amr bin Al-‘As (رضی الله عنهم) say: “The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said:

أَحَبُّ الصِّيَامِ إِلَى اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ صِيَامُ دَاوُدَ عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَمُ كَانَ يَصُومُ يَوْمًا وَيُفْطِرُ يَوْمًا وَأَحَبُّ الصَّلاَةِ إِلَى اللَّهِ صَلاَةُ دَاوُدَ كَانَ يَنَامُ نِصْفَ اللَّيْلِ وَيَقُومُ ثُلُثَهُ وَيَنَامُ سُدُسَهُ

‘The most beloved of fasting to Allah is the fasting of Dawud, peace be upon him. He used to fast one day and not the next. And the most beloved of prayer to Allah (SWT) is the prayer of Dawud. He used to sleep half the night, spend one-third of the night in prayer and (again) sleep for one-sixth of it’.” (Sunan an-Nasa’i 1630)

2.11 Narrated Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه): Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said:

أَفْضَلُ اَلصَّلَاةِ بَعْدَ اَلْفَرِيضَةِ صَلَاةُ اَللَّيْلِ

“The most excellent prayer after that which is obligatory is the (voluntary) late night prayer.” (Bulugh al-Maram Book 2, Hadith 273)

2.12 ‘Abdullah bin Salam (رضي الله عنه) reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) saying,

‏يا أيها الناس أفشوا السلام، وأطعموا الطعام، وصلوا الأرحام وصلوا والناس نيام، تدخلوا الجنة بسلام‏

“O people, exchange greetings of peace (i.e., say: As-Salamu ‘Alaikum to one another), feed people, strengthen the ties of kinship, and be in prayer when others are asleep, you will enter Jannah in peace.” (Riyad as-Salihin 849)

2.13 Narrated Salim’s father (رضی الله عنهم): In the lifetime of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) whosoever saw a dream would narrate it to Allah’s Messenger. I had a wish of seeing a dream to narrate it to Allah’s Messenger. I was a grown up boy and used to sleep in the Mosque in the lifetime of the Prophet. I saw in the dream that two angels caught hold of me and took me to the Fire which was built all round like a built well and had two poles in it and the people in it were known to me. I started saying, “I seek refuge with Allah from the Fire.” Then I met another angel who told me not to be afraid. I narrated the dream to Hafsa (رضي الله عنها) who told it to Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم). The Prophet said,

نِعْمَ الرَّجُلُ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ، لَوْ كَانَ يُصَلِّي مِنَ اللَّيْلِ

“Abdullah is a good man. I wish he prayed Tahajjud.”

After that `Abdullah (i.e. Salim’s father) used to sleep but a little at night. (Sahih al-Bukhari 1121, 1122)

2.14 It was narrated that Jabir (رضي الله عنه) said: “The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said:

مَنْ كَثُرَتْ صَلاَتُهُ بِاللَّيْلِ حَسُنَ وَجْهُهُ بِالنَّهَارِ

‘Whoever prays a great deal at night, his face will be handsome during the day’.” (Sunan Ibn Majah Vol. 1, Book 5, Hadith 1333)

2.15 ‘Aishah (رضي الله عنها) reported:

كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ، إذا فاتته الصلاة من الليل من وجع أو غيره، صلى من النهار ثنتي عشر ركعة

If the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) missed his night (Tahajjud) Salat because of indisposition or the like, he would perform twelve Rak’ah during the day. (Riyad as-Salihin 1181)

2.16 Abu Huraira (رضي الله عنه) transmitted it from the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم):

يَعْقِدُ الشَّيْطَانُ عَلَى قَافِيَةِ رَأْسِ أَحَدِكُمْ ثَلاَثَ عُقَدٍ إِذَا نَامَ بِكُلِّ عُقْدَةٍ يَضْرِبُ عَلَيْكَ لَيْلاً طَوِيلاً فَإِذَا اسْتَيْقَظَ فَذَكَرَ اللَّهَ انْحَلَّتْ عُقْدَةٌ وَإِذَا تَوَضَّأَ انْحَلَّتْ عُقْدَتَانِ فَإِذَا صَلَّى انْحَلَّتِ الْعُقَدُ فَأَصْبَحَ نَشِيطًا طَيِّبَ النَّفْسِ وَإِلاَّ أَصْبَحَ خَبِيثَ النَّفْسِ كَسْلاَنَ

When any one of you goes to sleep, the devil ties three knots at the back of his neck, sealing every knot with:” You have a long night, so sleep.” So if one awakes and mentions Allah, a knot will be loosened; if he performs ablution two knots are loosened; and if he prays (all) knots will be loosened, and in the morning he will be active and in good spirits; otherwise we will be in bad spirits and sluggish in the morning. (Sahih Muslim 776)

2.17 Narrated by Uqba ibn Amir (رضي الله عنه) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said: “When one, out of two persons of my Ummah gets up at night and motivates himself for Wudhu despite not feeling to do so since Shaytan had tied knots on him. When he washes his two hands in Wudhu, one knot is loosened, when he washes his face, another knot is loosened when he wipes his head with wet hands another knot is loosened, when he washes his feet yet another knot is loosened. Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) says to those behind the veil- His angels:

“Look at My slaves! How much hardship he is enduring in dealing with his Nafs (inner self), so now whatever this slave asks of Me, it will be granted to him.” (Ahmad, Ibn Hibban, Tabrani)

2.18 It is narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said

Jibraeel (عليه السلام) came to me and said, O Muhammad! However long thou livest thou shalt die one day, and whoever, thou may love thou shalt depart from him one day. Surely, thou shalt receive the recompense of whatever (good or evil) thou dost. No doubt the dignity of a Mo’min is in Tahajjud and his honour is in contentment and restraint. (Fazail-e-Namaz Al, Kandhalwi p28-29)

2.19 It is reported in a Hadith that

“Allah is pleased to see three things namely,
i) a row of worshipers offering salaat with Jamaat,
ii) a person busy in salaat at the time of Tahajjud at the dead of night, and
iii) a person fighting in the way of Allah.” (Fazail-e-Namaz Al, Kandhalwi p57)

2.20 Anas (رضي الله عنه) relates that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said:

“Prayer in my mosque is equal to ten thousand prayers [elsewhere]. And prayer in the inviolable mosque is equivalent to one hundred thousand prayers [elsewhere]. And prayer in the battlefield is equivalent to one million prayers [elsewhere]. And what is more than all of that is two rak’at by a slave [of Allah] during the middle of the night.” (Ibn Hibban in Ath-Thawab & Al-Munzhiri At-Targhib wat-Tarhib)

3. ‘Ulama

“The Dua made at tahajjud is like an arrow that does not miss its target.” — Imaam Ash Shafi (رحمه الله‎)

‘Ibn al-Mubarak (رحمه الله‎) said:

“The souls of righteous people in the past used to push them to do good deeds, but our souls do not do what we want them to do except by force, so we have to force them.”

Thaabit al-Banaani (رحمه الله‎) said:

“I struggled for twenty years to make myself pray qiyaam al-layl, and I enjoyed it (qiyaam al-layl) for twenty years.”

A man asked Tameem Ad-Daari (رحمه الله‎), ‘How do you pray at night?’ He got very angry and said,

‘By Allah, one rak’ah that I pray in secret in the small hours of the night is more beloved to me than praying the whole night long and then telling people about it.’

Ibraheem ibn Shamas (رحمه الله‎) said:

“I used to see Ahmad ibn Hanbal (رحمه الله‎) staying up at night to pray when he was a young man.”

Abu Bakr al-Marwadhi (رحمه الله‎) said:

“I was with Imaam Ahmad (رحمه الله‎) for nearly four months in the army, and he never stopped praying qiyaam at night or reading Qur’aan during the day, and I never knew when he completed the Qur’aan, because he kept that secret.”

Imam al-Bukhari (رحمه الله‎) used to pray qiyaam and tahajjud at night until the time of suhoor, and he would read between a half and a third of the Qur’aan, and complete it at suhoor every third night.

Ibn Rajab said concerning his shaykh Imaam Ibn al-Qayyim (رحمهم الله):

“He was a man of worship, tahajjud and lengthy prayers. I have never seen his equal in worship and knowledge of the Qur’aan, hadeeth and principles of faith.”

Al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar said, describing his shaykh al-Haafiz al-‘Iraaqi (رحمهم الله):

“I stayed with him, and I never saw him forsake qiyaam al-layl: it was like a habit for him.”

“Because they are alone with their Lord at night, then Allah gives them some of His light.” [Al-Maqrizi (رحمه الله), Mukhtasar Qiyaamallail].

Five things could be acquired through five channels;

i) an increase in provisions through ‘Chaasht’
ii) a light in the grave through Tahajjud,
iii) a very satisfactory answer to Munkar and Nakeer through the recitation of the Qur’an;
iv) an easy crossing of Siraat through fasting and alms, and
v) room under the shade of Allah’s Throne on the Day of Judgement through seclusion (i.e. Zikr).

[Shaikh Shaqeeq Balkhi (رحمه الله)]

Abu Bakr Dharir (رحمه الله) says,

“There lived a young slave with me. He fasted all day and stood in Tahajjud all night long. One day he came to me and related: “Last night against my usual practice I went to sleep. I saw in my dream that the wall of the Mihraab was cracked, and from the crevice appeared a few damsels. One of them was very ugly. I asked one of the pretty damsels who they were. She replied that they were my previous nights and that the ugly one was this night.” (Fazail-e-Namaz Al, Kandhalwi p75-76)

An eminent Shaikh says:

“One night I was in a deep sleep and could not get up for Tahajjud. I saw in my dream a
girl of such beauty as I had never seen in my life. She was emitting such fragrance as I had never smelt before. She handed over to me a piece of paper on which were written three couplets, which meant,

‘You were so enamored of deep sleep that you have become unmindful of the high balconies of Paradise, where you have to abide for ever with no fear of death. Wake up! It is better to recite the Qur’an in Tahajjud than to sleep’.”

Since then, wherever I feel sleepy, these couplets come to my mind and the sleep goes away.” (Fazail-e-Namaz Al, Kandhalwi p76)

It is said in ‘Bahjatun nufoos’ that

One of the Sahabah was once offering Tahajjud when a thief came and took away his horse. He noticed it, but he did not break his salaat. Somebody asked him, “Why did ‘you not break salaat and catch the thief?” He replied, “I was engaged in something far more valuable than the horse.” (Fazail-e-Namaz Al, Kandhalwi p101)

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