Muharram: The First Month of the Islamic Calendar Sunni References
Muharram ul Haram is the first month of the Hijri Calendar and marks the beginning of the Islamic year. While followers of other religions often engage in frivolous festivities during their opening month, the first month of Islam teaches us valuable lessons of admonition, wise counsel, knowledge of Allah Ta’ala, sacrifice, selflessness, patience, and seeking the pleasure of Allah Ta’ala.
The tenth day of Muharram, known as Ashurah, holds significant qualities and features. It is believed that Allah Ta’ala created the heavens and the earth on this blessed day. Numerous blessings and bounties were bestowed upon many Prophets on Ashurah, enabling them to overcome their enemies and adversities.
During this month, Allah Ta’ala created Hazrat Adam (Alaihis-Salam), pardoned him for his mistake, guided Hazrat Noah’s (Alaihis-Salam) Ark to land safely on Mount Judi, saved Hazrat Ibrahim (Alaihis-Salam) from the fire, and rescued Hazrat Musa (Alaihis-Salam) from Pharaoh.
To start the first day of Muharram, it is recommended to offer 2 rakats of Nafl prayer. In each rakat, recite Surah Ikhlas three times after Surah Fatiha. After the Salam, pray to Allah Ta’ala for all your needs and desires. Through the blessings of this prayer, Allah Ta’ala will assign an angel to guide the person towards good deeds and protect them from engaging in sinful acts.
On the eve of Ashurah, it is recommended to offer 100 rakats of Nafl prayer. In each rakat, recite Surah Ikhlas three times after Surah Fatiha. After Salam, recite the first Kalimah 100 times. It is believed that Allah Ta’ala will forgive all the sins of the person who performs this prayer.
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Dua-e-Ashurah – A Lifesaving Prayer
Hazrat Imam Zainul Abidain (Radi Allah Anhu) reports that whoever recites Dua-e-Ashurah on the tenth of Muharram, anytime between sunrise and sunset, or listens to its recitation from someone else, Allah Ta’ala will ensure their safety and prolong their life for a year, safeguarding them from death. However, if one is destined to die that year, they may, by some strange coincidence, forget to recite it.
Nafl Salat for the Eve of Ashurah
On the eve of Ashurah, it is recommended to offer 4 rakats of Nafl Salat as follows: In each rakat, after Surah Fatiha, recite “Ayetul Kursi” once and Surah Ikhlas three times. After completing this prayer, recite Surah Ikhlas 100 times. It is believed that Allah Ta’ala will purify the person of all their sins and grant them abundant blessings and rewards in paradise.
The Fast of Ashurah
It is highly encouraged to observe fasting on the 9th and 10th of Muharram. If it is not possible to fast on both days, one should make every effort to fast on the 10th day, as there is a great reward associated with this fast (as mentioned in Muslim Shareef).
The following are some recommended acts to be performed on the day of Ashurah:
- Observe a fast on this day.
- Give charity to the best of one’s ability.
- Perform Nafl Salat prayers.
- Recite Surah Ikhlas 1000 times.
- Seek the company of pious scholars (Ulema).
- Show affection by placing a hand on an orphan’s head.
- Be generous towards one’s relatives.
- Apply surma (kohl) to one’s eyes.
- Take a bath.
- Trim one’s nails.
- Visit the sick.
- Establish friendly ties with one’s enemies.
- Recite Dua-e-Ashurah.
- Visit the shrines of Awliyas (saints) and the graves of Muslims.
Hazrat Abdullah bin Masood (Radi Allah Anhu), a Companion of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Sall Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam), reported the following saying of the Messenger of Allah Ta’ala: “Whoever prepares an ample amount of food and drink for his family on this sacred day and takes delight in generously feeding them, Allah Ta’ala will increase His provisions for that year and shower abundant blessings upon them.”
It is important to note that Imam Hussain (Radi Allah Anhu) and his companions were martyred on the tenth day of this month.
Similar to any other month in the Islamic Calendar, Muharram carries many anniversaries that are celebrated worldwide.
Imam Hasan ibn Ali and Imam Hussain ibn Ali
Imam Hasan ibn Ali and Imam Hussain ibn Ali, may Allah be pleased with them, hold a significant position in Islamic history and are highly revered by Muslims. Here are some notable narrations and wisdom attributed to them:
- It is reported that once Imam Hasan approached the Holy Prophet, peace be upon him, and climbed on his shoulders. A person present remarked about the nice “steed” (a horse used for riding), to which the Prophet responded by saying, “And how nice a rider too.” This narration highlights the special bond between the Prophet and his grandson, Imam Hasan.
- On another occasion, when the Prophet was in ritual prostration, Imam Hasan wrapped himself on the Prophet’s back. To ensure his safety, the Prophet lengthened the prostration so that Hasan would not fall when the Prophet raised his head. This incident showcases the tenderness and care the Prophet had for his beloved grandson.
- The Prophet declared that Imam Hasan and Imam Hussain are the leaders of the youth in Paradise. This statement emphasizes their elevated status and honor in the sight of Allah.
- The Prophet also stated that whoever loves Imam Hasan and Imam Hussain, he himself loves them, and whoever shows enmity towards them, he himself is an enemy of the Prophet. This highlights the close connection and mutual love between the Prophet and his grandsons.
- The Prophet referred to Imam Hasan and Imam Hussain as the “swords of the heavens,” indicating their strength and significance in defending and upholding the truth.
- It is narrated that the Prophet placed Imam Hussain on his right thigh and his own son, Ibrahim, on his left thigh. The angel Jibreel appeared and informed the Prophet that he must choose between the two. The Prophet, unable to bear being separated from Imam Hussain, chose him. This incident demonstrates the deep affection and attachment the Prophet had for his beloved grandson.
- The Prophet declared that Imam Hasan and Imam Hussain are his own sons and the sons of his daughter, Fatimah. He prayed to Allah, asking for His friendship and protection for those who love and befriend them.
- The Prophet would often call for Imam Hasan and Imam Hussain and express his love for them by smelling them and hugging them to his chest. This gesture highlights the immense love and affection the Prophet had for his grandsons.
In addition to these narrations, there are also some gems of wisdom attributed to Imam Hasan and Imam Hussain:
- Imam Hasan emphasized the importance of good manners and listed ten virtues, including speaking the truth, opposing falsehood, charity, repaying favors, kindness to relatives, caring for neighbors, fulfilling rights, welcoming guests, observing etiquette, and maintaining modesty and shame.
- Imam Hussain emphasized the negative character trait of miserliness and encouraged generosity.
- Imam Hussain expressed the need for action and movement to become a leader and the importance of sacrificing for the sake of Allah in the face of oppression.
- Imam Hussain advised not to fear what one does not understand or cannot attain and cautioned against having high hopes for excessive rewards in worldly endeavors.
- Imam Hussain highlighted the importance of forgiveness, especially for those who have the power to seek revenge but choose to forgive.
- Imam Hussain reflected on the transient nature of the world, the prevalence of falsehood, and the need for believers to stand up against oppression and injustice.
These narrations and wisdom attributed to Imam Hasan and Imam Hussain demonstrate their exalted status in Islam and the valuable lessons they imparted through their words and actions. Muslims hold them in high regard for their piety, sacrifice, and unwavering commitment to upholding truth and justice.
The Historical Significance of Ashura
Mu’awiyah ibn Abu Sufyan (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that he heard the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) say: “It is the day of Ashura. Allah has not made fasting obligatory for you, but I am fasting. Whoever among you wants to fast may do so, and whoever does not want to fast is not obliged to do so.” [Sahih Muslim]
Abu Qatada (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “The fast on the 10th of Muharram atones for the sins of the preceding year.” [Sahih Muslim]
Abu Huraira (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “After Ramadan, the fasts of Muharram have the greatest excellence.” [Sahih Muslim]
Alhamdulillah, Allah has blessed us to witness another year, and the first month of this year is Muharram. In this month, there is an excellent day called the day of Ashura, which falls on the 10th of Muharram. The Prophet (peace be upon him) recommended fasting on this day according to his Sunnah. He also indicated how we should observe the fast of Ashura.
Hakam ibn Al-Arat (may Allah be pleased with him) reported: “I went to Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) and asked him about fasting on Ashura. He said, ‘When you see the new moon of Muharram, count the days and start fasting on the 9th.’ I asked him, ‘Is this how the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) observed the fast?’ He replied, ‘Yes.'” [Sahih Muslim]
Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “If I live until next year, I will certainly fast on the 9th of Muharram as well.” [Sahih Muslim]
(Note: What the Prophet (peace be upon him) meant was that he would fast on both the 9th and the 10th, as he was accustomed to doing. We should also strive to fast on both the 9th and the 10th of Muharram.)
Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that when the Prophet (peace be upon him) arrived in Madinah, he found the Jews fasting on the day of Ashura. They said, “It is a great day on which Allah saved Moses and his people and drowned Pharaoh and his people. Moses observed fasting out of gratitude, and we also observe it.” The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) responded, “We have more right to Moses and have a closer connection with him than you do.” So, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) observed the fast on the day of Ashura and ordered us to fast as well. [Sahih Bukhari and Muslim]
Ashura is a day of great historical significance. On this day, Allah accepted the repentance of Adam (peace be upon him) after his exile from Paradise. Allah saved Noah (peace be upon him) and his companions in the ark. Allah extinguished the fire in which Ibrahim (peace be upon him) was thrown by Nimrod. Allah spoke directly to Musa (peace be upon him) and gave him the Commandments. On this same 10th of Muharram, Ayyub (peace be upon him) was restored to health from leprosy. Yusuf (peace be upon him) was reunited with his father Ya’qub (peace be upon him). Yunus (peace be upon him) was taken out from the belly of the fish. The sea was divided as the nation of Israel was delivered from captivity and Pharaoh’s army was destroyed. Dawud (peace be upon him) was forgiven, and the kingdom of Sulaiman (peace be upon him) was restored. Isa (peace be upon him) was raised to Jannah (Paradise), and Husayn (may Allah be pleased with him) achieved the honor of martyrdom.
Worship Allah as much as you can on Ashura. Whoever fasts on this day is like one who fasts for a lifetime. Whoever clothes a naked person, Allah will release them from a painful punishment. Whoever visits a sick person, Allah will grant them a reward that will not be decreased. Whoever places their hand on an orphan’s head, feeds a hungry person, or gives water to a thirsty person, Allah will feed them a feast from Paradise and quench their thirst with Salsabil (a wine that does not intoxicate). Whoever takes a ritual bath (Ghusl) on this day will enjoy excellent health and freedom from sickness and laziness. Whoever provides generously for their family on this day, Allah will be generous to them throughout the year. And whoever applies Kuhl (antimony) to their eyes will never suffer from sore eyes again, by the will of Allah, the Almighty.
O Allah, bless us to perform good deeds and gain their rewards on Ashura. Make the new year a year of unity, cooperation, and success for Muslims in this city and around the world. Ameen.
(Note: The content provided is based on the information provided in the question and has been rephrased to improve readability and grammar.)
Safar al-Muzaffar is the second month of the Islamic calendar
Safar al-Muzaffar is the second month of the Islamic calendar. The literal meaning of Safar is “empty.” During this month, the houses used to be empty and deserted because the ban on going to war in the month of Muharram came to an end, and everyone proceeded toward the battlefield.
Safar also means “to be yellow.” When the names of the months were being given, it was the season of autumn, and the leaves of the trees were yellow.
Unfortunately, many people hold erroneous beliefs regarding this month, considering it a time of misfortune and calamities. However, the teachings of Allah Ta’ala and His Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) provide clear guidance against such incorrect beliefs.
Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) says in the Qur’an al-Kareem:
“No misfortune befalls except by Allah’s command…” [Surah Tagabun, Verse 11]
These incorrect beliefs have also been condemned in the context of the following Ahadith (sayings of Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him):
“There is no superstitious owl, bird, no star-promising rain, no bad omen in the month of Safar.” [Sahih Bukhari, Hadith 5707]
“There is no bad omen in the month of Safar and no Ghouls (evil spirits).” [Sahih Muslim, Hadith 2222]
The above Ahadith clearly refute all incorrect beliefs and superstitions associated with the month of Safar. It is important to note that these incorrect beliefs originated from the pre-Islamic period of Jahiliyyah (ignorance).
It is crucial to dismiss all types of erroneous beliefs concerning the blessed month of Safar. Instead, we should understand that true misfortune lies in disobeying Allah Ta’ala’s commandments, such as neglecting the five daily prayers. As narrated in a Hadith, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said, “Pray, O Allah! Cause not anyone among us to be a wretched destitute.” When the Sahabah (companions) requested clarification, he replied, “A wretched destitute is he who neglects his Salah (prayers).”
We should also recognize that all conditions, whether good or bad, favorable or unfavorable, that befall us are from Allah Ta’ala, as a result of our actions. Allah Ta’ala says, “Whatever misfortune befalls you, it is due to the things your hands have wrought, and He forgives many a sin.” (Surah 42, Verse 30)
This understanding is further supported by the following Hadith:
Sayyadina Jabir (may Allah be pleased with him) has said, “I have heard Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) saying, the descending of illness and evil superstitions in the month of Safar is untrue.”
In conclusion, it is crucial to abandon any misconceptions and superstitious beliefs associated with the month of Safar. Instead, we should rely on the teachings of Islam and place our trust in Allah’s decree, recognizing that misfortune and blessings are ultimately determined by His command.
During the Days of Ignorance
During the Days of Ignorance, the era preceding the advent of Islam, the Arabs held various superstitious beliefs about the month of Safar. These beliefs were later discarded with the arrival of Islam and the teachings of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). Some of these erroneous beliefs from that time are as follows:
- The pre-Islamic Arabs believed that Safar was a snake residing in the human stomach, which would bite the person when hungry, causing the discomfort associated with hunger pangs.
- Some believed that Safar was a condition caused by worms originating in the liver and ribs, leading to a yellowing of the person’s complexion, similar to what we now know as jaundice.
- According to certain beliefs, the month of Safar, situated between Muharram and Rabi al Awwal, was considered a period filled with calamities and misfortune.
However, with the advent of Islam and the teachings of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), these erroneous beliefs and superstitions prevalent during the Days of Ignorance were discarded.
Today, there are still some Muslims who hold incorrect beliefs regarding the month of Safar. It is important to clarify and refute these misconceptions. Some of these incorrect beliefs include:
- Believing that a marriage (nikah) performed during this month will not be successful.
- Considering Safar to be a month of widespread misfortune and calamities.
- Believing that initiating important ventures, businesses, or endeavors during this month will bring bad luck.
- Associating the first to the thirteenth of Safar with ill fortune and evil.
- Holding the belief that distributing food or money on the 13th of Safar will protect one from its ill fortune.
- Celebrating the last Wednesday of Safar and regarding it as a holiday.
It is essential to understand that these beliefs have no basis in Islamic teachings or authentic sources. Islam rejects the notion of superstitions and emphasizes placing trust in Allah alone. Therefore, it is crucial to abandon such incorrect beliefs and adhere to the true teachings of Islam, relying on Allah’s guidance and decree in all aspects of life.
It is important to abandon all types of erroneous beliefs associated with the blessed month of Safar.
Understand that the most unfortunate person is the one who disobeys the commandments of Allah Ta’ala, such as neglecting the five daily prayers. A hadith narrates that Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said, “O Allah! Do not make any of us a wretched destitute.” When asked who a wretched destitute is, he replied, “It is the one who neglects their salah (prayers).”
Realize that all conditions, whether good or bad, favorable or unfavorable, that befall us are from Allah Ta’ala as a result of our actions. Allah Ta’ala says, “Whatever misfortune befalls you, it is due to the things your hands have wrought, and He forgives many sins.” (Surah 42, Verse 30) This is also confirmed by the following hadith: Sayyadina Jabir (may Allah be pleased with him) reported, “I have heard Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) saying that the belief in the descent of illness and evil superstitions during the month of Safar is untrue.”
Important dates and anniversaries in the month of Safar:
1st – Hadrat Haji Waris Ali Shah
1st – Hadrat Abul Qasim Shah Ismail Hasan Marehrawi
1st – Hadrat Khwaja Shah Muhammad Suleman Tonswi
5th – Umm al-Mu’mineen Sayyidah Maymoonah
6th – Hadrat Sayyid Abdullah Shah Qadiri (Baba Bulleh Shah)
7th – Sayyiduna Baha al-Din Zakariya Multani Suharwardi
9th – Sayyiduna Imam Ali Moosa
9th – Sayyiduna Imam Ali Rida
10th – Umm al-Mu’mineen Sayyidah Juwairiyah bint al-Harith
11th – Mufassir al-Aazam Shaykh Muhammad Ibrahim Rida Jilani Miyan
11th – Shaykh al-Quran Allama Gulam Ali Ashrafi Okarvi
12th – Sayyidatuna Ruqaiyyah bint Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam
12th – Hadrat Mawlana Fadl al-Haq Khayrabadi
12th – Hadrat Shah Abd al-Latif Bhittai
13th – Hadrat Abu Abd ar-RaHman Ahmad Nisai (Compiler Sunan al-Nasai)
14th – Hadrat Sayyiduna Maalik Ibn Dinar
16th – Raees al-Qalam Allama Arshadul Qadiri
19th – Hadrat Sayyid Ahmed Kalpawi
20th – Hadrat Sayyiduna Yahya Ibn Bukayr
23rd – Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Baqir
23rd – Hadrat Sayyiduna Sultan Mehmood Ghaznavi
23rd – Mawlana Muhammad Saleem Qadiri Shaheed
25th – Mujaddid al Aa’zam AlaHadrat ash-Shah Imam Ahmad Rida Khan
26th – Hadrat Sayyiduna Hasan Jilani al-Baghadi
27th – Hadrat Imam Badr al-Din Al-Ayni [Shaarih al-Bukhari]
27th – Hijrat from Makkah of the Beloved Prophet (SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam)
27th – Mujahid al-Kabeer Sultan Salah al-Din al-Ayyubi
27th – Birth of Hadrat Khawaja Nizamuddin Awliya
28th – Martyrdom of Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Hasan Ibn Sayyiduna Ali
29th – Hadrat Imam ar-Rabbani Mujaddid Alf Thaani Shaykh Ahmad Sarhindi
29th – Hadrat Sayyiduna Pir Mahr Ali Shah Gilani Golarrwi
30th – Hafidh al-Hadith Imam Muhammad Haakim Nishapuri
May Allah be pleased with all of them (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhum Ajma’een).
03-Rabi ul Awal
Dehr mein Aaiey Noor-e-Mujassam Kufr pe Chaya Aalam Hoo ka
Apni Dukan-e-Shirk Bar’ha ker Bhaag gaey sub Marqas-o-Luqa
Shaitan Naar-e-Hasad mein Jal kar Reh gaya pi kar Ghoont Lahu ka
Waqt-e-Wiladat-e-Shah-e-Do Aalam Na’ra thaa yeh her Sar-e-Moo ka
Ja’AlHaqqu wa Zahaq al-BaaTil; Inna al -BaTila Kana Zahuqa
All praise is to Allah, the Lord of The Creation. The Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. Owner of the Day of Recompense. Who blessed us being the Ummah of His Beloved Rasool Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam. Who sanctified our hearts with the Love and Affection towards His Beloved Rasool Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam. Who blessed us the with the most precious treasure of Iman (Faith). Countless Salutations, Peace and Blessings be upon the Cream of the Creation… Mercy for all Worlds… Seal of the Prophets Sayyiduna wa Mawlana MuHammadur Rasoolullah Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam, His Blessed Parents, His entire Family, His Progeny, His Companions and His Followers!!
Assalamu Alaikum wa raHmatullahi wa Barakatuhu
AlHamduLILLAH Thumma AlHamduLILLAH!! We are again blessed with the Arrival and Celebration of this Blessed Month of Rabi al-Noor. May ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala bless us all with the blessings of this holy month and give us an opportunity to explore and enjoy the blessings of this holy month in Madina al-Munawwarah, the city of HIS Habeeb al-Kareem Alaihi afDalus Salati wa al-Tasleem. Aameen!
As we all know The month of Safar al Muzaffar has Passed and the blessed month of Rabi al-Noor have started in Madina al-Munawwarah and is just going to start at many other places as well and it’s there among the people:
Jhoom Utha dil kay Maah-e-Noor Aaya
Waah kya baat Iss Maheenay ki!!
Dear Muslims! It’s the time to make ourselves the complete example of the blessed teachings of the Beloved Prophet Muhammad SallAllahu Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam! Today, it is a tragedy that we do not derive lessons and benefits from the teachings of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah’s Sallallaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam as his faithful followers ought to do. The real and true method of celebrating the birth of the Beloved Habeeb Sallallaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam is by intensely concentrating on his action and trying to benefit as much as possible from his words. We should also try to emulate and imitate the Sahaba Radi Allahu Anhum – the model disciples and followers, in our homes and outside, in businesses and private and social gatherings.
We should celebrate the birth of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallallaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam with the same glow and serene devotion of the Companions of the Holy Prophet Radi Allahu anhum and the early Muslims. We profess love for Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallallaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam and express it by making an occasion of his birthday. However, our lives and outlook should bear remembrance in the true sense of the word. Now that we have the tremendous advantage of acquiring and spreading knowledge, there is no excuse on our part for not following the life and teachings of the Holy Prophet Sallallaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam to reinforce and fasten our covenant with Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala.
Let us make ourselves ready to welcome the Blessed Month of Rabi’ al-Awwal Sharif with some special gifts and pleasant changes in ourselves. There are plenty of things we can do, for e.g.
- We can try to recite the Holy Quran al-Kareem at least once in a day. Let it be One Ayah, One Ruku’, One Chapter or as much as we can.
We must try our level best to offer all five (5) obligatory prayers at their particular timings and not to leave Jama’ah (Congregation), especially the FAJR Prayer.
Try observing a voluntary (nafl) fast on Monday for thankfulness because the Holy Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam himself fasted on this day.
My brothers who shave the blessed Sunnah of Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be Upon Him) i.e. the beard, can put their effort to beautify their faces with the beard. Sayyiduna Ibn ‘Umar Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anhu reported that the Messenger of Allah has said, “Do the opposite of what the polytheists do; let the beard grow long and clip the mustache.” A version has, “trim the mustache down and leave the beard.”
My sisters who do not observe a proper Veil (Hijab) can protect themselves by observing the proper veil (Hijab), as it’s also necessary for a Muslim woman. In Surah 33, Verse 59, Almighty Allah says: “O Prophet! Enjoin upon your wives, your daughters and women believers to draw their clothes around them. That is more proper, so that they may be recognized and not be molested.” A newly converted Muslim woman when observed Hijab for the first time, said, “It feels more protected than having huge security of armed forces” – wa alHamduLILLAH
Let us delete all movies and songs saved in our PCs, laptops, iPods, cell phones or any other device and move the CDs, DVDs and cassettes to the trash bin. It is stated in Bayhaqi’s Shu’ab al-Iman and Kanz al-‘Ummal that Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be Upon Him) said, “Songs (Music) cultivate Nifaq (evil) in the minds similar to water growing the crop”
We can make an attempt to feed the poor and destitute according to our own ability.
We can try making arrangements for clothes or other requirements of someone in need or of a widow.
We can make an effort and make arrangements for the fees and books of a poor or orphan child.
Try making arrangements for the medicines of a needy patient or at least helping his family with clothing and other requirements.
If a person in need has taken loan from us, we should either pardon the entire loan or a part of it based on our own ability, just for the sake of Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala and the blessed birth of the Holy Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam. Also, the person can be given some more time to return the loan.
Try meeting relatives, friends and neighbours and presenting them with authentic books on the biography of the Holy Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam, admonishing them to be steadfast on the teachings of Islam and making them pay attention towards Salah, Sawm and other Islamic duties.
Those having an habit or I must say disease of swearing and using abusive slang language in their conversations must leave this act as it is detested by Almighty Allah and is taken as an unethical act even by the general public.
Another Beautiful Sunnah Mubarak of our Beloved Prophet Peace and Blessings of Allah be Upon Him is to wear the blessed Turban. Wearing a turban is the tradition of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam), especially during the prayers. The prayer that is performed wearing a turban carries more reward and according to another narration, the prayer performed wearing a turban carries 70 times reward than that of without the Turban.
Recite as much as Durood Sharif as we can. Apart from the virtues and blessings of reciting Durood Sharif described in Ahadith, this will also help us avoid unnecessary and unwanted talks and gossips and reward for avoiding useless conversation will be achieved as a bonus in sha Allah!!
We must try and make a paramount effort towards lighting up our homes and surrounding area and making the pathways clean.
We must keep our parents pleased and contented with ourselves at the extreme. We have to make sure that we don’t give them a single chance to complain to any of our action that can possibly hurt them.
We must try transforming our internal conflicts into love and making a covenant to live and work together and that none amongst us will ever create conflicts.
We have to respect our elders especially our parents, grandparents and teachers. Also, we should be kind, affectionate and loving towards our younger and give them sweets, toffees and other small gifts that please them.
Last but not the least, we must read and share the narrations of celebrating the blessed Birth of the Beloved Prophet Peace and Blessings of Allah be Upon Him from the authentic books of our prominent Ahl as-Sunnah Scholars in sha ALLAH!!
If we ascetically act upon all the above said advices or even few of them, I am pretty sure that we would become eligible to be called a practical and true Muslim. May Allah give us the tawfeeq, increase our strength and keep us firm upon whatever good we intend to do.
Let us offer such special gifts in the August Court of the Master of the Mankind, King of the Creation of Allah Almighty, Our Master, Our Beloved Prophet MuHammad Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam on his Birthday. May ALLAH Azza wa Jall and His Beloved Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be Upon Him) accept our humble presents… Aameen!!
JazakALLAHu Khariah aHsan al-Jaza fid Daarain in anticipation and the Blessed Month of Rabi’ al-Noor Mubarak to everyone once again!!
Jazakumullaho Khairah aHsan al Jaza fid Daarain
O Rabi’ al-Awwal! Your joys surpass thousands of ‘Eid
All in the universe are rejoicing, except Shaytan!!
Should we celebrate Mawlid
(The Prophet’s “SallalahoAleheWasalam” birthday)?
Yes we should celebrate it every year
And every month and every week
And every hour and every moment.
Isa al-Mani al-Humayri, Department of Awqaaf, Dubai (U.A.E)
Office of Religious Endowments and Islamic Affairs, Dubai Administration of Ifta’ and Research
We find nowadays publications filled with lies and deception which mislead many Muslims into thinking negatively about the
honorable Mawlid of the Prophet. These publications claim that to celebrate the Mawlid is an act of innovation that goes against
Islam. This is far from the truth, and it is therefore necessary for those who can speak clearly to help clarify and reverse the doubts
surrounding this most blessed day. It is with this humble intention that I present the following proofs in support of celebrating our
beloved Prophet’s birthday.
The Prophet said, “He who innovates something in this matter of ours that is not of it will have it rejected.” He also said, “Beware of
innovations, for every innovation (kul bida
) is misguidance.”</em>Umar (RadiAllahoAnho). Those in opposition to Mawlid
Those opposed to Mawlid cite this saying and hold that the word every (kul) is a term of generalization, including all types of
innovations, with no exception, and that therefore, celebrating Mawlid is misguidance. By daring to say that, they accuse the scholars
of Islam of innovation. At the top of the list of those they have accused, then, is our Master
quickly reply to this, “But we did not mean the Companions of the Prophet Muhammad.”
It follows, then, that the meaning of every (kul) cannot be taken in its general sense. Therefore, although the Prophet may not have
said to celebrate his blessed birthday, it is nonetheless not innovation to do so. For, as the following examples show, there were
many actions and practices instituted by his close followers after his time that are not deemed innovation.
Compiling the Qu’ran.
(From a Prophetic saying related by Zaid Ibn Thabit.(RadiAllahoAnho)) “The Prophet died and the Qu’ran had not been compiled anywhere.
UmarUmar said, “By Allah, it is good.’
(RadiAllahoAnho) suggested to Abu Bakr (RadiAllahoAnho) to compile the Qu’ran in one book. When a large number of Companions were killed in the battle of
Yamama, Abu Bakr wondered, “How could we do something that the Prophet did not do?’
UmarUmar kept coming back to me until Allah expanded my chest for the matter.” The saying is narrated
persisted in asking Abu Bakr until Allah expanded his chest for it (Allah made him agree and accept these suggestions) and he sent
for Zaid Ibn Thabit and assigned him to compile the Qu’ran.” Zaid said, “By Allah if they had asked me to move a mountain, it would
not have been more difficult than to compile the Qur’an.” He also said, “How could you do something that the Prophet did not do?”
Abu Bakr said, “It is good, and
in Sahih Al Bukhari.
The Maqam of Ibrahim (AlehiSalam) in relation to the Ka’ba.
(Al Bayhaqi narrated with a strong chain of narrators from Aisha.) “The Maqam during the time of the Prophet and Abu Bakr was
attached to the House, then
Umar moved it back.” Al Hafiz Ibn Hajar said in Al Fath, “The Companions did not opposeUmar,
neither did those who came after them, thus it became unanimous agreement.” He was the first to build the enclosure (maqsura) on
it, which still exists today.
Adding the first call to prayer on Friday.
(From Sahih Al Bukhari, from Al Sa’ib bin Yazid.) “During the time of the Prophet (SallalahoAleheWasalam), Abu Bakr (RadiAllahoAnho) and
Umar (RadiAllahoAnho), the call to FridayAli (RadiAllahoAnho).
prayer used to occur when the Imam sat on the pulpit. When it was Othman’s (RadiAllahoAnho) time, he added the third call (considered third in
relation to the first adhan and the iqama. But it is named first because it proceeds the call to the Friday prayer.)”
Salutations on the Prophet composed and taught by our Master
The salutations have been mentioned by Sa’id bin Mansoor and Ibn Jareer in Tahzeeb al Aathar, and by Ibn Abi Assim and Ya’qoob
bin Shaiba in Akhbar
Ali and by Al Tabarani and others from Salamah Al Kindi.alayna min Rabbina,” peace
The addition to the tashahhud by Ibn Mas’ud.
After “wa rahmatullahi wa barakatu,” and the Mercy of Allah and Blessings, he used to say, “assalamu
upon us from our Lord. Narrated by Al Tabarani in Al Kabir, and the narrators are those of the sound transmitters, as it has been
mentioned in Majma’ Al Zawa’id.
The addition to the tashahhud by Abdullah Ibn
Umar.amalu” This is mentioned in Bukhari, Muslim, et al.
He added the basmalah at the beginning of the tashahhud. He also added to the talbia, “labbaika wa sa’daika wal khayru bi yadayka
wal raghba’u ilayika wal
These are some of the developments instituted by the Prophet’s Companions, the scholars, and the honorable members of his
nation, which did not exist during the time of the Prophet, and which they deemed good. Are they, then, misguided and guilty of bad
As for the claim that there is no such thing in religion as good innovation, here are some sayings of the brilliant scholars of Islam
belying this claim.
Imam Nawawi said in Sahih Muslim (6-21)
“The Prophet’s saying every innovation is a general-particular and it is a reference to most innovations. The linguists say, “Innovation
is any act done without a previous pattern, and it is of five different kinds.’” Imam Nawawi also said in Tahzeeb al Asma’ wal Sifaat,
“Innovation in religious law is to originate anything which did not exist during the time of the Prophet, and it is divided into good and
bad.” He also said, “Al-muhdathat (pl. for muhdatha) is to originate something that has no roots in religious law. In the tradition of
religious law it is called innovation, and if it has an origin within the religious law, then it is not innovation. Innovation in religious law
is disagreeable, unlike in the language where everything that has been originated without a previous pattern is called innovation
regardless of whether it is good or bad.”
Shaykh Ibn Hajar Al Asqalani, the commentator on Al Bukhari, said,
“Anything that did not exist during the Prophet’s time is called innovation, but some are good while others are not.”
Abu Na’eem, narrated from Ibrahim Al Junaid, said, “I heard Ash-Shafi’i saying,
“Innovation is of two types; praiseworthy innovation and blameworthy innovation, and anything that disagrees with the Sunnah is
Imam Albayhaqi narrated in Manaqib Ash-Shafi’i that Ash-Shafi’i said,
“Innovations are of two types: that which contradicts the Qu’ran, the Sunnah, or unanimous agreement of the Muslims is a innovation
of deception, while a good innovation does not contradict any of these things.”
Al `Izz bin Abdussalam said, at the end of his book, Al Qawa’id,
“Innovation is divided into obligatory, forbidden, recommended, disagreeable and permissible, and the way to know which is which is
to match it against the religious law.”
Clearly we see from the opinions of these righteous scholars, that to define innovations in worship as wholly negative without
exception is ignorant. For these pious knowers, among them Imam Nawawi and Ash-Shafi’i, declared that innovations could be
divided into good and bad, based on their compliance or deviance with religious law.
Moreover, the following Prophetic saying is known even to common Muslims, let alone scholars: “He who inaugurates a good
practice (sunnatun hasana) in Islam earns the reward of it, and of all who perform it after him, without diminishing their own rewards
in the least.” Therefore it is permissible for a Muslim to originate a good practice, even if the Prophet didn’t do it, for the sake of doing
good and cultivating the reward. The meaning of inaugurate a good practice (sanna sunnatun hasana) is to establish a practice
through personal reasoning (ijtihad) and derivation (istinbat) from the rules of religious law or its general texts. The actions of the
Prophet’s Companions and the generation following them which we have stated above is the strongest evidence.
The ones prejudiced against celebrating the Prophet’s birthday have paved the way for their falsehood by deceiving the less-learned
among the Muslims. The prejudiced ones claim that Ibn Kathir writes in his Al Bidaya wal Nihaya (11-172) that the Fatimide-Obaidite
state, which descends from the Jew, Obaidillah Bin Maimoon Al Kaddah, ruler of Egypt from 357-567 A.H., innovated the celebration
of a number of days, among them, the celebration of the Prophet’s birthday. This treacherous lie is a grave insult to the scholarship
of Ibn Kathir and the scholarship of all Islam. For in truth, Ibn Kathir writes about the Prophet’s birthday in Al bidaya wal nihaya 
“The victorious king Abu Sa’id Kawkaburi, was one of the generous, distinguished masters, and the glorious kings; he left good
impressions and used to observe the honorable Mawlid by having a great celebration. Moreover, he was chivalrous, brave, wise, a
scholar, and just.” Ibn Kathir continues, “And he used to spend three hundred thousand Dinars on the Mawlid.” In support, Imam Al
Dhahabi writes of Abu Sa’id Kawkaburi, in Siyar A’laam al nubala’ [22-336] “He was humble, righteous, and loved religious learned
men and scholars of Prophetic saying.”
Following are some sayings of the rightly guided Imams regarding the Mawlid.
Imam Al Suyuti, from Alhawi lil fatawi, wrote a special chapter entitled “The Good Intention in Commemorating the Mawlid,” at the
beginning of which he said,
“There is a question being asked about commemorating the Mawlid of the Prophet in the month of Rabi’ Al Awal: what is the religious
legal ruling in this regard, is it good or bad? Does the one who celebrates get rewarded or not?” The answer according to me is as
follows: To commemorate the Mawlid, which is basically gathering people together, reciting parts of the Qu’ran, narrating stories
about the Prophet’s birth and the signs that accompanied it, then serving food, and afterwards, departing, is one of the good
innovations; and the one who practices it gets rewarded, because it involves venerating the status of the Prophet and expressing joy
for his honorable birth.
Ibn Taymiyya said in his book Iqtida’ Al Sirat Al Mustaqeem (pg. 266)
“Likewise, what some people have innovated, in competition with the Christians in celebrating the birth of Jesus, or out of love and
veneration of the Prophetâ¦£128;æ¦±uot; and he continues “â¦£128;æ´¨at the predecessors didn’t do, even though there is a reason
for it, and there is nothing against it.” This is a saying of someone who set fanaticism aside and sought to please Allah and his
Prophet. As far as we are concerned, we commemorate the Mawlid for no other reason but what Ibn Taymiya said, “Out of love and
veneration of the Prophet.” May Allah reward us according to this love and effort, and may Allah bless the one who said, “Let alone
what the Christians claim about their Prophet, and you may praise Muhammad in any way you want and attribute to his essence all
honors and to his status all greatness, for his merit has no limits that any expression by any speaker might reach.”
In the same source previously mentioned, Al Suyuti said,
“Someone asked Ibn Hajar about commemorating the Mawlid. Ibn Hajar answered, “Basically, commemorating the Mawlid is an
innovation that has not been transmitted by the righteous Muslims of the first three centuries. However, it involves good things and
their opposites, therefore, whoever looks for the good and avoids the opposites then it is a good innovation.’ It occurred to me (Al
Suyuti) to trace it to its established origin, which has been confirmed in the two authentic books: Al Sahihain. When the Prophet
arrived in Medina he found that the Jews fast the day of Aashura; when he inquired about it they said, “This is the day when Allah
drowned the Pharaoh and saved Moses, therefore we fast it to show our gratitude to Allah.’ From this we can conclude that thanks
are being given to Allah on a specific day for sending bounty or preventing indignity or harm.” Al Suyuti then commented, “What
bounty is greater than the bounty of the coming of this Prophet, the Prophet of Mercy, on that day?”
“This is regarding the basis of Mawlid. As for the activities, there should be only the things that express thankfulness to Allah, such
as what has been previously mentioned: reciting Qu’ran, eating food, giving charity, reciting poetry praising the Prophet or on piety
which moves hearts and drives them to do good and work for the Hereafter.”
These are the derivations that those opposed to Mawlid call false conclusions and invalid analogies.
Imam Mohammed bin Abu Bakr Abdullah Al Qaisi Al Dimashqi.
Jami’ Al Athar fi Mawlid, AlNabiy Al Mukhtar, Al lafz al ra’iq fi Mawlid khayr al khala’iq, and Mawlid al sadi fi Mawlid Al Hadi,
Iraqi.Ali Al Qari.
Al Mawlid al heni fi al Mawlid al sani.
Al Mawlid Al rawi fil Mawlid al Nabawi.
Imam Ibn Dahiya.
Al Tanweer fi Mawlid Al basheer Al Nadheer.
Imam Shamsu Din bin Nasir Al Dimashqi.
Mawlid al Sadi fi Mawlid Al Hadi. He is the one who said about the Prophet’s estranged uncle, Abu Lahab, “This unbeliever who has
been dispraised, “perish his hands” [111: 1], will stay in Hell forever. Yet, every Monday his torment is being reduced because of his
joy at the birth of the Prophet.” How much mercy can a servant expect who spends all his life joyous about the Prophet and dies
believing in the Oneness of Allah?
Imam Shamsu Din Ibn Al Jazri.
Al Nashr fil Qira’at Al
Ashr,Urf Al Ta’reef bil Mawlid al shareef.
Imam Ibn Al Jawzi
Imam Ibn Al Jawzi said about the honorable Mawlid, “It is security throughout the year, and glad tidings that all wishes and desires
will be fulfilled.”
Imam Abu Shama
Imam Abu Shama (Imam Nawawi’s shaykh) in his book Al ba’ith ala Inkar Al bida
wal hawadith (pg.23) said, “One of the bestAli bin al Dayba’ al Shaybani
innovations in our time is what is being done every year on the Prophet’s birthday, such as giving charity, doing good deeds,
displaying ornaments, and expressing joy, for that expresses the feelings of love and veneration for him in the hearts of those who
are celebrating, and also, shows thankfulness to Allah for His bounty by sending His Messenger, the one who has been sent as a
Mercy to the worlds.”
Imam Al Shihab Al Qastalani
Imam Al Shihab Al Qastalani (Al Bukhari’s commentator) in his book Al mawahib Al Ladunniya (1-148) said, “May Allah have mercy
on the one who turns the nights of the month of the Prophet’s birth into festivities in order to decrease the suffering of those whose
hearts are filled with disease and sickness.”
There are others who wrote and spoke about Mawlid, such as Imam Al Sakhawi, Imam Wajihu Din bin
al Zubaidi, and many more, which we will not mention due to the limited space available. From these many evidences, it should be
clear by now that celebrating the Mawlid is highly commendable and allowed. Surely we cannot simply shrug off as heretics the
scholars and dignitaries of this nation who approved the commemoration of the Mawlid and wrote countless books on the subject.
Are all these scholars, to whom the whole world is indebted for the beneficial books they have written on Prophetic sayings,
jurisprudence, commentaries, and other sorts of knowledge, among the indecent who commit sins and evil? Are they, as those
opposed to Mawlid claim, imitating the Christians in celebrating the birth of Jesus? Are they claiming that the Prophet did not convey
to the nation what they should do? We leave answers to these questions up to you.
And yet we must continue to examine the errors which those opposed to Mawlid utter. They say “If celebrating the Mawlid is from the
religion, then the Prophet would have made it clear to the nation, or would have done it in his lifetime, or it would have been done by
the Companions.” No one can say that the Prophet did not do it out of his humbleness, for this is speaking evil of him, so they cannot
use this argument.
Furthermore, that the Prophet and his Companions did not do a certain thing does not mean they made that thing prohibited. The
proof is in the Prophet’s saying, “Whoever establishes, in Islam, a good practice…” cited earlier. This is the strongest evidence that
gives encouragement to innovate whatever practices have foundations in religious law, even if the Prophet and his Companions did
not do them. Al Shafi’i said, “Anything that has a foundation in religious law is not an innovation even if the Companions did not do it,
because their refraining from doing it might have been for a certain excuse they had at the time, or they left it for something better, or
perhaps not all of them knew about it.” Therefore, whoever prohibits anything based on the concept that the Prophet did not do it, his
claim has no proof and must be rejected.
Thus we say to the rejecters of Mawlid: based on the rule you have attempted to found, that is, that whoever does anything that the
Prophet or his Companions did not do is committing innovation, it would follow that the Prophet did not complete the religion for his
nation, and that the Prophet did not convey to the nation what they should do. No one says this or believes this except a heretic
defecting from the religion of Allah. To the doubters of Mawlid we declare, “Based on what you say, we convict you.” For you have
innovated in the basics of worship a large number of things that the Prophet did not doâ¦£128;â¦£128;Â nor did his Companions,
the Generation after the Companions, or the Generation after them. For instance:
• Congregating people behind one Imam to pray Salat al Tahajjud after Salat Al Tarawih, in the two Holy Mosques and other
• Reciting the Prayer of Completion of the Qu’ran in Salat al Tarawih and also in Salat al Tahajjud.
• Designating the 27th night of Ramadan to complete reading the entire Qu’ran in the two Holy Mosques.
• A caller saying, after Salat al Tarawih, in the Qiyam prayer, “May Allah reward you.”
• Founding organizations which did not exist in the time of the Prophet, such as Islamic universities, societies for committing
the Qu’ran to memory, and offices for missionary work, and committees for enjoining good and forbidding evil. We are not
objecting to these things, since they are forms of good innovation. We merely list these innovations to point out that those
who oppose Mawlid clearly contradict their own rule stating that anything that neither the Prophet nor his Companions did
is innovation. And since they claim that all innovation is bad, they themselves are guilty.
Yet another claim they make is to say that those who commemorate the Mawlid are mostly indecent and immoral. This is a vulgar
statement and it only reflects the character of the one saying it. Are all the distinguished scholars that we have mentioned, from the
point of view of those opposed to Mawlid, indecent and immoral? We won’t be surprised if this is what they believe. This is a most
serious slander. We say, as the poet said, “When Allah wants to spread a virtue that has been hidden, He would let a tongue of an
envious person know about it.”
Those opposed to Mawlid, may Allah guide them, have confused some expressions, and claim that some religious scholars
associate partners with Allah. Take for example the plea of Imam Al Busiery to Prophet Muhammad, “Oh, most generous of creation,
I have no one to resort to, save You, when the prevailing event takes place.” They must examine carefully the saying of Imam Al
Busiery: inda hulul il amim, when the prevailing event takes place. What is al Amim? It means that which prevails over the whole
universe, and all of creation, in referring to the Day of Judgment. Imam Al Busiery is asking intercession from the Prophet on the Day
of Judgment because on that Day we will have no one to resort to, or appeal to. Imam Al Busiery seeks his intercession to Allah
through the Prophet, for when all other Messengers and Prophets will be saying, “Myself, myself,” the Prophet will be saying, “I am
the one for it, I am for it [the Intercession]” It becomes even more clear now that the doubts of those opposed to Mawlid are
unfounded, just as their charges of associating partners with Allah are unfounded. This is due to their blindness, both physical and
Another similar example can be found in the well-known saying transmitted by the distinguished Imam Al Kamal bin Al Hammam Al
Hanafi, author of Fath il Qadeer fi manasik al Farisi, and Sharh al Mukhtar min al sada al ahnaf. When Imam Abu Hanifa visited
Medina, he stood in front of the honorable grave of the Prophet and said, “O, most honorable of the Two Weighty Ones (humankind
and jinn)! O, treasure of mankind, shower your generosity upon me and please me with your pleasure. I am aspiring for your
generosity, and there is no one for Abu Hanifa in the world but you.” Again, we must not misinterpret this entreaty, but realize its true
Yet another misconception those opposed to Mawlid hold can be seen in their statements such as these: “What occurs during
Mawlid is mixing between men and women, singing and playing musical instruments, and drinking alcohol.” I myself know this to be
a lie, for I have attended many Mawlids and have not seen any mixing, and never heard any musical instruments. And as for
drunkenness, yes, I have seen it, but not that of worldly people. We found people intoxicated with the love of the Prophet, a state
surpassing even the agony of death, which we know overcame our master Bilal at the time of his death. In the midst of this sweet
stupor he was saying, “Tomorrow I shall meet the loved ones, Muhammad and his Companions.”
To continue, those opposed to Mawlid say, “The day of the Prophet’s birth is the same day of the week as his death. Therefore, joy
on this day is no more appropriate than sorrow, and if religion is according to one’s opinion, then this day should be a day of
mourning and sorrow.” This kind of lame eloquence, is answered by the Imam Jalal al Din al Suyuti, in Al hawi lil fatawi (pg.193),
“The Prophet’s birth is the greatest bounty, and his death is the greatest calamity. Religious law urges us to express thankfulness for
bounties, and be patient and remain calm during calamities. Religious law has commanded us to sacrifice an animal on the birth of a
child [and distribute the meat to the needy], which is an expression of gratitude and happiness with the newborn, while it did not
command us to sacrifice at the time of death. Also, it prohibited wailing and showing grief. Therefore, the rules of Divine Law indicate
that it is recommended to show joy during the month of the Prophet’s birth, and not to show sorrow for his death.”
Furthermore, Ibn Rajab, in his book Al lata’if, dispraising the rejecters of Mawlid based on the above argument, said, “Some
designated the day of Aashura as a funeral ceremony for the murder of Al Hussein. But neither Allah nor His Prophet commanded
that the days of the prophets’ great trials or deaths should be declared days of mourning, let alone those with lesser rank.”
We conclude this article with a saying of the Prophet, which has been narrated by Abu Ya’la, from Hudhaifa and about which Ibn
Kathir said, “It’s chain of transmission is good.” Abu Ya’la said, “The Prophet has said, “One of the things that concerns me about my
nation is a man who studied the Qu’ran, and when its grace started to show on him and he had the appearance of a Muslim, he
detached himself from it, and threw it behind his back, and went after his neighbor with a sword and accused him of associating
partners with Allah.’ I then asked, “Oh, Prophet of Allah, which one is more guilty of associating partners with Allah, the accused or
the accuser?’ The Prophet said, “It is the accuser.’”
Completed, with all Praises to Allah and salutations and peace be upon our master Holy Prophet Muhammed, his blessed and
purified Family, Progeny and loyal Companions.
Permissibly of Celebrating Mawlid
In present era we are suffering sects and scholars who imposes verdicts of Shirk and Bid’at on those who celebrate Mawlid an-Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam with great enthusiasm and integrity and due to which the simple and straightforward people who are less in knowledge of Qur’an and Hadith get nervous whether they are following the Truth or not.
Here are ample proofs from Qur’an al-Kareem and Ahadith of Beloved Prophet Peace and Blessings of Allah be Upon Him which shows beyond a shadow of a doubt that Celebrating Milad-un-Nabi Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam is absolutely Lawful.
قَالَ عِيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا أَنزِلْ عَلَيْنَا مَآئِدَةً مِّنَ السَّمَاءِ تَكُونُ لَنَا عِيداً لأَوَّلِنَا وَآخِرِنَا وَآيَةً مِّنكَ وَارْزُقْنَا وَأَنتَ خَيْرُ الرَّازِقِينَ
Eisa, the son of Maryam, said, “O Allah, O our Lord! Send down to us a table spread from heaven, so that it may become a day of celebration for us – for our former and latter people – and a sign from You; and give us sustenance – and You are the Best Provider Of Sustenance.” [Surah Al-Ma’idah, Verse 114]
The day when food is sent from skies is day of rejoicing (EID); then the day when soul of universe Peace be with him was born must be the delight for the day of rejoicing.Look what Allah has said:
وَأَمَّا بِنِعْمَةِ رَبِّكَ فَحَدِّثْ
And abundantly proclaim the favours of your Lord. [Surah Al-Duha, Verse 11]
Allah himself commemorating Milad in Holy Qar’an as we do in our gatherings, Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala Says in the Holy Qur’an:
هُوَ الَّذِي أَرْسَلَ رَسُولَهُ بِالْهُدَى وَدِينِ الْحَقِّ لِيُظْهِرَهُ عَلَى الدِّينِ كُلِّهِ وَكَفَى بِاللهِ شَهِيدًا
It is He Who has sent His Noble Messenger with the guidance and the true religion, in order to make it prevail over all other religions; and Allah is sufficient as a Witness. [Surah Al-Fatha, Verse 28]
وَإِذْ قَالَ عِيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ يَا بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ إِنِّي رَسُولُ اللهِ إِلَيْكُم مُّصَدِّقًا لِّمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيَّ مِنَ التَّوْرَاةِ وَمُبَشِّرًا بِرَسُولٍ يَأْتِي مِن بَعْدِي اسْمُهُ أَحْمَدُ فَلَمَّا جَاءَهُم بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ الُوا هَذَا سِحْرٌ مُّبِينٌ
And remember when Eisa the son of Maryam said, “O Descendants of Israel! Indeed I am Allah’s Noble Messenger towards you, confirming the Book Torah which was before me, and heralding glad tidings of the Noble Messenger who will come after me – his name is Ahmed (the Praised One)”; so when Ahmed came to them with clear proofs, they said, “This is an obvious magic.” [Surah As-Saf, Verse 6]
لَقَدْ جَاءَكُمْ رَسُولٌ مِّنْ أَنفُسِكُمْ عَزِيزٌ عَلَيْهِ مَا عَنِتُّمْ حَرِيصٌ عَلَيْكُم بِالْمُؤْمِنِينَ رَؤُوفٌ رَّحِيمٌ
Indeed there has come to you a Noble Messenger from among you – your falling into hardship aggrieves him, most concerned for your well being, for the Muslims most compassionate, most merciful. [Surah Tauba, Verse 128]
لَقَدْ مَنَّ اللهُ عَلَى الْمُؤمِنِينَ إِذْ بَعَثَ فِيهِمْ رَسُولاً مِّنْ أَنفُسِهِمْ يَتْلُواْ عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتِهِ وَيُزَكِّيهِمْ وَيُعَلِّمُهُمُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَإِن كَانُواْ مِن قَبْلُ لَفِي ضَلالٍ مُّبِينٍ
Allah has indeed bestowed a great favour upon the Muslims, in that He sent to them a Noble Messenger (Prophet Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him) from among them, who recites to them His verses, and purifies them, and teaches them the Book and wisdom; and before it, they were definitely in open error. [Surah Aal-e-Imran, Verse 164]
يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ قَدْ جَاءَتْكُم مَّوْعِظَةٌ مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ وَشِفَاءٌ لِّمَا فِي الصُّدُورِ وَهُدًى وَرَحْمَةٌ لِّلْمُؤْمِنِينَ ۔۔۔ قُلْ بِفَضْلِ اللّهِ وَبِرَحْمَتِهِ فَبِذَلِكَ فَلْيَفْرَحُواْ هُوَ خَيْرٌ مِّمَّا يَجْمَعُونَ
O mankind! The advice has come to you from your Lord and a cure for the hearts – and guidance and mercy for believers. Say, “Upon Allah’s munificence and upon His mercy – upon these should the people rejoice”; that is better than all their wealth and possessions. [Surah Al-Yunus, Verse 57/58]
And this is what we do, we celebrate; we rejoice; we do spend our money to show gratitude to Allah Almighty on his greatest mercy and Blessing i.e. celebrations of Milad-un-Nabi because Qur’an Says:
وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَاكَ إِلا رَحْمَةً لِّلْعَالَمِينَ
And We did not send you (O dear Prophet Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him) except as a mercy for the entire world. [Surah Al-Anbiya, Verse 107]
Let us have the opinions of Prophet (Peace be with him) who himself celebrated his Birthday. See Muslim Sharif:
عَنْ أَبِى قَتَادَةَ الأَنْصَارِىِّ رضى الله عنه أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ -صلى الله عليه وسلم- سُئِلَ عَنْ صَوْمِ الاِثْنَيْنِ فَقَالَ « فِيهِ وُلِدْتُ وَفِيهِ أُنْزِلَ عَلَىَّ
Abi Qatada Ansari (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that Allah’s Messenger (may Peace and Blessings of Allah be Upon Him) was asked about fasting on Monday, whereupon he said: It is (the day) when I was born and revelation was sent down to me.
References:1. Sahih Muslim, Book 6 – Fasting, Vol. 7, Page 323, Hadith 2807
2. Asad al-Gaba fi Ma’arfat as-Sahaba, Vol. 1, Page 21-22, published in Lahore 1987
3. Sunan al-Kubra lil Bayhaqi, Vol. 4, Page 286
4. Musannaf Abd ar-Razzak, Vol. 4, Page 296, Hadith7865
5. Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 7, Page 255, Hadith 2428
6. Musnad Ahmad, Vol. 49, Page 195, Hadith 23200When beloved Prophet (Peace and Blessings be Upon him) is celebrating his birthday not yearly but every Monday then how it can be labeled as Shirk or Bid’at?
Beloved Prophet Muhammad SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam himself commemorated about his birth in numerous Ahadith. Few of them are presented below.
ورأت أمي حين حملت بى أنه خرج منها نور أضاء له قصور بصرى من أرض الشام
Holy Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be Upon Him) said: “When my mother gave birth to me she saw a light proceeding from her which showed her the castles of Syria”
2. Bayhaqi, Dala’il an-Nubuwwa 1:110
3. Haythami, Zawa’id 8:221
4. Ibn al-Jawzi ‘al-Wafa’
5. Qadi Iyad, ‘al-Shifa’
6. Musnad Ahmad 4:127
أول ما خلق الله تعالى نوري
The Holy Prophet Muhammad (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam) has stated, “The very first thing which Almighty Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala created was my Noor.”
References:1. Tafseer Nashyapuri, Page 55, Vol. 8
2. Tafseer Araa’is ul Bayaan, Page 238, Vol. 1
3. Tafseer Roohul Bayaan, Page 548, Vol. 1
4. Zirkaani ala al-Mawahib, Page 37, Vol. 1
5. Madarij an-Nabuwwah, Page 6, Vol. 2
6. Bayaan al-Miladun Nabi li Ibn Jauzi, Page 24Sharih al-Bukhari Imam Ahmad Qastalani (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu) states in his most distinguished work “Muwahib al ladaniyah” that narration has been made by Hadrat Imam Zainul Abedeen (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu) who narrates from His father Hadrat Imam Husain (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu) who narrates from His father Hadrat Ali Mushkil Kusha (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu) that the Holy Prophet (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam) has stated,
كنت نورا بين يدى ربى قبل خلق آدم باربعة عشر ألف عام
“I was a Noor (Light) by my creator 14000 years before the creation of Hadrat Adam (Alaihis Salaam)”
2. Zirkani ala al-Mawahib, Page 49, Vol. 1
3. Jawahir al-Bihar, Page 774
4. Anwaar al-Muhammadiya, Page 9
5. Tafseer Rooh al-Bayan, Page 370, Vol. 2
6. Hujjatullahi Ala al-Alameen
Pupil of Imam Malik and the teacher of Imam Ahmed Bin Hanbal and Hafizul Hadith Abdul Razzak Abu Bakr Bin Hamman, the teacher of the teachers of Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim, in his Book “Musannaf”, has narrated from Hadrat Jabir bin Abdullah Ansari and his son (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhum), that he asked the Holy Messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessings of Allah be Upon Him)
روى عبد الرزاق -فيما قيل- عن جابر رضي الله عنه قال: “قلت: يا رسول الله بأبي أنت وأمّي أخبرني عن أول شىء خلقه الله تعالى قبل الأشياء؟ قال: يا جابر إن الله تعالى خلق قبل الأشياء نور نبيّك من نوره فجعل ذلك النور يدور بالقدرة حيث شاء الله ولم يكن في ذلك الوقت لوح ولا قلم ولا جنّة ولا نار ولا ملك ولا سماء ولا أرض ولا شمس ولا قمر ولا جني ولا إنسي، فلما أراد الله أن يخلق الخلق قسّم ذلك النور أربعة أجزاء فخلق من الجزء الأول القلم، ومن الثاني اللوح، ومن الثالث العرش، ثم قسم الجزء الرابع أربعة أجزاء فخلق من الجزء الأول حملة العرش، ومن الثاني الكرسي، ومن الثالث باقي الملائكة، ثم قسّم الرابع أربعة أجزاء فخلق من الأول السموات، ومن الثاني الأرضين، ومن الثالث الجنّة والنار، ثم قسم الرابع أربعة أجزاء فخلق من الأول نور أبصار المؤمنين، ومن الثاني نور قلوبهم وهي المعرفة بالله، ومن الثالث نور أنسهم وهو التوحيد لا إله إلا الله محمّد رسول الله….”
O Prophet of Allah! My parents be sacrificed upon you, what did the Almighty Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala first create?” The Prophet (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam) replied: “Allah first created my Noor (Light) of His Noor. This Noor traveled about according to the Will of Allah. At that time, there was no Heaven, Hell, Lawh (Divine Tablet), Pen, Earth, Skies, Sun, Moon, Jinn or Human Beings. When He decided to create, He divided that Noor into four parts. From one part He created the Pen, from the second, the Lawh and from the third, he made the Arsh (Throne). He divided the fourth part into a further four parts. From one, He created those Angels who carry the Arsh, from the second, the Kursi (Divine Chair) and from the third, He created the Angels. He again divided the remaining parts into a further four parts. From one, He created the skies. The second was used in creating the planets. From the third, Heaven and Earth were created. Once again, He divided the fourth part into a further four parts. From one part He created the power with which the believers see. From the second, He created in the hearts of the Believers the Noor of Marifat. From the third, He created Noor in the tongues of the Believers, so that they can read the Kalima of Tawheed.
References:1. Muwahib al-Ladunniyah, Page 9, Vol. 1
2. Zirkani Shareef, Page 46, Vol. 1
3. Seerate al-Halabia, Page 37, Vol. 1
4. Mutali ul Musarraat Sharah Dalail Khayrat, Page 610
5. Afdal al-Qura by Imam Ibn Hajr Makki
6. Hujatullahu ala al-Alameen, Page 68
7. Anwaar al-Muhammadiya, Page 9
8. Aqidat ash-Shuhada, Page 100
9. Fatawa Hadithia, Page 51
10. Dalaa’il an-Nubuwwah By Imam Baihaqi
11. Khamees by Allama Dayar Bakri
12. Madarij an-Nabuwwat by Skaykh Abdul Haq Muhaddith DehlviAbu Lahab was an uncle to the Prophet (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam). The event, which Imaam Qastalaani has referred to, is this. When a maid of Abu Lahab (Abdul ‘Uzza) named Thuwaibah informed him of a son being born to his brother Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with him), he (Abu Lahab) was so delighted at herring this that he pointed his finger to her in a manner which signified her emancipation for carrying the good news to him But when the holy Prophet (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam) declared his Prophet hood, he (Abu Lahab) did not accept him as a Prophet but became a most severe enemy to him and remained so all his life. In condemnation of him a whole Surah of the Holy Qur’an descended.
لَمَّا مَاتَ أَبُو لَهَب رَأَيْته فِي مَنَامِي بَعْد حَوْل فِي شَرّ حَال فَقَالَ : مَا لَقِيت بَعْدكُمْ رَاحَة ، إِلَّا أَنَّ الْعَذَاب يُخَفَّف عَنِّي كُلّ يَوْم اِثْنَيْنِ ، قَالَ : وَذَلِكَ أَنَّ النَّبِيّ صَلَّى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ وُلِدَ يَوْم الِاثْنَيْنِ ، وَكَانَتْ ثُوَيْبَة بَشَّرَتْ أَبَا لَهَب بِمَوْلِدِهِ فَأَعْتَقَهَا
After his death, people of Abu Lahab’s household saw him in a dream, and asked him how he had fared. To this, Abu Lahab said that after departing from them he did not meet with any good but was being given water every Monday from the finger with which he had indicated the emancipation of Thuwaibah, and this water lessened his torment.
References:1(a). Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 1, Page 153, Hadith No 5101, Kitaabun Nikaah, Publisher: Darul Fikr – Berut.
1(b). Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 7, Book 62, Wedlock, Marriage (Nikaah), Hadith 038
1(c). Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 6, Page 764.
2. Fathul Baari Sharha Sahih al-Bukhari, Vol. 9, Page 118 by Imam Ibn-e-Hajr Asqalani
3. Fathul Baari Sharha Sahih al-Bukhari, Vol. 9, Page 145 by Imam Ibn-e-Hajr Asqalani
4. Musannaf by Abdur Razzaq San’ani, Vol. 7, Page 478
5. Umdat al-Qaari Sharha Sahih al-Bukhari by Allama Badruddin Ainee, Vol. 2, Page 95Allama Muhammad Bin Alawai Malki have stated in his work, Houl al-IHtifal Bi Zikri Mawlid an-Nabawi Ash-Sharif:
Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam after announcing his prophet hood, did his Aqeeqa, not only this, he also stood on his mim’ber sharif (pulpit) and recited his Shajra (Ancestral Tree), commemorated the birth of Hadrat Adam and Status of Hadrat Ibrahim, Hadrat Esa, Hadrat Moosa Alaihimus Salam. He ordered few of his companions to recite his praise; Many of the Companions offered poems in the prominence and praise of Syyiduna Rasoolullah, He was delighted hearing this and prayed for his companions. [Houl al-iH’tifal Bi Zikri Mawlid an-Nabawi Ash-Sharif, Published in Lahore 1987]
May we be sacrificed at this Merriment O blessed month of Rabi’ al-Awwal!!
Your joys surpass thousands of ‘Eids; All in the world are rejoicing, except Shaytan