He it is Who created you, then some of you are disbelievers and some of you are believers.
meaning, Allah created you with these characteristics and He willed that for you. Therefore, there will be believers and disbelievers. Surely, Allah is the One Who sees those who deserve guidance and those who deserve misguidance. He is the Witness over His servant’s deeds and He will completely recompense them.
This is why Allah the Exalted said,
… وَاللَّهُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ بَصِيرٌ ﴿٢﴾
And Allah is All-Seer of what you do.
خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ بِالْحَقِّ …
He has created the heavens and the earth with truth,
Therefore, believe in Allah and in His Messenger and in the Light which We have sent down.
that is, the Qur’an,
… وَاللَّهُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ خَبِيرٌ ﴿٨﴾
And Allah is All-Aware of what you do.
none of your deeds ever escapes His knowledge.
The Day of At-Taghabun
يَوْمَ يَجْمَعُكُمْ لِيَوْمِ الْجَمْعِ …
The Day when He will gather you on the Day of Gathering,
meaning the Day of Resurrection. This is the Day when the earlier and later generations will all be gathered in one area, a caller would be heard by them all, and one’s vision would easily see them all.
And whosoever believes in Allah and performs righteous deeds, He will expiate from him his sins, and will admit him to Gardens beneath which rivers flow (Paradise), to dwell therein forever; that will be the great success.
But those who disbelieved and denied Our Ayat, they will be the dwellers of the Fire, to dwell therein forever. And worst indeed is that destination.
and whosoever believes in Allah, He guides his heart. And Allah is the All-Knower of everything.
meaning, whoever suffered an affliction and he knew that it occurred by Allah’s judgement and decree, and he patiently abides, awaiting Allah’s reward, then Allah guides his heart, and will compensate him for his loss in this life by granting guidance to his heart and certainty in faith. Allah will replace whatever he lost for Him with the same or what is better.
Ali bin Abi Talhah reported from Ibn `Abbas, وَمَن يُؤْمِن بِاللَّهِ يَهْدِ قَلْبَهُ (and whosoever believes in Allah, He guides his heart).
“Allah will guide his heart to certainty. Therefore, he will know that what reached him would not have missed him and what has missed him would not have reached him.”
There is an agreed upon Hadith that Al-Bukhari and Muslim collected and which states,
Let not your properties or you children divert you from the remembrance of Allah. And whosoever does that then they are the losers. (63:9)
Allah the Exalted said here,
… فَاحْذَرُوهُمْ …
therefore, beware of them! (for your religion, according to Ibn Zayd).
Mujahid explained the Ayah, إِنَّ مِنْ أَزْوَاجِكُمْ وَأَوْلَادِكُمْ عَدُوًّا لَّكُمْ (Verily, among your wives and your children there are enemies for you); by saying,
“They might direct the man to sever his relation or disobey his Lord. The man, who loves his wives and children, might obey them in this case.”
Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that Ibn Abbas said to a man who asked him about this Ayah, يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِنَّ مِنْ أَزْوَاجِكُمْ وَأَوْلَادِكُمْ عَدُوًّا لَّكُمْ فَاحْذَرُوهُمْ (O you who believe! Verily, among your wives and your children there are enemies for you; therefore beware of them!)
“There were men who embraced Islam in Makkah and wanted to migrate to Allah’s Messenger. However, their wives and children refused to allow them. Later when they joined Allah’s Messenger, they found that those who were with him (the Companions) have gained knowledge in the religion, so they were about to punish their wives and children. Allah the Exalted sent down this Ayah,
Beautified for men is the love of things they covet; women children, Qanatir Al-Muqantarah of gold and silver, branded beautiful horses, cattle and well-tilled land. This is the pleasure of the present world’s life; but Allah has the excellent return with him. (3:14), and the Ayah after it.
Imam Ahmad recorded that Buraydah said,
“The Messenger of Allah was giving a speech and Al-Hasan and Husayn came in wearing red shirts, walking and tripping. The Messenger descended from the Minbar, held them and placed them in front of them and said,
When I command you to do something, do as much as you can of it, and whatever I forbid for you, then avoid it.
…وَاسْمَعُوا وَأَطِيعُوا …
listen and obey,
means, obey what Allah and His Messenger command you to do and do not stray from it to the right or left. Do not utter a statement or make a decision before Allah and His Messenger issue a statement or decision. Do not ignore what you were ordered to do, nor commit what you were forbidden from doing.
Allah the Exalted said,
… وَأَنفِقُوا خَيْرًا لِّأَنفُسِكُمْ …
and spend in charity; that is better for yourselves.
meaning, give from what Allah has granted you to your relatives, the poor, the needy and the weak. Be kind to Allah’s creatures, just as Allah was and still is kind with you. This will be better for you in this life and the Hereafter. Otherwise, if you do not do it, it will be worse for you in this life and the Hereafter.