Fatawa Alamgiri – Fatawa Alamgiri Complete in Arabic+Urdu Jild-1 to 10
Name: Fatawa Almgeri
Name: فتاوٰی عالمگیری ۸
Author: Molana Abu Abee-u-Allah مولانا ابو عبیداللہ
Molana Sayad Ameer Ali مولانا سید امیر علی
Publisher: Maktaba Rahmania
Publish Date: 10-May-2013
Download PDF files here
|Fatawa Behr Al Aloom 1 18.88 MB|
|Fatawa Behr Al Aloom 2 21.22 MB|
|Fatawa Behr Al Aloom 3 17.49 MB|
|Fatawa Behr Al Aloom 4 18.24 MB|
|Fatawa Behr Al Aloom 5 17.93 MB|
|Fatawa Behr Al Aloom 6 15.67 MB|
Fatawa Al Alamgiri is a compilation of sharia law which was implemented as the law regulating body of the Mughal Empire. It was hailed as one of the greatest digest’s Muslim laws created in India and served as a model for other empires.
This book will include verses from the Qur’an, hadiths, and other Islamic teachings. It will provide guidance for Muslims.
A range of scholars with expertise in various areas helped to compile the legal code contributing their own expertise. These experts were brought together by emperors Aurangzeb and had been working on Fatawa-e-Alamgiri for many years, resulting in a complete Islamic legal code for South Asia in the late Mughal Era. The rulings are based on the time period it was compiled and the questions it dealt with, so will not apply well today.
The Fatawa is notable for the following reasons:
There are currently 6 volumes printed in modern editions. There were originally 30 volumes, each in various languages.
Proto-industrialization was an early stage of industrialization in Bengal Subah.
It has served as the basis of law throughout the Mughal empire
It created a legal system that treated people differently based on their religion
When India was colonized by the British, they relied upon Islamic law books and judges to maintain their legal system. That created a hierarchy of scholars, which ultimately led to English speakers relying on judges for disputes involving Islamic law.
In the 19th century, European colonial officials found inconsistencies within Fatawa-i Alamgiri, the document which was commissioned and specified by a Muslim ruler. This inconsistency led to the government’s distrust of Maulavis (Muslim legal scholars), as well as anxiety from other sects who don’t believe in Hanafi sharia. In response, the British created a bureaucracy for religious laws for Muslims and common laws for non-Muslims.
The British attempted to translate the Fatawa-i Alamgiri for Indian Muslims. In 1873, Sircar published another English compilation of Muhammadan law which incorporated a translation of numerous sections of the Fatawa-i Alamgiri.
Topical discussion about fatawa
The Fatawa-e-Alamgiri reconciled Islamic law and its impact on Muslims during the 1700s. 500 scholars from different regions met in Delhi to create this document.
Fatawa-i Alamgiri offers rulings similar to other Hanafi texts and there are specific subjects covered in this book.
A fatwa by Muhammad Allamgiri
Analyze the ancient Indian law that dictated one’s health during pregnancy
The Islamic law on gifts
Fatawa Alamgiri: Apostates have no inheritance rights after execution
Who can do this, according to the Fatawa Alamgiri
A Muslim boy of understanding needed permission from his guardian to marry
Learn about laws establishing the paternity of a child arising from valid or invalid Muslim marriages.
A Muslim man with four wives must treat all of them justly, equally and each must come to his bed when he so demands. This means that each woman has a true stake in the home.
Muslims are permitted to steal property from non-Muslims if they were traveling with Muslims and entered without permission.
Fatwa of Imam Ghazali on killing a slave
Imam Abu Hanifa
Slaves need the permission of their masters to marry
A Muslim who is unmarried may marry the female slave of another man, but if they are married, they may not marry her.
Are you considering giving up your life as a slave?
An overview of the Office of Censor in Saudi Arabia
First established in the 17th Century, the position of censor was given legal status with the Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. A person’s thoughts could now be declared as a crime.
The Impact fatwas have on individual Muslim lives
Fatawa-i Alamgiri is a reference legal text that was used to enforce Sharia in colonial South Asia, chiefly due to the death of Aurangzeb. The document created a school of orthodox Islamic law specialists in India.
British efforts to implement Sharia law from documents, like the Fatawa-e Alamgiri, have had an impact on India (Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka).
Mona Siddiqui states that the text is not a fatwa because it does not discuss any contemporary code of law. The text is a collection from the Mabsūt style, which is a genre of Islamic texts that are written to show convincing proofs of specific lawsuits and illustrate their solutions. The text discusses marriage contracts and how they can be oral agreements rather than just being documents.
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