Sunnah Way of Wearing Rings And Jewelry

Sunnah Way of Wearing Rings And Jewelry

 

 

Chapter 9
Rings And
Jewelry
146
Hadith 1: In Sahih Muslim it is reported fromAnas ؓ◌ that when
Rasoolullah intended to have letters written to Kasra, Qaisar and
Najashi, someone mentioned that they do not accept letters without
a seal (i.e. a royal stamp) on them. Nabi then had a silver ring
made on which was engraved االله رسول محمد’ Muhammadur Rasoolullah’.
It is mentioned in the narration of Imam Bukhari that this was
engraved in three lines. On the first line was محمد on the second line
was رسول and on the third line was the Name االله
Hadith 2: It is reported in Sahih Bukhari and Muslim from Ibn
Umar ماعن عا االله
ر that Rasoolullah had a ring made from gold.I In
one narration it has been mentioned that he wore it on the right
hand and then threw it away and had a silver ring made, which had
.it on engraved محمد رسول االله
He said, ‘No person should engrave his ring with an engraving
that is similar to that of my ring. Huzoor wore his ring, with the
gemstone would face his palm’.
Hadith 3: It is in Sahih Bukhari from Anas ؓ◌ that Rasoolullah’s
ring was made from silver and it also had a gemstone on it.
Hadith 4: It is in Sahih Bukhari and Muslim on the authority of
Anas ؓ◌ that Rasoolullah wore a silver ring on his right hand and
its stone was of Abyssinian origin, and it used to be worn facing his
palm.
Hadith 5: There is a narration of Muslim from Anas ؓ◌ that
Rasoolullah’s ring was on this finger. In other words, it was on
the little finger of the left hand.
147
Hadith 6: It is in Sahih Muslim from Hazrat Ali ؓ◌that Rasoolullah
forbade me from wearing the ring on this finger or this finger. In
other words, he forbade him from wearing it on the middle finger or
the Kalima (index) finger.
Hadith 7: Ibn Majah reported from Abdullah ibn Ja’far ماعن عا االله
ر
and Abu Dawud and Nasa’i reported from Hazrat Ali ؓ◌ that
Rasoolullah used to wear his ring on the right hand and Abu
Dawud reported from ibn Umar ماعن عا االله
ر that He used to wear it
on the left hand. It can be deduced from both these Hadith that He
would sometimes wear it on the right hand and sometimes on the
left hand, but Baihaqi has mentioned that wearing the ring on the
right hand is inapplicable.
Hadith 8: Abu Dawud and Nasa’i have reported on the authority of
Hazrat Ali ؓ◌ that Rasoolullah held silk in his right hand and gold
in his left hand and then said, ‘Both of these are Haraam (totally
forbidden) for the men of my Ummat.’
Hadith 9: It is in Sahih Muslim from Hazrat Ali ؓ◌that Rasoolullah
prohibited the use of Qassi1
, fabric dyed in safflower, gold rings,
and reciting the Qur’an-e-Majeed whilst in Ruku.
Hadith 10: It is in Sahih Muslim on the authority of Abdullah ibn
Ab’bas ماعن عا االله
ر that Rasoolullah saw a gold ring on the hand of a
person, so he removed it and threw it away and said, ‘Does anyone
hold a red hot coal in his hand?’ After Huzoor left, someone
mentioned to the person that he should pick up his ring and put it to
some other use. He said, ‘I swear in Allah’s Name! I will never take
that, which Rasoolullah threw away’.
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1. Qassi: This is a type of silk fabric.
148
Hadith 11: Abu Dawud and Nasa’i have reported from Mu’awiyah
ؓ◌ that Rasoolullah disallowed (us from) sitting on a cheetah skin,
and from wearing gold unless it is crushed into very little particles.
In other words if very fine gold particles are attached to clothing, it
is not disallowed.
Hadith 12: Imam Maalik علي االله رحمة says in Muwatta, ‘I regard it as
being bad (i.e. improper) to allow little boys to wear gold, as the
Hadith wherein Rasoolullah forbade the wearing of gold rings has
reached me. Thus, it is bad (not acceptable) for men, for both the
adults and the younger ones’.
Hadith 13: Tirmizi, Abu Dawud and Nasa’i have reported on the
authority of Buraidah ؓ◌that a person was wearing a brass ring.
Huzoor asked, ‘Why is it that the odour of idols is emanating from
you?’ He threw the ring away and then returned wearing an iron
ring. He asked, ‘Why is it that you are wearing the jewellery of
the Dwellers of Hell (Jahannamis)?’ He then threw away that (ring)
and enquired, ‘Ya Rasoolullah! from what should I have a ring
made?’ He said, ‘Make it from silver and do not let it reach a full
Mithqaal1
. It is in the narration of Tirmizi that after removing the
iron ring, he wore a ring made from gold and returned in the Holy
Presence of Rasoolullah so Huzoor asked, ‘Why do I see you
wearing the jewellery of the occupants of hell?’ In other words, the
Ahl-e-Jannat2
will use gold in Jannat (and not on in this world).
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1. In other words, it should weigh less than 1 Mithqaal. A Mithqaal is a unit of mass which is
equal to four and a half mashas. This is approximately 4.7 grams. Some say it is equal to
approximately 4.25 grams.
2. Ahl-e-Jannat refers to those who will enter Holy Paradise and live therein.
149
Hadith 14: Abu Dawud and Nasa’i reported from Abdullah ibn
Mas’ud ؓ◌that Rasoolullah said ten things to be bad: (1) For men
to use the yellowish colour, in other words Khulooq1. (2) To dye white
hair with black dye. (3) To cause the waistcloth to trail too low. (4)
Wearing of gold rings. (5) To reveal the adornment (beauty) of a
woman improperly2
. (6) To throw the dice (backgammon), i.e. to play
dice (backgammon) and chess etc. (7) To blow and brush someone to
cast away evil, except with proper words of protection. In other
words, to blow and brush someone to cast away evil with
impermissible words is disallowed. (8) To tie Taweez, in other words
those Taweez which contain words that are contrary to the Shariah.
(9) To spill liquid in an improper place. In other words after
copulation, to let out semen, as this is not permissible to do with a
free woman without her permission. It could also mean that it refers
to Lawatat3. (10) To harm a child, but he did not render the tenth one
Haraam. In other words, to copulate with the mother of the child in
the days when the child is being breastfed; if she becomes pregnant
at this time, then the child will be harmed.
Hadith 15: Abdullah reported a narration on the authority of
Abdullah ibn Zubair ماعن He says, ‘A servant from our home عا االله
ر
took the daughter of Hazrat Zubair ؓ◌ to Hazrat Umar ؓ◌ and she had
tinkling anklets on her feet. Hazrat Umar ؓ◌ cut them off and said, ‘I
heard from Rasoolullah that, with every tinkling anklet there is
(a) shaitaan’.’
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1. Khulooq is a saffron coloured fragrance.
2. This refers to disclosing her adornment to others except her husband and those who are her
Mahram.
3. Lawatat refers to sodomy, and this is absolutely Haraam.
150
Hadith 16: Abu Dawud reported that a girl came before Hazrat
A’isha اعن عا االله
ر wearing tinkling anklets. She said, ‘Do not bring her
before me until you have not cut off the tinkling anklets, for I heard
from Rasoolullah that Angels do not enter a house in which there
is ‘Jars’ (a bell) or tinkling anklets’.
Laws of Jurisprudence
The use of jewellery for men is absolutely Haraam. It is only
permissible to wear one silver ring, which should be within one
mithqaal in weight. It should be less than four and half mashas
(approximately 4.7 grams). Even the use of a gold ring is Haraam. It
is permissible for the features of the sword to be of silver. In other
words, silver can be set on its sheath, handle and belt, on condition
that the silver is not on the area of use. [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Raddul
Muhtar]
Law: Men are only permitted to wear one silver ring. To wear rings
from other metals is also Haraam. For example, to wear rings made
from iron, brass, copper and zinc etc. are impermissible for both
men and women. The only difference is that the female can also
wear gold (besides silver) and a male is not permitted to use gold. It
is mentioned in the Hadith Shareef that a person wearing a brass
ring came before Huzoor so He asked, ‘Why is it that the odour
of idols is emanating from you?’
He threw the ring away and then returned wearing an iron ring. He
asked, ‘Why is it that you are wearing the jewellery of the
dwellers of hell?’ He threw away that ring as well and enquired, ‘Ya
Rasoolullah ! From what should I have a ring made?’ He said,
‘Have it made from silver and do not let it reach a full Mithqaal’.
[Durr-e-Mukhtar, Raddul Muhtar]

151
Law: Some Ulama have mentioned the rings of Yashb1
and Aqeeq2
to
be permissible and some have permitted rings made from all types of
gemstones, whereas some prohibit (rings made) from all of them.
Thus the importunity of precaution is that with the exception of
silver, we should avoid wearing all other types of rings, especially
when the inclination of illustrious and elite personalities such as the
compiler of Hidaaya, has the view of all of them being impermissible.

Law: A ring refers to the round (circular) part. This does not refer to
the stone. The stone can be from any gemstone. The stones of Aqeeq,
Yaaqoot3
, Zamur’rad4
, and Feroza5
etc. are all permissible to use (on a
ring). Since the rings made from all the above are impermissible for
both males and females, manufacturing them and selling them is
also regarded as being disallowed, as this is to assist in something
which is illegitimate (i.e. impermissible). However, selling it is not
disallowed to the level of it being disallowed to wearing it. [Durr-eMukhtar, Raddul Muhtar]
Law: If a silver covering is placed over a metal ring, whereby the
metal is not visible at all, then there is no prohibition to wearing
such a ring. [Alamgiri]. It is deduced from this, that it is permissible to
place a copper or iron tablet inside gold jewellery and then cover it
with gold plating, just as people do nowadays. The wearing of such a
ring is permitted.
Law: To press a hole in a gemstone and to embed a gold pin in it is
permissible. [Hidaya]
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1. Yashb agate jasper
2. Aqeeq Cornelian Stone
3. Yaaqoot refers to the Ruby)
4. Zamur’rad is the name given to an Emerald
5. Feroza is a Turquoise blue gemstone
152
Law: Wearing a ring is only Masnun (i.e. recommended) for those
who require using a seal, such as a Sultan1
, a Qazi2 and the Ulama3
,
who place their seals on Fatawa4
. With the exception of them, it is
not Masnun for others who do not required the use of a seal.
However, to wear a ring is still permissible. [Alamgiri]
Law: The ring may be worn as one desires, either on the right or left
hand, and it should be worn on the little finger. [Durr-e-Mukhtar,
Raddul Muhtar]
Law: One may have his name engraved on a ring. Allah’s Name and
the Name of Huzoor-e-Akram may also be engraved on a ring.
The words االله رسول محمد’ Muhammadur Rasoolullah’ should not be
engraved on a ring, as this was engraved in 3 lines on Huzoor’s
ring. On the first line was محمد on the second line was رسول and on the
third line was The Majestic Name of االله .Huzoor explicitly
commanded that none should engrave this on his ring. The figure of
any human or animal should not be engraved on the ring stone.
[Durr-e-Mukhtar, Raddul Muhtar]
Law: A permissible ring is that which is permissible for men. In
other words, it should have one gemstone. If it has more than one
stone, then even though it is a silver ring, it is impermissible for a
male. [Raddul Muhtar]. Similarly, for a male to wear more than one
ring or to wear a Chal’la5
is also impermissible, as this is not really
classified as a ring. Females may wear the Chal’la.
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1. Sultan refers to the Muslim Ruler in a Muslim State.
2. Qazi refers to the Muslim Justice, usually referred to as the ‘Qadi’.
3. Ulama is the plural of Aalim, which refers to the Men of Learning or Religious Leaders.
4. Fatawa is the plural of Fatwa, which is a Religious decree or Edict.
5. A Chal’la refers to a ring equally wide all round and without a stone.
153
Law: To tie loose teeth with gold wire is permissible and if
someone’s nose has been severed, then he may have a golden nose
made and attached. In both conditions, gold has been regarded as
permissible due to necessity, as by having the teeth tied with silver
wire or attaching a silver nose, would cause mouldiness. [Alamgiri]
Law: If a tooth falls, it can be tied with gold or silver wire. The teeth
belonging to another person cannot be used in your mouth.
[Alamgiri]
Law: To adorn boys in gold and silver jewellery is Haraam, and the
one who adorns them in it is a sinner. Similarly, it is impermissible
to put mehndi on the hands and feet of children without reason. A
woman is allowed to apply mehndi on her own hands and feet, but if
she applies it onto a boy, she will be regarded as being sinful. [Durr-eMukhtar, Raddul Muhtar]