How to Activate New Hard Drives and SSD’s Not Showing Up on Windows 10

Most of us probably use only one hard disk drive in the computer, but some people who need more space, tend to use two, as well. And some of the users who are using the second hard drive have reported that their computer isn’t able to detect the second one, after Windows 10 upgrade. So we came up with a couple of solutions, which, I hope, will solve the problem. When a computer won’t recognize a secondary hard drive or a second hard drive not showing up properly, you must follow some do’s and don’ts. At the same time, identify the root of the problem and find corresponding solutions.

SSD is not seen in Windows 10 or 11
If you desire faster read-write speeds, lower power consumption, and other benefits in your business and daily life, an SSD drive is a terrific alternative.

SSDs are solid-state drives.

However, when you install the SSD disk on your computer, you may discover that it does not appear. Typically, the SSD disk does not appear in Disk Management or Device Manager. Additionally, when installing Windows 10, the SSD may not appear. When this occurs, you will be unable to access data on the SSD device. Furthermore, you may experience similar issues such as an external hard drive not appearing, a USB device not appearing, or a hard disk not appearing on your computer.

Causes of a new SSD not appearing in Windows 10 or 11
When you encounter this problem, you may be curious as to why and how to resolve SSD not showing up in Windows 10 Disk Management, Device Manager, or other locations. In the following, I’ll mention some reasons and some solutions.

1. The new SSD has not been initialized.

If it is a fresh SSD disk that has not been initialized to a partition style, it will not appear in Windows 10. You can initialize it in this situation. The simplest way to accomplish this is to use Windows’ built-in Disk Management.

Disk Initialization

You can also use the Command Line to initialize the SSD drive: In the command prompt, write “diskpart > list disk > choose disk n (n refers to the disk number of the new SSD) > attributes disk clear readonly> online disk > convert mbr ” (or convert gpt) and press Enter to run it.

2. SSD partitions are lost and unallocated space is created.

This frequently occurs with older drives, and your disk may be reported as Not Initialized or Online. You must first recover a lost partition in Windows 10 before determining whether your disk and data may be accessible.

3. The SSD drive’s file system is not recognized.

If you have Windows 10, you should use the NTFS or FAT32 file systems. If not, you should format it as NTFS or FAT32.

4. The SSD partition’s drive letter is missing or conflicting.

The drive letter may be lost if you can see an SSD disk in Device Manager or Disk Management but not in Windows File Explorer. In Windows 10, you must assign a drive letter.

Modify the Drive Letter

5. SSD partitions are concealed

If you cannot view your SSD drive’s partitions, they may be concealed. Partitions must be unhidden.

6. Driver difficulties with SSD

One of the causes for the SSD disk not appearing in Windows 10 could be a driver issue. In Windows 10, you can use the “Hardware and Device Troubleshooter” or uninstall the driver straight from Device Manager.

7. The SATA storage controller mode/protocol (IDE, AHCI, ATA, RAID, and so forth) is incorrect.

If your problem is caused by the storage device controller, you can attempt updating your motherboard storage controller and IDE ATA controllers drivers or uninstalling IDE ATA storage controllers drivers.

8. The SSD has a virus or malware infection.

If this is the case, you can use anti-virus software to scan for and resolve the problem.

How to Effectively Resolve “SSD Not Showing Up in Windows 10/11”
The common causes of an SSD drive not showing up in a computer and related solutions are listed above. As a result, I will only discuss a few situations in the following. Before you begin any procedure, you must first complete the following tasks.

>>First, connect the SSD to your computer.

Finally, format the disk. Data will be lost as a result of this process.

1. The SSD does not appear in the BIOS.
If you cannot see the SSD in the BIOS, the most likely cause is that the disk is not properly connected. You should double-check it.

In addition, consider the following suggestions.

In the BIOS, the drive is not activated. You must enter BIOS using a certain key and enable it.

The Serial ATA motherboard drivers are not correctly loaded. Your computer’s storage controller must be updated.

The data cable is either broken or unplugged. It is your responsibility to replace it.

2. SSD drive not visible due to disk driver issue
If your problem is caused by a disk driver problem, you can use Hardware & Device Troubleshooter to resolve the problem.

Step 1: In the search box, type “troubleshooter” or “troubleshooting” and select it from the results.

Step 2: Click “Configure a device” under the Hardware and Sound link.

Set Up a Device

Step 3: In the new window, choose “Advanced” and check “Apply” repair automatically.

Step 4: Click “Next” to begin the pending procedure and repair any faults that it discovers.

You can alternatively uninstall it directly in Device Manager to resolve the driver issue.
Step 1: Press “Win + R” to open the Run window, then type “devmgmt.msc” into the box and press “OK” to access the device manager.

Step 2: Navigate to Universal serial bus controllers in Device Manager, right-click the SSD, and then select “Uninstall.”

Controller for Universal Serial Bus

Step 3: Restart your computer after removing the SSD. Windows will install the necessary drivers automatically.
Step 4: Connect the SSD and check to see if it is visible on your computer.

3. Incompatibility or corruption of the file system
If the file system is the problem, try formatting it to NTFS or FAT33 with Diskpart or a third-party utility. First and foremost, you can use DiskPart.exe to convert it to a suitable file system.

Step 1: In the search box, type “cmd,” then right-click and select “Run as administrator.”

Step 2: In the command prompt, type “diskpart” and press “Enter.”

Step 3: Type and click Enter the following commands.

• disk list
• choose disk n (the number of the disk that contains an unsupported or broken file system) • clean
• build primary partition • format fs=ntfs (or fat32)

Disk Format to NTFS

Step 4: Type “exit” to exit Diskpart and verify that it worked.

Note: This operation does not assign your SSD a drive letter. If it is detectable, you can assign a drive letter to it using Disk Management or a third-party application such as AOMEI Partition Assistant.
If you are unfamiliar with the command prompt, you can use AOMEI Partition Assistant Standard, a free partition manager. It can help you partition a hard drive, test disk speed, and troubleshoot disk and partition issues.

Download Secure Download for Windows 11/10/8.1/8/7/XP
Step 1. Install and run the free partition manager AOMEI Partition Assistant.

Step 2: Right-click the unrecognized drive and choose “Format Partition” from the context menu.

ExFAT Partition Format

Step 3: From the drop-down option, pick “NTFS or FAT32” as the file system, and then click OK to proceed.

ExFAT to FAT32 conversion

Step 4: To begin the formatting process, click “Apply” and then “Proceed.”


Step 5: Check “Disk Management” or “This PC” to see if it is present.

If this does not work, you can still erase the disk and then create a new partition with an NTFS or FAT32 file system.

4. The SSD does not appear throughout the Windows 10 installation process.
If you connect the SSD drive and attempt to install Windows 10/11 on it, but it does not appear. The most basic reason is that the BIOS is out of date. You should upgrade to the most recent version. You can also use the command prompt from the Windows Setup screen.

Step 1: In the Windows Setup window, press “Shift + F10” to launch the command prompt.


Step 2: In the pop-up box, type “diskpart” and press “Enter.”

Step 3: Enter the following commands in the correct order.

disk list
choose disk m(m is the SSD disk’s disk number.) clean

Step 4: Attempt to reinstall Windows 10/11.

Bringing things to a close
Reading this, it is evident that SSD not showing up in Windows 10 or 11 can be caused by a variety of factors. The probable causes and solutions are discussed in this article. You can attempt each solution one at a time. Finally, if you do not want to lose data, please try to format the disk last.

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