Anwar e Shariat (Roman English)

 

 

 

 

Mazameen

Allaah Ta’ala
Farishte
Khudaaye Ta’ala Ki Kitaabein
Rasool Aur Nabi
Hamare Nabi
Qiyamat Ka Bayan
Taqdeer Ka Bayan
Marne Ke Baad Zinda Hona
Shirk Wa Kufr Ka Bayan
Bida’ath Ka Bayan
Kitaabul Aamaal
Wuzu Ka Bayan
Gusl Ka Bayan
Tayammum Ka Bayan
Istinja Ka Bayan
Paani Aur Jaanwaro Ke Jhoote Ka Bayan
Kuwen Ka Bayan
Najaasat Ka Bayan
Haiz, Nifaas Aur Janaabat Ka Bayan
Namaaz Ke Waqton Ka Bayan
Makruh Waqton Ka Bayan
Azaan Wa Iqaamath Ka Bayan
Taadadey Rakaat Aur Niyyat Ka Bayan
Namaaz Padhne Ka Tareeqa
Aurato Ke Liye Namaaz Ke Maqsoos Masayeel
Namaaz Ki Sharte
Istilahate Shariya Ka Bayan
Namaaz Ke Faraaiz
Namaaz Ke Waajibaat
Qiraath Ka Bayaan
Jamaat Aur Imaamat Ka Bayaan
Namaaz Faasid Karne Waali Cheeze
Namaaz Ke Makruhaat
Sunnat Aur Nafl Ka Bayaan
Tahiyatul Wuzu
Namaaze Ishraq
Namaaze Chaashth
Namaaze Tahajjud
Salatut Tasbeeh
Namaaze Haajat

 

 

ALLAAH TA’ALA:

SAWAAL: ALLAAH ta’ala ke baare me kaise aqida rakhna chahiye ?

JAWAAB: ALLAAH ta’ala ek hai uska koyi shareek nahi aasmaan wa zameen aur saari maqluqaath ka paida karne waala wahi hai. Wahi Ibaadath ke layiq hai dusra koyi Ibaadath ke layiq nahi hai. Wahi sabko rozi deta hai. Ameeri gareebi aur izzath wa zillath sab uske iqtiyaar me hai. Jise chahta hai izzath deta hai, aut jise chahta hai zillath deta hai. Uska har kaam hikmath hai. Bandon ki samaj me aaye ya na aaye wa har kamaal wa qoobi waala hai. Jhoot, Daga, Qiyanath, Zulm, Zihal wagairah har ayeb se paak hai. Uske liye kisi ayeb ka maan na kufr hai.

SAWAAL: Kya ALLAAH ta’ala ko budhav kehna jayiz hai ?

JAWAAB: ALLAAH ta’ala ki shaan me aisa lafz bolna kufr hai.

SAWAAL: Baaz log kehte hai ki “Upar waala jaisa chahega waisa hoga” aur kehte hai “Upar ALLAAH hai neeche tum ho” ya iss tarah kehte hai ki “Upar ALLAAH neeche paanch hai”.

JAWAAB: Ye sab jumle gumraahi ke hai, musalmaano ko inse bachna nihaayath zaruri hai.

 

FARISHTE:

SAWAAL: Farishte Kya cheez hai ?

JAWAAB: Faishte Insaan ki tarah maqluq hai, lekin woh noor se paida kiye gaye hai. Na woh mard hai, na woh aurat hai, na kuch khaate hai, na kuch peete hai, jitne kaam khudaaye ta’ala ne unke supurd kiya hai usi me lage rehte hai. Kuch Farishte Bandon ka achcha bura amal likhne par muqarar hai jinko KIRAAMAN, KAATIBEEN kaha jaata hai. Kuch Farishte Qabr me murdon se sawaal karne par muqarar hai jinko MUNKAR, NAKEER kaha jaata hai. Aur kuch Farishte Huzur Swallallaahu alaihi wa sallam ke darbaar me musalmaano ke darood wa salaam pahunchane par muqarar hai. Unke alaawa aur bhi bahut se kaam hai unme chaar Farishte bahut mashoor hai, Awwal Hazrath-E-JIBRAEEL Alaihissalaam jo ALLAAH ta’ala ke Ahekaam paigambaro tak pahunchate hai. Dusre Hazrath-E-ISRAFEEL Alaihissalaam jo Qiyamat ke din soor Phunkenge. Teesre Hazrath-E-MIKAEEL Alaihissalaam jo Paani barsane aur Rozi pahunchane par muqarar hai. Aur Chauthe Hazrath-E-IZRAEEL Alaihissalaam jo logon ki Jaan nikaalne par muqarar hai. Jo shaks yeh kahe Farishta koi cheez nahi ya yeh kahe ki Farishta neki ki khuwwat ka naam hai too woh kaafir hai.

KHUDAAYE TA’ALA KI KITAABEIN:

SAWAAL: Khudaaye ta’ala ki Kitaabein kitni hai ?

JAWAAB: Khudaaye ta’ala ki choti choti bahut si kitaabein naazil huwi badi kitaab ko kitaab aur choti kitaab saheefah kehte hai, unme chaar kitaabe bahut mashoor hai, Awwal TAURAITH jo Hazrath-E-MOOSA Alaihissalaam par naazil huwi, Dusri ZABOOR jo Hazrath-E-DAWOOD Alaihissalaam par naazil huwi aur Teesri INJEEL jo Hazrath-E-ISA Alaihissalaam par naazil huwi, Chouthi QUR’AAN jo hamare Nabi Huzur MUHAMMED MUSTAFA Swallallaahu alaihi wa sallam par naazil huwi.

SAWAAL: Poora Qur’aane majeed ek dafa naazil huwa ya thoda thoda ?

JAWAAB: Poora Qur’aane majeed ek dafa ikhatta nahi naazil huwa balke zaroorath ke mutaabiq teyis (23) baras me thoda thoda naazil huwa.

SAWAAL: Kya Qur’aan majeed ki har surat aur har aayat par Imaan laana zaruri hai ?

JAWAAB: Han Qur’aan majeed ki har surat par Imaan laana zaruri hai agar ek aayat ka bhi inkaar karde ya yeh ki Qur’aan jaisa naazil huwa tha aub waisa nahi hai, balki ghata bada diya gaya hai toh woh kaafir hai.

 

RASOOL AUR NABI:

SAWAAL: Rasool aur Nabi koun hote hai ?

JAWAAB: Rasool aur Nabi Khudaaye Ta’ala ke bande aur insaan hote hai. ALLAAH Ta’ala ne unko insaan ki hidaayath ke liye duniya me bheja hai. Woh bandon tak Khudaaye Ta’ala ka paigaam pahunchate hai. Moujize dikhaate hai, aur gaib ki baatein batate hai, Jhoot kabhi nahi bolte woh har gunah se paak saaf hote hai, unki tadaad kuch kam wa peish ek laakh choubees hazaar ya taqreeban doo laakh choubees hazaar hai (124000 aur 224000), sab se pehle Nabi Hazrath-E-Aadam Alaihissalaam hai aur sab se aakhri Nabi Hamare Paigambar Hazrath MUHAMMED MUSTAFA Swallallaahu alaihi wa sallam hai.

SAWAAL: Kya hum Hinduoun ke peshwawon ko Nabi keh sakte hai ?

JAWAAB: Kisi shaks ko Nabi kehne ke liye Qur’aan wa Hadees se subooth chahiye aur Hinduoun ke peshwawon ke Nabi hone par Qur’aan wa Hadees se koyi subooth Nahi milta iss liye ham unhe Nabi nahi keh sakte.

HAMARE NABI:

SAWAAL: Hamare Nabi koun hai ? Unka kuch haal bayan kijiye ?

JAWAAB: Hamare Nabi Hazrath MUHAMMED MUSTAFA Swallallaahu alaihi wa sallam hai, jo 12 Rabiul Awwal Mutaabik 20 April sun 571 EO me Makkah shareef me paida huwe unke waalid ka naam Hazrath-E-Abdullah aur waalida ka naam Hazrath-E-Aamina Radiyallaahu Ta’ala Anhuma hai. Aap ki zaahiri zindagi Tirsat (63) baras ki huwi, Tirpan (53) baras ki umr tak Makkah shareef me rahe fir dus saal Madeena Taiba me rahe 12 Rabiul Awwal sun 632 EO zaahiri zindagi me wafaath paayi, Aapka mazare mubaarak Madina shareef me hai. Jo Makkah shareef se taqreeban 320 km upar hai.

SAWAAL: Hamare Nabi ke kuch khubiya bayan kijiye ?

JAWAAB: Hamare Nabi Sayyidul Ambiya aur Nabiul Ambiya yani Ambiya-e-karam ke Sardar hai aur tamaam Ambiya Huzur ke Ummathi hai. Aap Qatimun Nabiyeen hai, yani aap ke baad koi Nabi nahi paida hoga. Jo shaks aap ke baad Nabi hone ko jayiz samjhe woh kaafir hai. Saari Maqluqaath Khudaaye Ta’ala ki Raza chahti hai, aur Khudaaye Ta’ala Huzur ki Raza chahta hai. Huzur ki farmabardaari ALLAAH Ta’ala ki farmabardaari hai. Zameen wa aasmaan ki saari cheezein aap par zaahir thi duniya ke har goshey aur har koone me Qiyamat tak jo kuch hone waala hai. Huzur usse iss tarha mulahiza farmate hai, jaise koyi apni hatheli dekhe, upar, neeche, aage aur peeche yaksa dekhte hai. Aap ke liye koyi cheez aad nahi ban sakthi Huzur jaante hai ke zameen ke andar kaha kya ho raha hai, khushu jo dil ki ek kaifiyath ka naam hai, Huzur usse bhi mulahaza farmate hai, hamare chalne, firne, uthne, baithne, khaane peene wagairah har qaul wa feil ki Huzur ko har waqt qabar hai.

SAWAAL: Kya hamare Nabi zinda hai ?

JAWAAB: Hamare Nabi aur tamaam Ambiya-e-karam alaihissalaam zinda hai. Hadees shareef me hai ke sarkare aqdas Swallallaahu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaya ki Khudaaye Ta’ala ne zameen par Ambiya-e-karam alaihissalaam ke jismon ko khaana haraam farmadiya hai. Toh ALLAAH ke Nabi zinda hai rozi diye jaate hai.(Mishkath Shareef 121 P)

SAWAAL: Jo shaks Ambiya-e-karam ke baare me kahe ke marker mitti me milgaye toh uske liye kya hukm hai ?

JAWAAB: Aisa kehne waala gumrah badmazhab khabees hai.

 

QIYAMAT KA BAYAN:

SAWAAL: Qiyamat kise kehte hai ?

JAWAAB: Qiyamat uss din ko kehte hai jis din Hazrath-E-ISRAFEEL Alaihissalaam soor phunkenge, soor seeng ke shakal ki ek cheez hai jiski aawaaz sunkar sab aadmi aur tamaam jaanwar mar jayenge, zameen, aasmaan, chand, sooraj aur pahaad wagairah duniya ki har cheez toot foot kar fana ho jayegi yaha tak ki soor bhi khatm ho jayega aur Hazrath-E-ISRAFEEL Alaihissalaam bhi fana ho jayenge yeh waqiya Muharram ki Dusvi tariq Jum’a ke din hoga.

SAWAAL: Qiyamat ki kuch nishaaniya bayan kijiye ?

JAWAAB: Jab duniya me gunah ziyada hone lage, ‘Haraam’ Kaamo ko loog khullam khulla karne lage, Maa Baap ko takleef de, aur Gairon se mail jhool rakhe, Amaanath me qiyaanath kare, “Zakaath dena loogon par gira guzre”, Duniya hasil karne ke liye Ilm-e-deen padha jaaye, “Naach gaane ka riwaaj ziyada ho jaye”, Badkaar loog qaum ke peshwa aur leader ho jaaye, Charwaahe wagairah kam darje ke loog badi badi buildingon aur kothiyon me rehne lage, toh samajh lo ki Qiyamat qareeb aagayi hai.

SAWAAL: Jo shaks Qiyamat ka inkaar kare uske liye kya hukm hai ?

JAWAAB: Qiyaamat qayim hona haq hai, usko inkaar karne wala kaafir hai.

 

TAQDEER KA BAYAN:

SAWAAL: Taqdeer kise kehte hai ?

JAWAAB: Duniya me jo kuch hai aur bande jo kuch bhalayi burayi karte hai Khudaaye Ta’ala ne usse apne Ilm ke muafiq pehle se likh diya hai usse Taqdeer kehte hai.

SAWAAL: Kya ALLAAH Ta’ala ne jaisa hamari Taqdeer me likh diya hai hame majburan waisa karna padhta hai ?

JAWAAB: Nahi ALLAAH Ta’ala ke likh dene se hame majburan waisa karna nahi padhta hai, balke hum jaisa karne waale the ALLAAH Ta’ala ne apne Ilm se waisa likh diya agar kisi ki Taqdeer me burayi likhi toh iss liye ki woh burayi karne waala tha, agar woh bhalayi karne waala hota toh Khudaaye Ta’ala uski Taqdeer me bhalayi likhta khulasa yeh ki Khudaaye Ta’ala ke likh dene se banda kisi kaam ke karne par majbur nahi kiya gaya. Taqdeer haq hai uska inkaar karne wala gumrah badmazhab hai.

 

MARNE KE BAAD ZINDA HONA:

SAWAAL: Marne ke baad zinda hone ka matlab kya hai ?

JAWAAB: Marne ke baad zinda hone ka matlab yeh hai ki Qiyaamat ke din jab zameen, aasmaan, insaan aur farishte wagairah sab fana ho jayenge toh fir Khudaaye Ta’ala jab chahega Hazrath-E-ISRAFEEL Alaihissalaam ko zinda farmayega woh dubaara soor phunkenge, toh sab cheezein moujud ho jayengi. Farishte aur Aadmi wagairah sab zinda ho jayenge murde apni apni qabron se uthenge, Hashr ke maidaan me Khudaaye Ta’ala ke saamne peshi hogi, Hisaab liya jayega aur har shaks ko achche bure kaamo ka badla diya jayega yaani achcho ko Jannat milegi aur buro ko Jahannam me bhej diya jayega Hisaab aur Jannat wa Dozaq haq hai unka inkaar karne wala kaafir hai.

 

SHIRK WA KUFR KA BAYAN:

SAWAAL: Shirk kise kehte hai ?

JAWAAB: Khudaaye Ta’ala ki Zaath wa Sifaath me kisi ko shareek tehraana Shirk hai. Zaath me shareek tehraane ka matlab yeh hai ke doo ya doo se ziyada khuda maane jaise Isaayi ke teen khuda maan kar mushrik huwe. Aur sifaath me shareek tehrane ka matlab yeh hai ki Khudaaye Ta’ala ki sifaath ki tarah kisi dusre ke liye koyi sifaath saabith kare maslan sunna aur dekhna wagairah jaisa ki Khudaaye Ta’ala par saabith hai, usi tarha kisi dusre ke liye sunna aur dekhna wagairah zaathi taur par maane ki bagair Khuda ke diye usse yeh sifaathein khud hasil hai, toh shirk hai aur agar kisi dusre ke liye atayi taur par maane ke Khudaaye Ta’ala ne usse ye sifaatein ataa ki hai toh shirk nahi jaisa ki ALLAAH Ta’ala ne khud insaaf ke baare me Paara 29 Ruku 19 me farmaaya jiska tarjuma yeh hai ki hamne insaan ko sunne waala dekhne waala banaaya.

SAWAAL: Kufr kise kehte hai ?

JAWAAB: Zaruriyate deen me se kisi ek baat ka inkaar karna Kufr hai. Zaruriyate deen bahuth hai unme se kuch ye hai Khudaaye Ta’ala ko ek aur waajibul wajood maanna uski zaath wa sifaath me kisi ko shareek na samajhna, zulm aur jhoot wagairah tamaam ayeb se usko paak maanna, uske malaaika aur uski tamaam kitaabo ko maanna, Qur’aan majeed ki har aayat ko haq samajhna, Huzur Sayyade Aalam Sallalahu Alaihi Wasallam aur tamaam Ambiya-e-karam ki nuboowath ko tasleem karna un sabko azmath waala jaanna, unhe zaleel aur chota na samajhna unki har baat jo qatayi aur yakhini taur par saabith ho usse haq jaanna Huzur Swallallaahu alaihi wa sallam ko Qatimun Nabiyeen maanna unke baad kisi nabi ke paida hone ko jayiz na samajhna, Qiyamat, Hisaab wa kitaab aur Jannat wa Dozaq ko haq maanna, Namaaz wa Roza aur Haj wa Zakaat ki farziyaat ko tasleem karna, Zina, Chori aur Sharaab noshi wagairah haraam qataayi ki hurmat ka itiqaad karna aur kafir ko kafir jaanna wagairah.

SAWAAL: Kisi se Shirk ya Kufr ho jaaye toh kya kare ?

JAWAAB: Tauba aur tajdeede Imaan kare biwi waala ho toh tajdeede nikha kare aur mureed ho toh tajdeede baiyyat bhi kare.

SAWAAL: Shirk aur Kufr ke alaawa koyi dusra gunah ho jaaye toh maafi ki kya surath hai ?

JAWAAB: Tauba kare Khudaaye Ta’ala ki baargah me roye gid gidaaye apni galti par naadim wa pasheema ho aur dil me pakka ahad kare ke aub kabhi aisi galti na karunga, sirf zuban se tauba tauba keh lena tauba nahi hai.

SAWAAL: Kya har qism ka gunah tauba se maaf ho sakta hai ?

JAWAAB: Jo gunah kisi bande ki haqta’lafi se ho maslan kisi ka maal gazab kar liya, kisi par tohmath lagaayi ya zulm kiya toh inn gunahon ki maafi ke liye zaruri hai ke pehle uss bande ka haq waapis kiya jaaye ya usse maafi maangi jaaye, fir Khudaaye Ta’ala se tauba kare toh maaf ho sakta hai. Aur jis gunah ka ta’alluq kisi bande ki haqta’lafi se nahi hai balki sirf Khudaaye Ta’ala se hai, uski doo qisme hai ek woh jo sirf tauba se maaf ho sakta hai jaise sharaab noshi ka gunah aur dusre woh jo sirf tauba se maaf nahi ho sakte hai jaise namaazon ke na padhne se gunah iske liye zaruri hai ki waqt par namaazon ke adaa na karne ka jo gunah huwa usse tauba kare aur namaazon ki kya qaza padhe agar aaqiri umr me kuch qaza reh jaaye toh unke fidiyah ki wasiyat kar jaaye.

 

BIDA’ATH KA BAYAN:

SAWAAL: Bida’ath kise kehte hai ? aur uski kitni qisme hai ?

JAWAAB: Istilaahe Sharaa(Islami Zaban) me Bida’ath aise cheez ke ijaad karne ko kehte hai jo Huzur Swallallaahu alaihi wa sallam ke zaahiri zamaane me na ho khwah woh cheez deeni ho ya duniyawi(Ashia Tullamaath Jild awwal safa 125) aur Bida’ath ki teen qisme hai Bida’athe Hasna, Bida’athe Sayyia, Bida’athe Mubah. Bida’athe Hasna woh Bida’ath hai jo Qur’aan wa Hadees ke wasool wa qawaid ke mutabiq ho aur unhi par qiyaas kiya gaya ho uski doo qisme hai. Awwal Bida’athe Waajiba jaise Qur’aan wa Hadees samajhne ke liye ilme nahav ka seekhna aur gumrah firke maslan Khaarji, Raafzee, Qaadiyani aur Wahabi wagairah par rad ke liye dalaayil qayam karna. Duwwam Bida’athe Mustahaba jaise madrason ki taamir aur har woh neik kaam jiska riwaaj ibtidaaye zamaane me nahi tha jaise azaan ke baad salaat pukaarna, durre muqtaar babul azaan me hai ki azaan ke baad Assalatu Wasallamu Alaika Ya Rasoolullaah Swallallaahu alaihi wa sallam pukaarna, maahe Rabbiul Aaqar sun 781 Hijri me jaari huwa aur ye Bida’athe Hasna hai.

SAWAAL: Bida’athe Sayyia kise kehte hai ? aur uski kitni qisme hai ?

JAWAAB: Bida’athe Sayyia woh Bida’ath hai jo Qur’aan wa Hadees ke usool wa qawaid ke muqalif ho(Ashia Tullamaath Jild awwal safa 125) uski doo qisme hai. Awwal Bida’athe Muharrama jaise Hindustan ki mukhwajaa taaziyadaari (Fatawa Azeeziya Risala Taaziyadaari Aala Hazrath) aur jaise ahle sunnat wa jamath ke khilaf naye aqeeda waalon ke mazaahib (Ashia Tullamaath Jild awwal safa 125) Duwwam Bida’athe Makruha jaise Juma wa Eidein ka khutba gaire arabi me padhna.

SAWAAL: Bida’athe Mubah kise kehte hai ?

JAWAAB: Jo cheez Huzur Swallallaahu alaihi wa sallam ke zaahiri zamaane me na ho aur jiske karne na karne par sawaab wa azaab na ho usse Bida’athe Mubah kehte hai (Ashia Tullamaath Jild awwal safa 125) jaise khaane peene me kushadagi iqtiyaar karna aur rail gaadi wagairah me safar karna.

SAWAAL: Hadees shareef me hai ki har Bida’ath gumrahi hai toh isse kounsi Bida’ath muraad hai ?

JAWAAB: Iss Hadees shareef se sirf Bida’athe Sayyia muraad hai {Dekhiye Mirkath Sharah Mishkath Jild awwal safa 179 aur Ashia Tullamaath Jild awwal safa 125} isliye ki agar Bida’ath ki tamaam qisme muraad lijaye jaise ki zaahire hadees se mafhoom hota hai toh fiqah Ilmekaram aur sarf wa nahv wagairah ki tadween aur unka padhna padhaana sab zahaalath wa gumraahi ho jayega.

SAWAAL: Kya Bida’ath ka Hasna aur Sayyia hona Hadees shareef se bhi saabith hai ?

JAWAAB: Haan Bida’ath ka Hasna aur Sayyia hona Hadees se bhi saabith hai Tirmizi shareef me hai ki Hazrath-E-Umar Farooqe Aazam Radiyallaahu Ta’ala Anhu ne Taraveeh ki baqaida jamaath qayim karne ke baad farmaya ki ye bahuth achchi Bida’ath hai(Mishkath safa 115) aur Muslim shareef me Hazrath-E-Zaabir Radiyallaahu Ta’ala Anhu se riwayath hai ki Rasoole Kareem Swallallaahu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaya ki jo islam me kisi achche tariqe ko raayij karega toh usko apne raayij karne ka bhi sawaab milega aur unn loogon ke amal karne ka bhi sawaab milega jo uske baad uss tariqe par amal karte rahenge aur amal karne waalon ke sawaab me koyi kami bhi na hogi aur jo shaks mazhabe islam me kisi bure tariqe ko raayij karega toh uss shaks par uske raayij karne ka bhi gunah hoga aur unn loogon ke amal karne ka bhi gunah hoga jo uske baad uss tariqe par aml karte rahenge aur amal karne waalon ke gunah me koyi kami bhi na hogi.(Mishkath safa 33)

SAWAAL: Kya milaad shareef ki mehfil munaqid karna Bida’athe Sayyia hai ?

JAWAAB: Milaad shareef ki mehfil munaqid karna uss me Huzur Swallallaahu alaihi wa sallam ki paidayishi ke halaath aur deegar fazayil wa munaqib bayan karna barkath ka bayis hai. Usse Bida’athe Sayyia kehna gumraahi wa badmazhabi hai.

SAWAAL: Kya Huzur Swallallaahu alaihi wa sallam ke zamaane me maiyyath ka teeja hota tha ?

JAWAAB: Maiyyath ka teeja aur issi tarah dasswan, beeswan aur chaleeswan wagairah Huzur Swallallaahu alaihi wa sallam ke zaahiri zamaane me nahi hota tha balki ye sab baad ki ijaad hai aur Bida’athe Hasna hai issliye ke inn me maiyyath ke isaale sawaab ke liye Qur’aan qaani hoti hai. Sadqa qairath kiya jaata hai aur gurba wa masaakeen ko khana khilaya jaata hai aur ye sab sawaab ke kaam hai. Haan iss mouqe par dost wa ahbaab aur azeez wa aqaarib ki daawat karna zarur Bida’athe Sayyia hai.(Shaami Jild awwal safa 30(0) 629 Fathhul Qadeer Jild duwwam safa 102)

KITAABUL AAMAAL:

WUZU KA BAYAN:

SAWAAL: Wuzu karne ka tariqa kya hai ?

JAWAAB: Wuzu karne ka tariqa yeh ki pehle tasmiya(Bismillah) padhe fir miswaak kare agar miswaak na ho toh ungli se daanth masle fir doono haatho ko gatton tak teen baar dhoye pehle dahine haath par paani daale fir baaye haath par doono haatho ko ek saat na dhoye fir dahine haath se teen baar kulli kare fir baaye haath ki choti ungli se naak saaf kare aur dahine haath se teen baar naak me paani chadhaaye fir poora chehra dhoye yaani peshani par baal ugne ki jagah se thuddi ke neeche tak aur ek kaan ki lou se dusre kaan ki lou tak har hisse par paani teen baar bahaye iske baad doono haath kohniyon sameth teen baar dhoye ungliyoun ki taraf se kohniyon ke upar tak paani daale kohniyon ki taraf se na daale fir ek baar doono haath se poore sar ka mas’a kare fir kaano ka aur gardan ka ek ek baar mas’a kare fir doono paawon ko takhno sameth teen baar dhoye.

SAWAAL: Dhone ka kya matlab hai ?

JAWAB: Dhone ka matlab ye hai ki jis cheez ko dhoowo uske har hisse par paani behjaaye.

SAWAAL: Agar kuch hissa bheeg gaya magar uss par paani nahi baha toh Wuzu hoga ya nahi ?

JAWAAB: Iss tarah Wuzu hargiz na hoga bheegne ke saat har hisse par paani behjaana zaruri hai.

SAWAAL: Wuzu me kitni cheeze farz hai ?

JAWAAB: Wuzu me chaar(4) cheeze farz hai, Awwal Muh dhona yaani baal nikalne ki jagah se thuddi ke neeche tak aur ek kaan ki lou se dusre kaan ki lou tak aur Dusra Kohniyon sameth doono haath dhona, Teesra Chouthayi sar ka mas’a karna bheega huwa haath pherna, Choutha doono paawon ko takhno sameth dhona.

SAWAAL: Wuzu me sunnate kitni hai ?

JAWAAB: Wuzu me sunnate solah(16) hai, Niyyath karna, Tasmiya padh kar shuru karna, Doono haatho ko gatton tak teen baar dhona, Miswaak karna, dahine haath se teen baar kulli karna, Dahine haath se teen baar naak saaf karna, Daadhi ka qilaal karna, Haath aur paawon ki ungliya ka qilaal karna, Har Aazah ko teen teen baar dhona, Poore sar ka ek baar mas’a karna, Kaano ka mas’a karna, Tarteeb se Wuzu karna, Daadhi ke jo baal muh ke dayare ke neeche hai unka mas’a karna, Aazah ko paidar pai dhona, har makruh baat se bachna.

SAWAAL: Wuzu me kitni baate makruh hai ?

JAWAAB: Wuzu me Ikkis(21) baate makruh hai. Aurat ke gusl ya Wuzu ke bache huwe paani se Wuzu karna, Wuzu ke liye najis jagah baithna, Najis jagah Wuzu ka paani giraana, Masjid ke andar Wuzu karna, Wuzu ka aaza se(Wuzu karna) Bartan me khatre tapkaana, Paani me reenth ya qhankar daalna, Qible ke taraf ki tarah thook ya qhankar daalna ya kulli karna, Bezarurat duniya ki baate karna, Zarurat se ziyada paani kharch karna, Paani iss qadar kam kharch karna ki sunnat adaa na ho, Muh par paani maarna, Muh par paani daalte waqt phunkna, Sirf ek haath se muh dhona, Gale ka mas’a karna, Baaye haath se kulli karna ya naak me paani daalna, Dahine haath se naak saaf karna, apne liye koi lota wagairah khaas kar lena, Teen naye paaniyoun se teen baar sar ka masah karna jis kapde se istinja ka paani khushk kiya ho usse aazaaye Wuzu pochna, Dhoop ke garm pani se Wuzu karna, kisi sunnat ko chood dena.

SAWAAL: Kin cheezo se Wuzu toot jaata hai ?

JAWAAB: Paakhana ya peshaab karna, Paakhana peshaab ke raaste se kisi aur cheez ka nikalna, paakhana ke raaste se hawa ka nikal jaana, Badan ke kisi muqaam se khoon ya peep nikal kar aise jagah behna ki jiska Wuzu ya Gusl me dhona farz hai, Khaana paani ya safra ki muh bhar khai aana, iss tarah soo jaana ki jism ke jood dheele padh jaaye, Behosh hona junoon hona, Gashi hona, Kisi cheez ka itna nasha hona ki chalne me paawon ladkhadaye, Ruku aur sajde waali namaaz me itni jor se hasna ki aas paas waale sune, Dukhti aankh se aasoon behna, Inn tamaam baaton se Wuzu toot jaata hai.

 

GUSL KA BAYAN:

SAWAAL: Gusl karne ka tariqa kya hai ?

JAWAAB: Gusl karne ka tariqa ye hai ki pehle gusl ki niyyath karke doono haath gatton tak teen baar dhoye fir istinja ki jagah par dhoye uske baad badan par agar kahi najaasate haqiqiya yani peshaab wa paakhana agar ho toh usse door kare fir namaaz jaisa Wuzu kare magar pawoon na dhoye ‘haan’ agar chowki ya patthar wagairah oonchi cheez par nahaye toh pawoon bhi dhole. Iske baad badan par paani chupde fir teen baar dahine kandhe par paani bahaye aur fir teen baar baaye kandhe par fir sar par aur tamaam badan par teen baar paani bahaye badan par haath phere aur malein fir nahalene ke baad fauran kapda pehenle.

SAWAAL: Gusl me kitni baate farz hai ?

JAWAAB: Gusl me teen(3) baate farz hai, Kulli karna, Naak me saqt haddi tak paani chadhaana, Tamaam zahir badan par sar se pawoon tak paani bahana.

SAWAAL: Gusl me kitni baate sunnat hai ?

JAWAAB: Gusl me ye baate sunnat hai, Gusl ki niyyath karna doono haath gatton tak teen baar dhona, Istinja ki jagah dhona, Badan par jaha kahi najaasat ho usse door karna, namaaz jaisa Wuzu karna, Badan par teil ki tarah paani chupadna, Dahine kandhe fir baaye kandhe fir sar par aur tamaam badan par teen baar paani bahana tamaam badan par haath pherna aur malna, Nahane me Qibla rukh na hona aur kapda pehan kar nahana ho toh koyi harz nahi, Aisi jagah nahana ki koyi na dekhe, nahate waqt kisi qism ka kalaam na karna, Koyi dua na padhna, Aurato ko baithkar nahana, nahane ke baad fauran kapda pehen lena.

SAWAAL: Kin surathon me Gusl karna farz hai ?

JAWAAB: Juma, Eid, Bakraeid, Arfa ke din aur Ehraam baandhte waqt nahana sunnat hai.

SAWAAL: Kin surathon me Gusl karna mustahab hai ?

JAWAAB: Waqoofe arfath, Waqoofe mujadlafa, Hazariye haram, Hazariye sarkare aazam Swallallaahu alaihi wa sallam, Tawaaf, Dukhulemina, Teeno din jamron par kankariya maarne ke liye, Shabe baraat, Shabe qadr, Arfa ki raat, Majlise Milad shareef aur deegar majlise khair ki haziri ke liye, Murda nehlane ke baad, Majnoon ko junoon jaane ke baad, Gashi se ifaaqa ke baad, Nasha jaate rehne ke baad, Gunah se touba karne ke liye, Naya kapda pehen ne ke liye, safar me wapis ke baad, Istihaaza band hone ke baad, Namaaz khusoof, Istisaqa, Khauf, Taareeqi aur sakth aandhi ke liye, Badan par najaasat lagi ho aur ye maloom na ho ki kis jagah hai, Inn sab surathon me Gusl karna mustahab hai.

 

TAYAMMUM KA BAYAN:

SAWAAL: Tayammum karne ka tariqa kya hai ?

JAWAAB: Tayammum karne ka tariqa ye hai ki awwal dil me niyyath kare fir doono haath ki ungliya kushaada karke zameen par maare aur ziyada gard lag jaaye toh jhaadle fir usse saare muh ka mas’a kare fir dubara zameen par doono haath maarkar dahine haath ko baaye haath se aur baaye haath ko dahine haath se kohniyon sameth male.

SAWAAL: Zuban se tayammum ki niyyath ada karte waqt kya kahe ?

JAWAAB: Ye kahe Niyyath ki maine tayammum ki ALLAAH Ta’ala ka takarrub haasil karne ke liye.

SAWAAL: Tayammum ka ye tariqa Wuzu ke liye hai ya Gusl ke liye ?

JAWAAB: Tayammum ka yahi tariqa wazu aur Gusl dono ke liye hai.

SAWAAL: Tayammum me kitni baate farz hai ?

JAWAAB: Tayammum me teen(3) baate farz hai, Niyyath karna, Poore muh par haath pherna, Doono haatho ka kohniyon sameth mas’a karna, agar angoothi pehne ho toh uske neeche haath pherna farz hai, aur aurat agar choodi(Bangales) ya zewar pehne ho toh usse hata kar har hisse par haath pherna farz hai.

SAWAAL: Kin cheezo se tayammum karna jayiz hai ?

JAWAAB: Paak mitti, Patthar, Reth, Multani mitti, Gheru, Kachchi ya pakki Ith(Brick) Mitti aur Ith Patthar ya choone ki deewaro se tayammum karna jayiz hai.

SAWAAL: Kin cheezo se tayammum karna na jayiz hai ?

JAWAAB: Sona, Chandi, Tamba, Peetal, Loha, Lakdi, Almunium, Jasta, Kapda, Raakh aur har kisam ke galla se tayammum karna jayiz nahi, yaani jo cheeze aag me pighal jaati hai ya jalkar raakh ho jaati hai unn cheezo se tayammum karna jayiz nahi.

SAWAAL: Tayammum karna kab jayiz hai ?

JAWAAB: Jab paani par qudrath na ho toh tayammum karna jayiz hai.

SAWAAL: Paani par qudrath na hone ki kya surath hai ?

JAWAAB: Paani par qudrath na hone ki ye surath hai ki aisi bimari ho ki Wuzu ya Gusl se uske ziyada ho jaane ka sahi andesha ho ya aise maqaam par moujood ho ki waha chaaro taraf ek ek meel tak paani ka kahi pata na ho ya itni sardi ho ki paani ke istemaal se mar jaane ya beemar ho jaane ka qawi andesha ho ya kuwan moujood hai magar doal wa rassi nahi paata hai. Inke alaawa paani par qudrath na hone ki aur bhi surathe hai jo Bahare Shariyat wagairah badi kitaabon se maloom ki ja sakti hai.

SAWAAL: Kin cheezo se tayammum toot jaata hai ?

JAWAAB: Jin cheezo se Wuzu toot jaata hai ya Gusl waajib hota hai unse tayammum bhi toot jaata hai. Alaawa inke paani par qudrath ho jaane se bhi tayammum toot jaata hai.

 

ISTINJA KA BAYAN:

SAWAAL: Istinja ka tariqa kya hai ?

JAWAAB: Peshaab ke baad istinja karne ka tariqa ye hai ki paak mitti, kankar ya phate purane kapde se peshaab sukhaye fir paani se dhodaale aur Paakhana ke baad istinja karne ka tariqa ye hai ki mitti, kankar ya patthar ke teen, paanch ya saat tukdo se paakhana ki jagah saaf karle fir paani se dho dale.

SAWAAL: Istinja ka dhela aur paani kis haath se istemaal karna chahiye ?

JAWAAB: Baaye haath se.

SAWAAL: Kin cheezo se istinja karna mana hai ?

JAWAAB: Kisi qism ka khaana, haddi, gobar, leed, koyla aur jaanwar ka chaara inn sab cheezo se istinja karna mana hai.

SAWAAL: Kin jagaho par peshaab paakhana karna mana hai ?

JAWAAB: Kuwan ya houz ya chashma ke kinare, paani me agarche behta huwa ho, ghaat par, phaldaar darakht ke neeche, aise kheit me ke jisme kheiti moujood ho, saaye me jahan loog utthte baitthte ho, masjid ya Eidgah ke pehlu me, qabrstaan ya raste me, jis jagah jaanwar bandhe ho aur jaha Wuzu ya Gusl kiya jaata ho inn sab jagaho me paakhana peshaab karna mana hai.

SAWAAL: Paakhana ya peshaab karte waqt muh kis taraf hona chahiye ?

JAWAAB: Paakhana ya peshaab karte waqt Qible ki taraf muh ya peeth karna mana hai, hamare mulk me uttar ya dakshin jaanib muh karna chahiye.

 

PAANI AUR JAANWARO KE JHOOTE KA BAYAN:

SAWAAL: Kin paaniyo se Wuzu karna jayiz hai ?

JAWAAB: Barsaat ka paani, Nadi, Naale, Chashme, Samandar, Dariya aur kuwen ka paani, Pighli huwi barf ya ole ka paani, Talaab ya bade houz ka paani, inn sab paaniyo se Wuzu karna jayiz hai.

SAWAAL: Kin paaniyo se Wuzu karna jayiz nahi ?

JAWAAB: Phal aur darakht ka nichoda huwa paani ya woh paani ki jisme koyi paak cheez gayi aur naam badal gaya jaise sharbath, shorba, chaaye wagairah ya bade houz aur talaab ka aisa paani ki jiska rang ya bu ya maza kisi napaak cheez ke mil jaane se badal gaya aur chote houz ya ghade ka woh paani ki jisme koi napaak cheez gir gayi ho aisa jaanwar mar gaya ho ki jisme behta huwa khoon ho agar paani ka rang ya bu ya maza na badla ho aur woh paani ki jo Wuzu ya Gusl ka dhowa hai, inn sab paaniyo se Wuzu karna jayiz nahi.

SAWAAL: Kya Wuzu aur Gusl ke paani me kuch fark hai ?

JAWAAB: Nahi, jin paaniyo se Wuzu jayiz hai unse Gusl bhi jaayiz hai aur jin paaniyo se Wuzu najayiz hai Gusl bhi najaayiz hai.

SAWAAL: Kin jaanwaro ka jhoota paak hai ?

JAWAAB: Jin jaanwaro ka gosht khaaya jaata hai unka jhoota paak hai, jaise Gaaye, Bail, Bhains, Bakri, Kabootar aur Faakhta wagairah.

SAWAAL: Kin jaanwaro ka jhoota makruh hai ?

JAWAAB: Ghar me rehne waale jaanwar jaise Billi, Chuha, Saamp, Chipkali aur udhne waale shikaari jaanwar jaise Shikra, Baaz, Bahri, Cheel aur Kawwa wagairah, aur woh Murgi jo chuti phirti ho aur najaasat par muh dalti ho, aur woh Gaaye jiski aadath galeez khaane ki ho inn sab ka jhoota makruh hai.

SAWAAL: Kin jaanwaro ka jhoota napaak hai ?

JAWAAB: Kutta, Suwar, Sher, Cheeta, Bhediya, Haathi, Geedad aur dusre shikaari chowpaaye ka jhoota napaak hai.

 

KUWEN KA BAYAN:

SAWAAL: Kuwan kaise napaak ho jata hai ?

JAWAAB: Kuwe me Aadmi, Bail, Bhains ya Bakri gir kar mar jaaye ya kisi qism ki koyi napaak cheez gir jaaye toh kuwan napaak ho jaata hai.

SAWAAL: Kuwe me agar koyi jaanwar gir jaaye aur zinda nikaal liya jaaye toh kuwa napaak hoga ya nahi ?

JAWAAB: Agar koyi aisa jaanwar gir gaya ki uska jhoota napaak hai, jaise Kutta aur Geedad wagairah toh kuwan napaak ho jaata hai, aur agar woh jaanwar gira ki jis ka jhoota napaak nahi jaise Gaaye aur Bakri wagairah aur unke badan par najaasat bhi na lagi ho toh gir kar zinda nikal aane ki surath me jab tak unke paakhana peshaab kardene ka yaqeen na ho kuwan napaak na hoga.

SAWAAL: Kuwan agar napaak ho jaaye toh kitna paani nikaala jaayega ?

JAWAAB: Agar kuwen me najaasat padh jaaye ya Aadmi, Bail, Bhains, Bakri ya itna hi bada koyi dusra jaanwar girkar mar jaaye ya doo Billiya mar jaaye ya Murgi aur Bataq ki beet gir jaaye ya Murga, Murgi, Billi, Chuha, Chipkali ya aur koi behte huwe khoon waala jaanwar kuwen me girkar mar, phul(moota) jaaye ya phat jaaye ya aisa jaanwar gir jaaye ki jis ka jhoota napaak hai agarche zinda nikal aaye jaise Kutta aur Suwar wagairah toh inn sab surathon me kul paani nikaala jaayega.

SAWAAL: Agar Chuha ya Billi kuwen me girkar mar jaaye aur phulne(moota) phatne se pehle nikaali jaaye toh kya hukm hai ?

JAWAAB: Chuha, Chuchundar, Gouriya chidiya, Chipkali, Girgit ya inke baraabar ya inse chota koyi behte huwe khoon waala jaanwar kuwen me girkar mar jaaye aur phulne, phatne se pehle nikaal liya jaaye, toh bees doal se tees doal tak paani nikaala jaayega, aur agar Billi, Khabootar, Murgi ya itna hi bada koyi dusra jaanwar kuwen me girkar mar jaaye aur phulne, phatne nahi toh chalees se saant doal tak paani nikala jaayega.

SAWAAL: Doal kitna bada hona chahiye ?

JAWAAB: Jo Doal kuwen par padhta rehta hai wahi doal mutbar hai aur agar koyi doal khaas na ho toh aisa doal hona chahiye ki jisme takreeban sawa paanch kilo paani aajaaye.

SAWAAL: Kuwen ka paani paak ho jaane ke baad kuwen ki deewar aur doal rassi bhi paak karna padhega ya nahi ?

JAWAAB: Kuwen ki deewar aur doal rassi nahi paak karna padhega, paani paak hone ke saat ye sab cheeze bhi paak ho jaayengi.

 

NAJAASAT KA BAYAN:

SAWAAL: Najaasat ki kitni qisme hai ?

JAWAAB: Najaasat haqeeqiya ki doo qisme hai, Najaasate Galeeza, Najaasate Khafeefa.

SAWAAL: Najaasate Galeeza kya cheeze hai ?

JAWAAB: Insaan ke badan se aisi cheez nikale ki Wuzu ya Gusl waajib ho jaata ho toh woh najaasate galeeza hai, jaise Pakhana, Peshaab, Behta khoon, Peep, Muh bhar khai aur Dukhti aankh ka paani wagairah, aur haraam chowpaaye jaise Kutta, Sher, Loambdi, Billi, Chuha, Gadha, Khachchar, Haathi aur Suwar wagairah ka paakhana jaise Gaaye, Bhains ka gobar, Bakri aur Oont ki mengani, Murgi aur Batakh ki beet, Haathi ke soond ki ratoobat aur Sher, Kutta wagairah darinde chowpaaye ka luaab ye sab najaasat galeeza hai aur Doodh peeta ladka ho ya ladki unka peshaab bhi najaasate galeeza hai.(Bahare Shariyath)
SAWAAL: Najaasate khafeefa kya cheeze hai ?

JAWAAB: Jin jaanwaro ka gosht halaal hai jaise Gaaye, Bail, Bhains, Bakri aur Bheid wagairah inka peshaab neez ghode ka peshaab aur jin parnide ka gosht haraam ho jaise Kawwa, Cheel, Shikra, Baaz aur Bahri wagairah ki beet ye sab najaasate khafeefa hai.

SAWAAL: Agar najaasate galeeza badan ya kapde par lag jaaye toh kya hukm hai ?

JAWAAB: Agar najaasate galeeza ek dirham se ziyada lag jaaye toh uska paak karna farz hai ki bagair paak kiye namaaz padhli toh namaaz hogi hi nahi, aur agar najaasate galeeza ek dirham ke baraabar lag jaaye toh uska paak karna waajib hai ki bagair paak kiye padhli toh namaaz makruh tehreemi huwi yaani aisi namaaz ka dubaara padhna waajib hai aur agar najaasate galeeza ek dirham se kam lagi hai toh uska paak karna sunnat hai, bagair paak kiye namaaz padhli toh ho gayi magar khilaafe sunnat huwi aisi namaaz ka dubaara padhna behtar hai.(Bahare Shariyat)

SAWAAL: Agar najaasate khafeefa lag jaaye toh uska kya hukm hai ?

JAWAAB: Najaasate khafeefa kapde ya badan ke jis hisse me lagi hai agar uski chouthayi se kam hai. Maslan daaman me lagi hai toh daaman ki chouthayi se kam hai ya aasteen me lagi hai toh uski chouthayi se kam lagi hai ya haath me haath ki chouthayi se kam lagi hai toh maaf hai aur agar poori chouthayi me lagi ho toh bagair dhoye namaaz na hogi.

SAWAAL: Agar kapde me najaasat lag jaaye toh kitni baar dhone se paak hoga ?

JAWAAB: Agar najaasat daagdaar hai jaise paakhana aur gobar wagairah toh uske dhone me koyi ginti mukarar nahi balki usko door karna zaruri hai agar ek baar dhone se door ho jaaye toh ek hi martaba dhone se paak ho jaayega aur agar chaar paanch martaba dhone se door ho toh chaar paanch martaba dhona padega. Haan agar teen martaba se kam me najaasat door hojaaye toh teen baar poora kar lena behtar hai, aur agar najaasat pathli ho jaise peshaab wagairah toh teen martaba dhona aur teeno martaba quwwath ke saat nichdne se kapda paak ho jaayega.

 

 

HAIZ, NIFAAS AUR JANAABAT KA BAYAN:

SAWAAL: Haiz aur nifaas kise kehte hai ?

JAWAAB: Baaliga aurat ke aage ke muqaam se jo khoon aadi taur par nikalta hai aur bimari ya bachcha paida hone ke sabab se na ho toh usse haiz kehte hai, uski muddat kam se kam teen din aur ziyada se ziyada dass din hai, isse kam ya ziyada ho toh bimari yaani istihaaza hai, aur bachcha paida hone ke baad jo khoon aata hai usse nifaas kehte hai, nifaas me kami ki jaanib koyi muddat muqarar nahi aur ziyada se ziyada uska zamaana chalees din hai. Chalees din ke baad jo khoon aaye woh istihaaza hai.

SAWAAL: Haiz wa nifaas ka hukm kya hai ?

JAWAAB: Haiz wa nifaas ki haalath me roza rakhna aur namaaz padhna haraam hai, unn dino me namaaze maaf hai unki qaza bhi nahi magar rozon ki qaza aur dino me rakhna farz hai aur haiz wa nifaas wali aurat ko Qur’aan majeed padhna haraam hai khwaah dekh kar padhe ya zubaani aur uska chuna agarche uski jild ya haashiya ko haath ya ungli ki naak ya badan ka koi hissa lage sab haraam hai. Haan juzdaan me Qur’aan majeed ho toh uss juzdaan ke chune me harz nahi.

SAWAAL: Jise Ehtilaam huwa aur aise mard wa aurat ki jin par Gusl farz hai unke liye kya hukm hai?

JAWAAB: Aise loogo ko Gusl kiye bagair namaaz padhna, Qur’aan majeed dekh kar ya zubaani padhna uska chuna aur masjid me jaana haraam hai.

SAWAAL: Kya jis par Gusl farz ho woh masjid me nahi ja sakta ?

JAWAAB: Jis par Gusl farz ho usse masjid ke uss hisse me jaana haraam hai ki jo dakhile masjid hai yani namaaz ke liye banaaya gaya hai aur woh hisse ki jo fanaaye masjid hai yani istinja qaana, Gusl qaana aur Wuzu gaah wagairah toh uss jagah jaane me koyi harz nahi bashart hai ki unme jaane ka raasta daakhile masjid se hokar na guzarta ho.

SAWAAL: Aise mard wa aurat ki jin par Gusl farz hai woh Qur’aan ki taaleem de sakte hai ya nahi ?

JAWAAB: Aise loog ek ek kalima saans tood tood kar padha sakte hai aur hijje karaane me koyi harz nahi.

SAWAAL: Bewuzu Qur’aan shareef chuna wa padhna jaayiz hai ya nahi ?

JAWAAB: Bewuzu Qur’aan shareef chuna haraam hai bechuye zubaani ya dekh kar padhe toh koyi harz nahi.

SAWAAL: Bewuzu paarah Amma ya kisi dusre paarah ka chuna kaisa hai ?

JAWAAB: Bewuzu paarah Amma ya kisi dusre paarah ka chuna bhi haraam hai.

 

NAMAAZ KE WAQTON KA BAYAN:

SAWAAL: Din wa raat me kul kitni namaaze farz hai ?

JAWAAB: Din wa raat me kul paanch namaaze farz hai, Fajr, Zohar, Asr, Magrib aur Isha.

SAWAAL: Fajr ka waqt kab se kab tak hai ?

JAWAAB: Ujaala hone se fajr ka waqt shuru hota hai aur suraj nikalne se pehle tak rehta hai lekin khoob ujaala hone par padhna mustahab hai.

SAWAAL: Zohar ka waqt kab se kab tak hai ?

JAWAAB: Zohar ka waqt suraj dhalne ke baad shuru hota hai aur theek dopahar ke waqt kisi cheez ka jitna saaya hota hai uske alawa ussi cheez ka dugna saaya hojaaye toh zohar ka waqt qatm hojaata hai. Magar choote dino me awwale waqt aur bade dino me aaqiri waqt padhna mustahab hai.

SAWAAL: Asr ka waqt kab se kab tak hai ?

JAWAAB: Zohar ka waqt qatm ho jaane se Asr ka waqt shuru ho jaata hai aur suraj doobne se pehle tak rehta hai, magar asr me taaqir hamesha mustahab hai lekin na itni taaqir ki suraj ke tikiya me zaardi aajaaye.

SAWAAL: Magrib ka waqt kab se kab tak hai ?

JAWAAB: Magrib ka waqt suraj doobne ke baad se shuru ho jaata hai, aur uttar dakshin pehli huwi safedi ke gaayab hone se pehle tak rehta hai. Magar awwal waqt padhna mustahab aur taaqir makruh.

SAWAAL: Isha ka waqt kab se kab tak hai ?

JAWAAB: Isha ka waqt dakshin pehli huwi safedi ke gaayab hone se shuru hota hai aur subah ujaala hone se pehle tak rehta hai lekin tihaayi raat tak taaqir mustahab aur aadhi raat tak mubah aur aadhi raat ke baad makruh hai.

MAKRUH WAQTON KA BAYAN:

SAWAAL: Kya raat aur din me kuch waqt aise bhi hai jin me namaaz padhna jaayiz nahi ?

JAWAAB: Ji haan suraj nikalne ke waqt, suraj doobne ke waqt aur dopahar ke waqt, kisi qism ki koyi namaaz padhna jaayiz nahi. Haan agar uss din asr ki namaaz nahi padhi hai toh suraj doobne ke waqt padhle magar itni deir karna saqt gunah hai.

SAWAAL: Suraj nikalne ke waqt kitni deir namaaz padhna jaayiz nahi ?

JAWAAB: Jab suraj ka kanara zaahir ho uss waqt se lekar taqriban bees minute tak namaaz padhna jaayiz nahi.

SAWAAL: Suraj doobne ke waqt kab se kab tak namaaz padhna jaayiz nahi hai ?

JAWAAB: Jab suraj par nazar teharne lage uss waqt se lekar doobne tak namaaz padhna jaayiz nahi hai aur ye waqt bhi taqriban bees minute hai.

SAWAAL: Dopahar ke waqt kab se kab tak namaaz padhna jaayiz nahi ?

JAWAAB: Theek dopahar ke waqt taqriban chalees, pachaas minute tak namaaz padhna jaayiz nahi.

SAWAAL: Makruh waqt me namaaze janaaza padhna kaisa hai ?

JAWAAB: Agar makruh waqto me janaaza laaya gaya toh ussi waqt padhe koyi karahat nahi. Karahat uss surath me hai ki pehle se janaaza tayyar moujood hai aur taaqir ki yaha tak ki waqte karahat aagaya.(Bahare Shariyat, Aalamgeeri)

SAWAAL: Inn makruh waqto me Qur’aan shareef padhna kaisa hai ?

JAWAAB: Inn Makruh waqto me Quraan shareef na padhe toh behtar hai aur padhe toh koi harz nahi.(Anwarul Hadees)

 

 

 

 

AZAAN WA IQAAMATH KA BAYAN:

SAWAAL: Azaan kehna farz hai ya sunnat ?

JAWAAB: Farz namaazo ko jamaat ke saat masjid me adaa karne ke liye azaan kehna sunnate muakkada hai, magar uss ka hukm misl waajib ke hai yaani agar azaan na kahi gayi toh waha ke sab loog gunehgaar honge.

SAWAAL: Azaan kis waqt kehni chahiye ?

JAWAAB: Jab namaaz ka waqt ho jaaye toh azaan kehni chahiye. Waqt se pehle jaayiz nahi agar waqt se pehle kahi gayi toh waqt hone par lautayi jaaye.

SAWAAL: Farz namaaz ke alaawa aur bhi kisi waqt azaan kahi jaati hai ?

JAWAAB: Haan, Bachche aur Magmoom(Fikrmand) ke kaan me, Mirgi waale gazabnaak aur badmijaaz aadmi ya jaanwar ke kaan me, Saqt ladayi aur aag lagne ke waqt, Mayyat ko dafan karne ke baad, Jin ki sarkashi ke waqt aur jungle me jab raasta bhool jaaye aur koyi bataane wala na ho, inn surathon me azaan kehna mustahab hai.(Bahare Shariyat, Shaami Jild awwal safa 258)

SAWAAL: Azaan ka behtar tariqa kya hai ?

JAWAAB: Masjid ke sahan se baahar kisi buland jagah par Qible ki taraf muh kar ke khade ho aur doono haatho ke kalimah ki ungliyo ko kaano me daalkar buland aawaaz se azaan ke kalimaat ko tehar tehar kar kahe jaldi na kare aur Hayya alassalaat kehte waqt dahine jaanib aur Hayya alalfalaah kehte waqt baaye jaanib muh phere.

SAWAAL: Azaan ke jawaab ka kya masla hai ?

JAWAAB: Azaan ke jawaab ka masla ye hai ki azaan kehne waala jo kalimah toh sunne waala bhi wahi kalimah kahe magar Hayya alassalaat aur Hayya alalfalaah ke jawaab me (La hau la walaa Quwwata Illa Billah) kahe aur behtar ye hai ki doono kahe, aur fajr ki azaan me Assalaatu qairum minannoum ke jawaab me (Sadaqta wa barrarta wa bil haqiq nataqta) kahe.
SAWAAL: Qutbe ki azaan ka jawaab dena kaisa hai ?
JAWAAB: Qutbe ki azaan ka zuban se jawaab dena muqtadiyo ko jaayiz nahi.
SAWAAL: Taqbeer yaani iqaamat kehna kaisa hai ?
JAWAAB: Iqaamat kehna bhi sunnate muakkada hai uski taaqeed azaan se ziyada hai.
SAWAAL: Kya azaan kehne waala hi iqaamat kahe dusra na kahe ?
JAWAAB: Haan, azaan kehne waala hi iqaamat kahe, uski ijaazat ke bagair dusra na kahe agar bagair ijaazat dusre ne kahi, aur azaan dene waale ko nagawaar ho toh makruh hai.
SAWAAL: Azaan wa iqaamat ke darmiyan salaat padhna kaisa hai ?
JAWAAB: Salaat padhna yaani “Assalaatu Wassalaamu Alaika Ya RasoolALLAAH” kehna jaayiz wa mustahasan hai, iss salaat ka naam istilahe shara me tasweeb hai aur tasweeb namaaze magrib ke alaawa baaki namaazo ke liye mustahasan hai.(Aalamgeeri) Tambee (1) Jo azaan ke waqt baato me mashgool rahe uss par maazALLAAH khatima bura hone ka qauf hai.(Bahare Shariyat Bahawala Fatwa-e-razviya)
(2) Jab azaan qatm hojaaye toh muazzin aur azaan sunne waale darood shareef padhe fir azaan ke baad ki ye dua padhe “ALLAAHumma rabba haazahidda’wa tittaamati wassalaatil qaayimati aati sayyidina muhammed nil waseelata wal fazeelath waddaraj tararafeeat wabasahu maqaamamuh mooda nillazi wa attahu warzuqna shafa atahu youmal qiyamati innaka laa tuqliful miaad.” (3) Jab muazzin “Ashhadu anna muhammedar rasoolullah” kahe toh sunne waala darood shareef padhe aur mustahab hai ki angothon ko choom kar aankho se lagaale aur kahe “Qurratu aainee bika ya rasoolullahi ALLAAHumma maatiani bissami wal basri”.(Bahare Shariyat Shaami)

 

TAADADEY RAKAAT AUR NIYYAT KA BAYAN:

SAWAAL: Fajr ke waqt kitni rakaat namaaz padhi jaati hai ?

JAWAAB: Kul chaar rakaat pehle doo rakaat sunnat phir doo rakaat farz.

SAWAAL: Doo rakaat sunnat ki niyyat kis tarah ki jaayegi ?

JAWAAB: Niyyat ki maine doo rakaat namaaz sunnat fajr ki ALLAAH Ta’ala ke liye sunnat Rasoolullah ki muh mera taraf Ka’aba shareef ke ALLAAHu akbar.

SAWAAL: Doo rakaat farz ki niyyat kis tarah ki jaayegi ?

JAWAAB: Niyyat ki maine doo rakaat namaaz farz fajr ki ALLAAH Ta’ala ke liye (Muqtadi itna aur kahe peeche iss imam ke) muh mera taraf Ka’aba shareef ke ALLAAHu akbar.

SAWAAB: Zohar ke waqt kul kitni rakaat namaaz padhi jaati hai ?

JAWAAB: Baarah(12) rakaat, pehle chaar rakaat sunnat phir chaar rakaat farz phir doo rakaat sunnat phir doo rakaat nafl.

SAWAAL: Chaar rakaat sunnat ki niyyat kis tarah ki jaayegi ?

JAWAAB: Niyyat ki maine chaar rakaat namaaz sunnat zohar ki ALLAAH Ta’ala ke liye sunnat Rasoolullah ki muh mera taraf Ka’aba shareef ke ALLAAHu akbar.

SAWAAL: Chaar rakaat farz ki niyyat kis tarah ki jaayegi ?

JAWAAB: Niyyat ki maine chaar rakaat namaaz farz zohar ki ALLAAH Ta’ala ke liye (Muqtadi itna aur kahe peeche iss imam ke) muh mera taraf Ka’aba shareef ke ALLAAHu akbar.

SAWAAL: Doo rakaat sunnat ki niyyat kis tarah ki jaayegi ?

JAWAAB: Niyyat ki maine doo rakaat namaaz sunnat zohar ki ALLAAH Ta’ala ke liye sunnat Rasoolullah ki muh mera taraf Ka’aba shareef ke ALLAAHu akbar.

SAWAAL: Doo rakaat nafl ki niyyat kaise kare ?

JAWAAB: Niyyat ki maine doo rakaat namaaz nafl ki ALLAAH Ta’ala ke liye muh mera taraf Ka’aba shareef ke ALLAAHu akbar.

SAWAAB: Asr ke waqt kul kitni rakaat namaaz padhi jaati hai ?

JAWAAB: Aath(8) rakaat, pehle chaar rakaat sunnat phir chaar rakaat farz.

SAWAAL: Chaar rakaat sunnat ki niyyat kis tarah ki jaayegi ?

JAWAAB: Niyyat ki maine chaar rakaat namaaz sunnat asr ki ALLAAH Ta’ala ke liye sunnat Rasoolullah ki muh mera taraf Ka’aba shareef ke ALLAAHu akbar.

SAWAAL: Chaar rakaat farz ki niyyat kaise kare ?

JAWAAB: Niyyat ki maine chaar rakaat namaaz farz asr ki ALLAAH Ta’ala ke liye (Muqtadi itna aur kahe peeche iss imam ke) muh mera taraf Ka’aba shareef ke ALLAAHu akbar.

SAWAAB: Magrib ke waqt kul kitni rakaat namaaz padhi jaati hai ?

JAWAAB: Saath(7) rakaat, pehle teen rakaat farz phir doo rakaat sunnat phir doo rakaat nafl.

SAWAAL: Teen rakaat farz ki niyyat kis tarah ki jaayegi ?

JAWAAB: Niyyat ki maine teen rakaat namaaz farz magrib ki ALLAAH Ta’ala ke liye (Muqtadi itna aur kahe peeche iss imam ke) muh mera taraf Ka’aba shareef ke ALLAAHu akbar.

SAWAAL: Doo rakaat sunnat ki niyyat kaise kare ?

JAWAAB: Niyyat ki maine doo rakaat namaaz sunnat magrib ki ALLAAH Ta’ala ke liye sunnat Rasoolullah ki muh mera taraf Ka’aba shareef ke ALLAAHu akbar.

SAWAAL: Doo rakaat nafl ki niyyat kaise kare ?

JAWAAB: Niyyat ki maine doo rakaat namaaz nafl ki ALLAAH Ta’ala ke liye muh mera taraf Ka’aba shareef ke ALLAAHu akbar.

SAWAAB: Isha ke waqt kul kitni rakaat namaaz padhi jaati hai ?

JAWAAB: Satrah(17) rakaat, pehle chaar rakaat sunnat, phir chaar rakaat farz, phir doo rakaat sunnat, phir doo rakaat nafl, iske baad phir teen rakaat witr waajib, phir doo rakaat nafl.

SAWAAL: Chaar rakaat sunnat ki niyyat kis tarah ki jaayegi ?

JAWAAB: Niyyat ki maine chaar rakaat namaaz sunnat isha ki ALLAAH Ta’ala ke liye sunnat Rasoolullah ki muh mera taraf Ka’aba shareef ke ALLAAHu akbar.

SAWAAL: Chaar rakaat farz ki niyyat kaise kare ?

JAWAAB: Niyyat ki maine chaar rakaat namaaz farz isha ki ALLAAH Ta’ala ke liye (Muqtadi itna aur kahe peeche iss imam ke) muh mera taraf Ka’aba shareef ke ALLAAHu akbar.

SAWAAL: Doo rakaat sunnat ki niyyat kis tarah ki jaayegi ?

JAWAAB: Niyyat ki maine doo rakaat namaaz sunnat isha ki ALLAAH Ta’ala ke liye sunnat Rasoolullah ki muh mera taraf Ka’aba shareef ke ALLAAHu akbar.

SAWAAL: Doo rakaat nafl ki niyyat kis tarah ki jaayegi ?

JAWAAB: Niyyat ki maine doo rakaat namaaz nafl ki ALLAAH Ta’ala ke liye muh mera taraf Ka’aba shareef ke ALLAAHu akbar.

SAWAAL: Witr ki niyyat kis tarah ki jaayegi ?

JAWAAB: Niyyat ki maine teen rakaat namaaz waajib witr ki ALLAAH Ta’ala ke liye muh mera taraf Ka’aba shareef ke ALLAAHu akbar.

SAWAAL: Doo rakaat nafl ki niyyat kaise kare ?

JAWAAB: Niyyat ki maine doo rakaat namaaz nafl ki ALLAAH Ta’ala ke liye muh mera taraf Ka’aba shareef ke ALLAAHu akbar.

SAWAAL: Agar niyyat ke alfaaz bhool kar kuch ke kuch zuban se nikal jaaye toh namaaz hogi ya nahi?

JAWAAB: Niyyat dil ke pakke iraade ko kehte hai yaani niyyat me zuban ka ayetbaar nahi toh agar dil me maslan, zohar ka irada kiya aur zubaan se lafze asr nikal gaya toh zohar ki namaaz ho jaayegi.

SAWAAL: Qaza namaaz ki niyyat kis tarah karni chahiye ?

JAWAAB: Jis roz aur jis waqt ki namaaz qaza ho uss roz aur uss waqt ki niyyat qaza me zaruri hai maslan, agar jum’a ke roz fajr ki namaaz qaza ho gayi toh iss tarah niyyat kare ki niyyat ki maine doo rakaat namaaz qaza jum’a ke fajr farz ki ALLAAH Ta’ala ke liye muh mera taraf Ka’aba shareef ke ALLAAHu akbar.

SAWAAL: Agar koyi saal ki namaaze qaza ho toh niyyat kaise kare ?

JAWAAB: Aise surath me jo namaaz maslan, zohar ki qaza padhni hai toh iss tarah niyyat kare niyyat ki maine chaar rakaat namaaz qaza jo mere zimme baaki hai unme se pehle zohar farz ki ALLAAH Ta’ala ke liye muh mera taraf Ka’aba shareef ke ALLAAHu akbar. Issi par dusri qaza namaazo ki niyyato ko qiyas karna chahiye.

SAWAAL: Paanch waqt ki namaazo me kul kitni rakaat qaza padhi jaayegi

JAWAAB: Bees rakaat, doo rakaat Fajr, chaar rakaat Zohar, chaar rakaat Asr, teen rakaat Magrib, chaar rakaat Isha aur teen rakaat Witr, khulaasa ye ki Farz aur Witr ki qaza hai Sunnat namaazo ki qaza nahi hai.

 

NAMAAZ PADHNE KA TAREEQA:

SAWAAL: Namaaz padhne ka tariqa kya hai ?

JAWAAB: Namaaz padhne ka tariqa ye hai ki baWuzu Qiblaru doono paawon ke panjo me chaar ungliyo ka faasla karke khada ho aur doono haath kaan tak le jaaye ki angoothe kaan ki lou se chu jaaye iss haal me ki hatheliyan Qibla rukh ho phir niyyat kare ALLAAHu akbar kehte huwe haath neeche laakar naaf ke neeche baandhle aur sana padhe. “SUBHANAKALLAAHUMMA WA BIHAMDIKA WA TABAARA KASMUKA WA TA AALA JADDUKA WALA ILAAHA GAIRUKA” phir Taouz yaani ‘AWUZU BILLAHI MINASH SHAITAAN NIRRAJEEM’ phir Tasmiyah yaani ‘BISMILLAH HIRRAHMAAN NIRRAHEEM’ padh kar ALHAMDU padhe aur Aameen aahista kahe, uske baad koyi surat ya teen aayate padhe ya ek aayat jo ki chooti teen aayaton ke barabar ho. aub ALLAAHu akbar kehta huwa ruku me jaaye aur ghutno ko haath se pakad le iss tarah ki hatheliya ghutno par ho, ungliya khoob pheli ho, peeth bichi ho aur sar peeth ke baraabar ho ooncha neecha na ho aur kam se kam teen baar “SUBHANA RABBIAL AZEEM” kahe phir “SAMIALLAAHU LIMAN HAMIDAH” kehte huwe seedha khada hojaaye aur akele namaaz padhta ho toh uske baad “RABBANA LAKAL HAMD” kahe phir ALLAAHu akbar kehta huwa sajde me jaaye iss tarah ki pehle ghutne zameen par rakhe phir haath phir doono haatho ke beech me naak phir peshaani rakhe iss tarah ki peshaani aur naak ki haddi zameen par jamaaye aur baazoun ko karwato aur peit ko raano aur raano ko pindhliyo se juda rakhe aur doono paawon ki sab ungliya Qiblaru ho aur kam se kam teen baar “SUBHANA RABBIAL AALA” kahe phir sar uthaye phir haath aur dahina qadam khada karke uski ungliya qiblarukh kare aur baaya qadam bicha kar uss par khoob seedha bait jaaye aur hatheliya bichakar raano par ghutno ke paas rakhe phir ALLAAHu akbar kehta huwa sajde me jaaye aur pehle ki tarah sajda karke phir sar uthaye phir haatho ko ghutno par rakh kar panjo ke bal khada hojaaye aub sirf ‘BISMILLAH HIRRAHMAAN NIRRAHEEM’ padh kar Qirath shuru kare phir pehle ki tarah ruku sajda karke baaya qadam bicha kar bait jaaye aur Tashahud padhe “ATTAHI YATULILLAHI WASSALAWATU WATTAIBAATU ASSALAAMU ALAIKA AYYUHANNABIYYU WA RAHMATULLAHI WA BARKA TAHU ASSALAAMU ALAINA WA AALA IBAADILLAHISSALIHEEN ASHHADU ALLAAILAAHA ILLALAAHU WA ASHHADU ANNA MUHAMMADAN ABDUHU WA RASSOLUHU” Tashahud padhte huwe jab kalimaye “LAA” ke qareeb pahunche toh dahine haath ke beech ungli aur angoothe ka halka banaye aur changuliya aur uske paas waali ko hatheli se milaade lafze “LAA” par kalima ki ungli uthaye magar usko hilaaye nahi aur kalimaye “ILLA” par gira de aur sab ungliya fauran seedhi karle aub agar doo se ziyada rakaat padhni hai toh uth khada ho aur iss tarah padhe magar farzo ki unn rakaato me ALHAMDU ke saat surat milaana zaruri nahi aub pichla qaida(baithak) jiske baad namaaz qatm karega uss me Tashahud ke baad darood shareef padhe “ALLAAHUMMA SALLE ALA SAYYADINA MUHAMMADIN WA AALA AALI SAYYADINA IBRAHEEMA WALAA ALI SAYYADINA IBRAHEEMA INNAKA HAMEEDUMMAJEED, ALLAAHUMMA BAARIK ALA SAYYADINA MUHAMMADIN KAMA BAARAKTA ALAA IBRAHEEMA WA AALA IBRAHEEMA INNAKA HAMEEDUMMAJEED.”

PHIR DUA-E-MASURA PADHE:

“ALLAAHUMAG FIRLI WALI WAALIDAYYA WALIMAN TAWAALDA WALIJAMIEL MOMINEENA WAL MOMINATI WAL MUSLIMEEN WAL MUSLIMAATIL AHYAYI MINHUM WAL AMWATI INNAKA MUJEEBUDDAWATI BIRAHMATIKA YAA ARHAMARRAHAMEEN”, ya koyi aur dusri Dua-e-masura padhe. Iske baad pehle dahine kandhe ki taraf muh karke ‘ASSALAAMU ALAIKUM WA RAHMATULLAH’ kahe phir baaye taraf aub namaaz poori hogayi.

NAMAAZ KE BAAD KI DUA:

“ALLAAHUMMA ANTASSALAAM WAMIN KASSALAAM WA ILAIKA YARAJIUSSALAAM FAHAIYYANA RABBANA BISSALAAM WADQILNA DAARASSALAM WA TABAARAKTA RABBANA WATA ALAITA YA ZALJALAALI WAL IKRAAM”.

AURATO KE LIYE NAMAAZ KE MAQSOOS MASAYEEL:

Aurate takbeere tehrima ke waqt kaano tak haath na uthaye balki kandho tak uthaye, haath naaf ke neeche na bandhe balki baaye hatheli seene par chaathi ke neeche rakh kar uski peeth par dahini hatheli rakhe, ruku me ziyada na jhuke balki thoda jhuke yani sirf iss qadar ki haath ghutno tak pahunch jaaye, peeth seedhi na kare aur ghutno par joor na de balki mahaz haath rakh de aur haatho ki ungliya mili huwi rakhe aur paaw kuch jhuka rakhe mardo ki tarah khoob seedha na karde. Aurate simat kar sajda kare yani baazoun ko karwato se milade aur peit raano se aur raano ko pindhliyo se pindhliya zameen se juda na rakhe, aur qaida(baithak) me baaye qadam par na baithe balki doono paaw dahine janib nikaal de aur baaye sureen(puttha) par baithe, aurate bhi khadi hokar namaaz padhe. Farz aur waajib jitni namaaze bagair ujr baithkar padh chuki hai unki qaza kare aur tauba kare aurat mard ki imaamat hargiz nahi kar sakti aur sirf aurate jamaat kare ye makruh teheemi aur najaayiz hai, aurato par Juma aur Eidein ki namaaz waajib nahi.

 

NAMAAZ KI SHARTE:

SAWAAL: Namaaz ki sharte kitni hai ?

JAWAAB: Namaaz ki sharte chey(6) hai, jinke bagair namaaz sire se hoti hi nahi.
(1)Taharat: Yaani namaazi ke badan, kapde aur uss jagah ka paak hona ki jis par namaaz padhe.
(2)Satr-e-aurat: Yaani mard ko naaf se ghutno tak chupaana aur aurat ko siwaaye chehra, hatheli aur qadam ke poora badan chupaana, aurat agar itna bareek dupatta oodh kar namaaz padhe ki jis se baal ki siyahi chamke toh namaaz na hogi jab ki uss par koyi aisi cheez na oodhe ki jis se baal ka rang chup jaaye(Aalamgeeri).
(3)Isteqbaale Qibla: Yani namaaz me Qibla ki taraf muh karna. Agar Qibla ki samth me shuba ho toh kisi se daryaaft karle agar koyi dusra moujood na ho toh gaur-o-fikr ke baad jidhar dil jame usi taraf muh karke namaaz padhle. Phir agar baade namaaz malum huwa ki Qibla dusri samth tha toh koyi harz nahi namaaz ho gayi.
(4)Waqt: Lihaaza waqt se pehle namaaz padhi toh na huwi jiska bayan tafseel ke saat pehle guzar chuka hai.
(5)Niyyat: Yaani dil ke pakke iraade ke saat namaaz padhna zaruri hai aur zubaan se niyyat ke alfaaz kehlena mustahab hai, iss me arabi ki kuch takhsees nahi urdu wagairah me bhi ho sakti hai, aur youn kahe niyyat ki maine niyyat karta hoon na kahe.
(6)Takbire Tehreema: Yaani namaaz ke shuru me ALLAAHu akbar kehna sharth hai.

 

ISTILAHATE SHARIYA KA BAYAN:

SAWAAL: Farz aur waajib kise kehte hai ?

JAWAAB: Farz woh kaam hai ki usko jaan booj kar chodhna saqt gunah aur jis ibadat ke andar woh ho bagair uske woh ibadat durust na ho. aur waajib woh kaam hai ki usko jaan booj kar chodhna gunah aur namaaz me qasdan chodne se namaaz ka dubaara padhna zaruri aur bhool kar choot jaaye toh sajda-e-sahu laazim.

SAWAAL: Sunnate muakkada aur Gair muakkada kise kehte hai ?

JAWAAB: Sunnate muakkada woh kaam hai ki jiska chodhna bura aur karna sawaab hai aur ittifaqan chodhne par itaab aur chodhne ki aadath kar lene par mustahike azaab aur sunnate muakkada woh kaam hai ki uska karna sawaab aur na karna agarche aadath ho itaab nahi magar sharan na pasand ho.

SAWAAL: Mustahab aur Mubah kise kehte hai ?

JAWAAB: Mustahab woh kaam hai ki jiska karna sawaab aur na karne par kuch gunah nahi aur mubah woh kaam hai ki jiska karna aur na karna baraabar ho.

SAWAAL: Haraam aur makruh tehreemi kise kehte hai ?

JAWAAB: Haraam woh kaam hai ki jiska ek baar bhi jaan booj kar karna saqt gunah hai, aur usse bachna farz aur sawaab hai, aur makruh tehreemi woh kaam hai ki jiske karne se ibadat naakis ho jaati hai aur karne waala gunahgaar hota hai agarche uska gunah haraam se kam hai.

SAWAAL: Makruh tanzeehi aur khilafe Aula kise kehte hai ?

JAWAAB: Makruh tanzeehi woh kaam hai ki jiska karna shariyat ko pasand na ho aur usse bachna behtar aur sawaab ho, aur khilafe Aula woh kaam hai ki jiska na karna behtar hai aur karne me koyi muzaiqa(harz) aur itaab nahi.

 

NAMAAZ KE FARAAIZ:

SAWAAL: Namaaz me kitni cheeze farz hai ?

JAWAAB: Namaaz me chey(6) cheeze farz hai, (1)Qiyaam, (2)Qirat, (3)Ruku, (4)Sajda, (5)Qaida-e-aaqira, (6)Quruja bisunihi.

SAWAAL: Qiyaam farz hai iska kya matlab hai ?

JAWAAB: Iska matlab ye hai ki khade ho kar namaaz adaa karna zaruri hai toh agar kisi ne bagair ujr baith kar namaaz padhi toh na huwi, khwaah aurat ho ya mard. Haan nafl namaaz baith kar padhna jaayiz hai.

SAWAAL: Qirat farz hai iska kya matlab hai ?

JAWAAB: Iska matlab ye hai ki farz ki doo rakaato me aur witr sunnat aur nafl ki har rakaato me Qur’aan shareef padhna zaruri hai toh agar kisi ne inme Qur’aan na padha toh namaaz na hogi.

SAWAAL: Qur’aan Majeed aahista padhne ka adna(kam) darja kya hai ?

JAWAAB: Aahista padhne ka adna darja ye hai ki khud sune agar iss qadar aahista padha ki khud na suna toh namaaz na hogi.

SAWAAL: Ruku ka adna(kam) darja kya hai ?

JAWAAB: Ruku ka adna darja ye hai ki haath ghutne tak pahunch jaaye aur poora ruku ye hai ki peet seedhi bichaade aur sar peet ke barabar rakhe ooncha neecha na rakhe.

SAWAAL: Sajde ki haqeeqat kya hai ?

JAWAAB: Peshaani zameen par jamna sajde ki haqeeqat hai, aur paawo ki ek ungli ka peit zameen se lagna sharth hai toh agar kisi ne iss tarah sajda kiya ki doono paaw zameen se uthe rahe toh namaaz na huwi balke agar sirf ungli ki naak zameen se lagi jab bhi namaaz na huwi.(Bahare Shariyath)

SAWAAL: Kitni ungliyo ka peit zameen se lagna waajib hai ?

JAWAAB: Doono paawo ki teen-teen ungliyoun ka peit zameen se lagna waajib hai.

SAWAAL: Qaida-e-aqira ka kya matlab hai ?

JAWAAB: Namaaz ki rakaate poori karne ke baad Attahiyyatu wa Rasoolahu tak padhne ki miqdaar tak baithna farz hai.

SAWAAL: Quruja bisunihi kise kehte hai ?

JAWAAB: Qaida-e-aqira ke baad qasdan manafiye namaaz koyi kaam karne ko Quruja bisunihi kehte hai, lekin salam ke alaawa koyi dusra munafi qasdan paaya gaya toh namaaz ka dubaara padhna waajib hai.

 

NAMAAZ KE WAAJIBAAT:

SAWAAL: Namaaz me jo cheeze waajib hai unhe bataye ?

JAWAAB: Namaaz me yeh cheeze waajib hai, Takbeer-e-tehreema me lafze ALLAAHu akbar hona, Alhamdu padhna, Farz ki doo pehli rakaato me sunnat, nafl aur witr ki har rakaat me alhamdu ke saat surat ya teen chooti aayat milaana, farz namaaz me doo pehli rakaato me Qirat karna, alhamdu ki surat se pehle hona har rakaat me surat se pehle ek hi baar alhamdu padhna, alhamdu wa surat ke darmiyan kisi ajnabi ka fasil na hona. Qirat ke baad fauran ruku karna, sajde me doono paawo ke teen teen ungliyo ka peit zameen par lagana doono sajde ke darmiyan koyi rukn fasil na hona, taadil arkaan, Qauma yaani ruku se seedha khada hona, jalsa yaani doono sajdon ke darmiyan seedha baithna Qaida-e-oola me tashahud ke baad kuch na padhna, har Qaida me poora tashahud padhna, lafze assalaam doo baar kehna, witr me dua-e-Qunoot padhna, takbeere qunoot, Eidein ki chaaron takbeere, Eidein me dusri rakaat ki takbeer-e-ruku aur uss takbeer ke liye lafze ALLAAHu akbar hona, har zaahiri namaaz me imaam ko zaahir se qirat karna aur gair zaahiri me aahista, har waajib aur farz ka uski jagah par hona, ruku ka har rakaat me ek hi baar hona aur sujood ka doo hi baar hona, dusre se pehle Qaida na karna aur chaar rakaat waali me teesri par qaida na hona, aayate sajda padhi toh sajda-e-tilawat karna aur sahu ho toh sajda-e-sahu karna doo farz ya doo waajib ya waajib farz ke darmiyan teen tasbeeh ki miqdaar wakfa na hona, imaam jab qirat kare buland aawaz se khwaah aahista uss waqt muqtadi ka chup rehna aur siwaaye qirat ke tamaam waajibaat me imaam ki pairwi karna.

NAMAAZ KE SUNNATE:

SAWAAL: Namaaz me sunnato ka bayaan farmayiye ?

JAWAAB: Namaaz ki sunnate ye hai, tehreema ke liye haath uthaana aur haatho ki ungliyan apne haal par choodna takbeer ke waqt sar na jhukaana aur hatheliyo aur ungliyo ke peit ka Qibla rukh hona, takbeer se pehle haath uthaana isi tarah takbeere qunoot wa takbeerate Eidein me kaano tak haath le jaane ke baad takbeer kehna. Aurato ko sirf kandho(mundho) tak haath uthaana imaam ka ALLAAHu akbar, SamiALLAAHuliman hamidah aur salaam buland aawaaz se kehna takbeer ke baad haath latkaaye bagair fauran baandh lena, sana, taouz tasmiya padhna aur aameen kehna aur inn sab ka hona pehle sana padhna fir taouz fir tasmiya aur har ek ke baad dusre ko fauran padhna, ruku me teen baar Subhana Rabbial Azeem kehna aur ghutno ko haatho se pakadna aur ungliyan khoob khuli rakhna, aurato ko ghutno par haath rakhna aur ungliya kushaada(khuli) na rakhna, haalate ruku me taange seedhi hona, ruku ke liye ALLAAHu akbar kehna, ruku me peet khoob bichi rakhna, ruku se uthne par haath latka huwa choodh dena, ruku se uthne me imaam SamiALLAAHuliman hamidah kehna, muqtadi ko rabbana lakalhamd kehna aur akele ko doono kehna, sajde ke liye aur sajde se uthne ke liye ALLAAHu akbar kehna, sajde me kam se kam teen baar Subhana Rabbial Aala kehna, sajda karne ke liye phir ghutna phir haath phir naak phir peshaani(matha) zameen par rakhna aur sajde se uthne ke liye pehle peshaani(matha) phir naak phir haath phir ghutna zameen se uthaana, sajde me baazu karwato se aur peit raano se alag hona aur kutte ki tarah zameen par kalayiya na bichaana, aurato ka baazu karwato se peit raano se raan pindaliyo se aur pindaliya zameen se mila dena, doono sajdo ke darmiyan(beech) Tashahud ki tarah baithna aur haatho ko raano par rakhna, sajdo me haatho ki ungliyo ka Qibla rukh hona aur mili huwi na hona aur paawo ki dus ungliyo ke peit zameen par lagaana, dusri rakaat ke liye panjo ke bal ghutno par haath rakh kar uthna, Qaida me baaya paaw bichaakar doono sureen(khula) uspar rakh kar baithna, dahina pair khada rakhna aur dahine pair ki ungliyan Qibla rukh(Qible ki taraf) karna, aurat ko doono paaw dahini taraf nikaal kar baaye sureen(khula) par baithna, dahina haath dahini raan par aur baaya haath baayi raan par rakhna aur ungliyo ko apni halath par choodhna, shahaadath par ishara karna, Qaida-e-aakhira me tashahud ke baad darood shareef aur dua-e-masoora padhna.

 

QIRAATH KA BAYAAN:

SAWAAL: Agar sure fatiha padhne ke baad surat milaana bhool jaaye aur ruku me yaad aaye toh kya kare ?

JAWAAB: Agar surat milaana bhool jaaye fir ruku me yaad aaye toh khada ho jaaye aur surat milaaye phir ruku kare aur aakhir me sajda-e-sahu kare.

SAWAAL: Farz ki pehli doo rakaat me surat milaana bhool jaaye toh kya kare ?

JAWAAB: Farz ki pehli doo rakaato me surat milaana bhool jaaye aur ruku ke baad yaad aaye toh pichli doo rakaato me padhe aur sajda-e-sahu kare aur magrib ki pehli doo rakaato me bhool jaaye toh teesri me padhe aur ek rakaat ki surat jaati rahi, aakhir me sajda-e-sahu kare.

SAWAAL: Agar farz ki pehli doo rakaato me se kisi ek me surat milana bhool jaaye aur ruku ke baad yaad aaye toh kya kare ?

JAWAAB: Teesri ya chouthi me suraye fatiha ke saat surat milaaye aur sajda-e-sahu kare.

SAWAAL: Agar sunnat ya nafl me surat milaana bhool jaaye aur ruku ke baad sajda wagairah me yaad aaye toh kya kare ?

JAWAAB: Aakhir me sajda-e-sahu kare.

SAWAAL: Pehli rakaat me jo surat padhi phir usi ko dusri rakaat me bhool kar shuru kar di toh kya kare ?

JAWAAB: Phir usi surat ko shuru kar di toh usi ko padhe aur qasdan(jaan bujkar) aisa karna makruh tanzeehi hai haan agar dusri yaad na ho toh harz nahi.

SAWAAL: Dusri rakaat me pehli waali se upar ki surat padhi yaani pehli me Qul ya ayyuha kafiroon aur dusri me Inna aa taina kal kausar padhi toh kya hukm hai ?

JAWAAB: Dusri rakaat me pehli waali se upar ki surat ya aayat padhna makruh tehreemi aur gunah hai magar bhool kar aisa ho toh na gunaah hai aur na sajda-e-sahu.

SAWAAL: Bhool kar dusri rakaat me upar ki surat shuru kar di phir yaad aaya toh kya kare ?

JAWAAB: Jo shuru kar chuka hai usi ko poori kare agarche abhi ek hi harf padha ho.

SAWAAL: Pehli me Alam tara kaifa aur dusri me Lee Ilaafi choodh kar Araitallazi padhna kaisa hai ?

JAWAAB: Dusri me ek chooti surat choodh kar padhna mana hai aur bhool kar shuru kar di toh usi ko qatm kare choodne ki ijaazath nahi.

 

JAMAAT AUR IMAAMAT KA BAYAAN:

SAWAAL: Jamaat farz hai ya waajib ?

JAWAAB: Jamaat waajib hai, jamaat ke saat ek namaaz padhne se sattayis(27) namaazo ka sawaab milta hai, bagair uzr ek baar bhi choodne waala gunahagaar aur choodhne ki aadath kar lene waala faasiq hai.

SAWAAL: Jamaat choodhne ke ujr kya kya hai ?

JAWAAB: Andha, ya apaahij hona, itna boodha ya bimaar hona ki masjid tak jaane se majboor ho, saqt baarish ya shadeed keechad ka hayil hona, aandhi ya saqt andheri ya saqt sardi ka hona aur paakhana wa peshaab ki saqt haajat(zarurath) hona wagairah.

SAWAAL: Imaamat ka sabse ziyaada haqdaar kaun hai ?

JAWAAB: Imaamat ka sabse ziyaada haqdaar woh shaks hai jo namaaz wa tahaarath ke ahkaam sab se ziyaada jaanta ho. phir woh shaks jo tajweed yaani qiraat ki jaankaari ziyaada rakhta ho, agar koyi shaks inn baato me baraabar ho toh woh shaks ziyaada haqdaar hai jo ziyaada muttaqi ho agar iss me bhi baraabar ho phir ziyaada tahajjud guzaar. Garz ye ki chand aadmi baraabar ho toh unn me jo sharee tarjeeh rakhta ho wahi ziyaada haqdaar hai.

SAWAAL: Kin loogo ko imaam banaana gunah hai ?

JAWAAB: Faasiq molin jaise sharaabi, juaari, zinakaari, soodkhoor, chugalkhoor aur daadhi mundaane waala ya kata kar ek musht(mutthi) se kam rakh ne waala aur woh badd mazhab ki jis ki badd mazhabi hadde kufr ko na pahunchi ho, unn loogo ko imaam banaana gunah hai aur unke peeche namaaz makruh tehreemi waajibul iaada hai.

SAWAAL: Wahabi devbandi ke peeche namaaz padhna kaisa hai ?

JAWAAB: Wahabi devbandi ke aqeede kufri hai maslan unn loogo ka aqeeda ye hai ki jaisa ilm Huzur Swallallaahu alaihi wa sallam ko haasil hai aisa ilm toh baccho, paagalo aur jaanwaro ko bhi haasil hai jaise ki unka peshwa molvi ashraf ali thanwi ne apni kitaab hifzul imaan me safa no:8 par Huzur Swallallaahu alaihi wa sallam ke liye kul ilme gaib ka inkaar karte huwe sirf baaz ilme gaib ke bare me yun likha hai ki “Isme Huzur ki kya takhsee hai aisa ilm toh zaid wa umar balki har sab(baccho) maznoon balki jameea haiwanaat wa bahayam key liye bhi haasil hai” Maaz ALLAAH Rabbil Aalameen. Iss tarah unke peshwaon ki kitaabon me bahuth se kufri aqeede hai jinhe woh haq maante hai isliye unke peeche namaaz padhna najaayiz wa gunah hai agar kisi ne galti se padhli ho toh phir se padhe agar dubaara nahi padhega toh gunahgaar hoga.(Bahare Shariyath)

SAWAAL: Kin loogo ko imaam banaana makruh hai ?

JAWAAB: Gawaar, andhe, walduzzina, amrad, kodhi, faaliz ki bimari waale, bars(kodh) waala jis ka bars zahir ho, inn sabko imaam banana makruh tanzeehi hai aur karahat uss waqt hai jabki jamaat me aur koyi unse behtar ho aur agar wahi mustahiqqe imaamat hai toh karahat nahi aur andhe ki imaamat me toh khafeef karahat hai.(Bahare Shariyath)

 

NAMAAZ FAASID KARNE WAALI CHEEZE:

SAWAAL: Kin cheezo se namaaz faasid ho jaati hai ?

JAWAAB: Kalaam karne se khwaah amdan(Jaanboojkar) ho ya galti ya bhool kar apni khushi se baat kare ya kisi ke majboor karne par behtar surat namaaz jaati rahegi. Zuban se kisi ko salaam kare jaan kar ya bhool kar namaaz faasid ho jaayegi isi tarah zubaan se salaam ka jawaab dena bhi naam ko fasid kar deta hai, kisi ki cheenk ke jawaab me “YarhamukALLAAH” kaha ya khushi ki khabar sun kar jawaab me “Alhamdulillah” kaha ya tajub me daalne waali khabar sun kar jawaab me “SubhaanALLAAH” kaha ya buri khabar sun kar jawwab me “Inna lillahi wa inna ilaihi raajioon” kaha toh inn tamaam mashkalo me namaaz jaati rahegi. Lekin agar khud usi ko cheek aayi toh hukm hai ki chup rahe aur agar “Alhamdulillah” kahliya toh bhi namaaz me haraj nahi. Namaaz padhne waale ne apne imaam ke alaawa dusre ko luqma diya(yaad dilaya) toh namaaz faasid ho gayi. Isi tarah apne muqtadi ke alaawa dusre ka luqma lena bhi namaaz ko faasid kar deta hai, aur galat luqma dene se luqma dene waale ki namaaz jaati rehti hai. “ALLAAHu akbar” ki alif ko kheench kar “AALLAAHu akbar” ya aakbar ya akbaar kehna namaaz ko faasid kar deta hai. Isi tarah “ALLAAHu akbar” ki ‘Ra’ ko ‘Da’ padhne se namaaz faasid ho jaati hai. Aur “Nastaeen” ko “Nastaaeen” padhne se namaaz jaati rehti hai, aur anamath ki ta ko zabar ke bajaay zeir ya peish padhne se namaaz faasid ho jaati hai. Aaah, oh, uf tuf dard ya musibath ki wajah se kaho ya aawaaz ke saath roye aur huruf(akshar) paida huwe toh inn sab surato me namaaz jaati rahegi lekin agar mareez ki zubaan se beiqtiyaar ‘Aah ya Oh’ nikle toh namaaz faasid na huwi isi tarah cheenk, khaansi, jamaahi aur dakaar me jitne huruf majbooran nikalte hai muaaf hai. Daaton ke andar khaane ki koyi cheez reh gayi thi usko nigal gaya agar chane se kam hai toh namaaz makruh huwi aur chane ke barabar hai toh faasid ho gayi. Aurat namaaz padh rahi thi bacche ne uski chaathi choosi agar doodh nikal aaya toh namaaz jaati rahi. Namaaz ke aage se guzarna namaaz ko faasid nahi karta khwah guzarne waala mard ho ya aurat magar guzarne waala saqt gunahgaar hota hai. Hadees shareef me hai ki namaazi ke aage se guzarne waala agar janta ki iss par kya gunah hai toh zameen me dhans jaane ko guzarne se accha jaanta.

 

NAMAAZ KE MAKRUHAAT:

SAWAAL: Namaaz ke andar jo baate makruh hai unhe bataye ?

JAWAAB: Kapde, badan ya daadhi ke saat khelna kapda sametna, jaise sajde me jaate waqt aage ya peeche se uthana kapda latkaana yani sar ya mundhe par iss tarah daalna ki doono kanare latakte ho, kis aasteen ka aadhi kalaayi se ziyaada chadhaana, daaman samet kar namaaz padhna, shiddat(zordaar) ka paakhana, peshab maloom hote waqt ya galbaye riyaah ke waqt namaaz padhna mard ka judha baandhe huwe namaaz padhna ungliya chatkaana, ungliyo ki kainchi baandhna kamar par haath rakhna, idhar udhar muh pheir kar dekhna, aasman ki taraf nigah uthaana. Tashahud ya sajdon ke darmiyan kutte ki tarah baithna, mard ka sajde me kalaayiyo ka bichaana, kisi shaks ke muh ke samne namaaz padhna, kapde me iss tarah lipat jaana ki haat bhi baahar na ho. pagdi iss tarah baandhna ki beech sar par na ho naak aur muh ko chipaana bezarurath khankaar nikaalna, bilkasd jamaahi lena aur khud aaye toh harz nahi, jis kapde par jaandaar ki tasweer(photo) ho usko pehen kar namaaz padhna, tasweer ka namaazi ke sar par yaani chath me hona ya latka hona ya sajda karne ki jagah me hona ki uss par sajde waaki ho, namaazi ke aage ya dahine ya baaye ya peeche tasweer ka hona jab ki latki ho ya nasab ho ya diwaar wagairah mankoosh ho(dewaar par khood kar ya waise hi kisi jaandaar ki tasweer bani hona) ulta Qur’aan majeed padhna, kisi waajib ko tark karna(choodhna)qiyaam ke alaawa kisi aur mauqe par Qur’aan padhna ruku me Qirat ko khatm karna, Imaam se pehle muqtadi ka ruku wa sujood wagairah me jaana ya usse pehle sar uthaana yeh tamaam baate makruh tehreemi hai.

 

 

WITR KA BAYAAN:

SAWAAL: Namaaz witr kis tarah padhi jaati hai ?

JAWAAB: Namaaz witr bhi iss tarah padhi jaati hai jis tarah aur namaaz padhi jaati hai. Lekin witr ki teesri rakaat me Alhamdu aur surat padhne ke baad kaano tak doono haath le jaaye aur ALLAAHu akbar kehte huwe haath waapas laaye aur naaf(dhondi) ke neeche baandh le phir Dua-e-Qunoot padhe phir uske baad aur namaazo ki tarah ruku aur sajda wagairah karke salaam pheir de.

DUA-E-QUNOOT:

“ALLAAHumma inna nastayeenuka wa nastagfiruka wa numinu bika wa natawakkalu alaika wa nusni alaikal khair wa nashkuruka walaa nakfuruka wa nakhlav wa natruku maiyyafzuruka ALLAAHumma iyyakanabudu wa la ka nusalli wa nasjudu wa ilaya nasaa wa nah fidu wa narju rehmataka wa naqshaa azaabaka inna azaabaka bil kuffari mulhiq”.

SAWAAL: Jis shaks ko Dua-e-qunoot yaad na ho woh kya padhe ?

JAWAAB: Jis shaks ko Dua-e-qunoot yaad na ho woh ye dua padhe, “ALLAAHumma rabbana aatina fiddunya hasanaton wa fil aaqirati hasanaton waqina azaabannar”.

SAWAAL: Agar dua-e-qunoot na padhe toh kya hukm hai ?

JAWAAB: Agar dua-e-qunoot kasdan(jaan boojh) kar na padhe toh namaaze witr phir se padhe aur agar bhool kar na padhe toh aaqir me sajda-e-sahu kare.

SAWAAL: Agar dua-e-qunoot padhna bhool jaaye aur ruku me yaad aaye toh kya kare ?

JAWAAB: Agar dua-e-qunoot padhna bhool jaaye aur ruku me yaad aaye toh na qiyam ki taraf laute aur na ruku me padhe balki aaqir me sajda-e-shau kare.

 

SUNNAT AUR NAFL KA BAYAAN:

SAWAAL: Kitni namaaze sunnate muakkada hai ?

JAWAAB: Doo rakaat fajr ke farz se pehle, chaar rakaat zohar ke farz se pehle aur doo rakaat farz ke baad, doo rakaat magrib farz ke baad, doo rakaat isha farz ke baad, chaar rakaat juma ke farz se pehle aur chaar rakaat juma farz ke baad. Inn sunnato ko “Sunnanatul huda” bhi kaha jaata hai.

SAWAAL: Kitni namaaze sunnate gair muakkada hai ?

JAWAAB: Chaar rakaat asr ke farz se pehle, chaar rakaat isha farz se pehle, zohar farz ke baad doo ke bajaaye chaar isi tarah, isha farz ke baad doo ke bajaaye chaar rakaat, magrib ke baad chey(6) rakaat salatul awwabeen, doo rakaat tahiyatul masjid, doo rakaat tahiyatul wuzu doo rakaat namaaze ishraaq kam se kam doo rakaat namaaze chaasth aur ziyaada se ziyaada baarah(12) rakaat, kam se kam doo rakaat namaaze tahajjud aur ziyaada se ziyaada aant(8) rakaat, salaatutasbeeh, naaze istiqaara aur namaaze haajat wagairah in sunnato ko sunnuzzawaaid aur kabhi mustahab bhi kehte hai.

SAWAAL: Jamaat khadi hone ke baad kisi sunnat ka shuru karna jaayiz hai ya nahi ?

JAWAAB: Jamaat khadi ho jaane ke baad fajr ki sunnat ke alaawa kisi sunnat ka shuru karna jaayiz nahi, agar yeh jaane ki fajr ki sunnat padhne ke baad jamaat mil jaayegi agarche qaida(baithak) hi me shaamil hoga toh sunnat padhle magar saf(line) ke baraabar khade hokar padhna jaayiz nahi balki saf(line) se door hat kar padhe.

SAWAAL: Kin waqto me nafl namaaz padhna jaayiz nahi ?

JAWAAB: Tulu wa gurub(Suraj ka nikalna aur doobna) aur dopahar inn teeno waqto me koyi namaaz jaayiz nahi na farz na waajib aur na nafl, haan agar uss roz asr ki namaaz nahi padhi hai toh suraj doobne ke waqt padhle aur tulu-e-fajr se talu-e-aaftaab(suraj) ke darmiyaan siwaaye doo rakaat sunnate fajr ke tahiyatul masjid aur tahiyatul wuzu wagairah koyi nafl jaayiz nahi aur namaaze asr se magrib ki farz padhne ke darmiyan nafl mana hai aur khutba ke waqt aur namaaze Eidein se peshtar(pehle) nafl makruh hai chaahe ghar me padhe ya Eidgah wa masjid me aur namaaze Eidein ke baad bhi nafl makruh hai jab ki Eidgah ya masjid me padhe ghar me padhna makruh nahi hai.

SAWAAL: Nafl namaaz baith kar padh sakte hai ya nahi ?

JAWAAB: Baith kar padh sakte hai magar jabki qudrat(taakat) ho to khade ho kar padhna afzal hai.

 

 

 

TAHIYATUL WUZU:

Muslim shareef me hai ki Nabiye Kareem Swallallaahu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaya jo shaks wuzu kare aur accha wuzu kare aur zaahir wa baatin se mutawajjeh hokar doo rakaat (namaaz tahiyatulwuzu) padhe uske liye jannat waajib ho jaati hai.

NAMAAZE ISHRAQ:

Tirmizi shareef me hai ki Huzur Swallallaahu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaya ki jo fajr ki namaaz jamaat se padh kar khuda ka zikr karta rahe yaha tak ki suraj buland ho jaaye phir doo rakaat(namaaze ishraq) padhe toh usko poore haj aur umra ka sawaab milega.

NAMAAZE CHAASHTH:

Chaashth ki namaaz mustahab hai kam se kam doo aur ziyaada se ziyaada baarah(12) rakaate hai tirmizi aur ibne maaza me hai ki Huzur Swallallaahu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaaya jo chaashth ki doo rakaato par muhafazaat kare uske gunaah baksh diye jaayenge agarche samandar ke jhaag ke baraabar ho.

NAMAAZE TAHAJJUD:

Tahajjud ki namaaz ka waqt isha ki namaaz ke baad so kar uthe uss waqt se tuluye subah sadiq tak hai tahajjud ki namaaz kam se kam doo rakaat hai aur Huzur Swallallaahu alaihi wa sallam se aath(8) tak saabith hai, hadees shareef me iss namaaz ki badi fazilath(badaayi) aayi hai nasaayi aur ibne maaza ne apni sunan me riwaayat ki ke RasoolALLAAH Swallallaahu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaaya jo shaks raat me bedaar ho(jaage) aur apne ahal ko jagaaye phir doono doo doo rakaat padhe toh kasrat se yaad karne waalo me likhe jaayenge.

SALATUT TASBEEH:

Salatut tasbeeh me beinteha sawaab hai, baaz muhaqqiqeen farmaate hai ki uski buzurgi sunkar tark na karega magar deen me susti karne waala hadees shareef me hai ki Huzur Swallallaahu alaihi wa sallam ne Hazrate Abbas Radiyallaahu Anhu se farmaya ki “Aye chacha agar tum se ho sake toh salatut tasbeeh roz ek baar padho, agar roz na ho sake toh har jum’a ko ek baar padho aur yeh bhi na ho sake toh har mahine me ek baar padho aur yeh bhi na ho sake toh har saal me ek baar padho aur yeh bhi na ho sake toh umr me ek baar padho”. Iss namaaz ki tarkeeb sunne Tirmizi me Hazrate Abdullah ibne Mubaarak se iss tarah mazkoor hai ki takbeer tehrima ke baad sana padhe phir pandrah(15) baar yeh tasbeeh padhe – “SUBHANALLAAHI WALHAMDU LILLAHI WALA ILAHA ILLALAAHU WALLAAHU AKBAR” phir Taouz, Tasmiya, Sure Fatiha aur Surat padh kar dass baar upar waali tasbeeh padhe phir ruku kare aur ruku me dass baar padhe phir ruku se sar uthaaye Tasmia-wa-Tehmeed ke baad dass baar wahi tasbeeh padhe phir sajde ko jaaye aur usme dass martaba padhe phir sajda se sar uthaaye toh dass baar padhe phir dusre sajde me jaaye toh dass baar padhe. Iss tarah chaar rakaat padhe aur ruku wa sujood me “SUBHANA RABBIAL AZEEM” aur “SUBHANA RABBIAL AALA” kehne ke baad tasbeeh padhe.

NAMAAZE HAAJAT:

Abu daawood me hai Hazrate Huzaifa Radiyallaahu Ta’ala Anhu farmate hai ki jab Huzur Swallallaahu alaihi wa sallam ko koyi aham muamila peish aata toh aap uske liye doo ya chaar rakaat namaaz padhte. Hadees shareef me hai pehli rakaat me sure fatiha aur teen baar ayatal kursi padhe aur baaki teen rakaato me sure fatiha, qulhuwallaahu, qulaauzubi rabbil falaq aur qul aauzubi rabbinnaas ek ek baar padhe toh yeh aisi hai jaise shabe qadr me chaar rakaate padhi, mashaayiq farmate hai ki hamne yeh namaaz padhi aur hamari haajate(zarurate) poori huwi.

-Dua ki Darkhwast

 

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